10 Perceptual Region Examples (2022) (2022)

10 Perceptual Region Examples (2022) (1)

In human geography, perceptual regions are regions that exist in the public imagination but do not exist as clearly defined specific locations.

You might think of a region, such as ‘the US south’, and have a different idea about where it begins and ends, and what its culture is, to someone else. Your perception of the region is unique, and because it’s not a formally recognized place, it’s hard to define it objectively.

Perceptual regions differ from formal regions because a formal region is set in stone. You can walk up to its boundary, see it on a map, and agree on its definition.

We can also call perceptual regions “vernacular regions“.

Perceptual Region Examples

Related: Functional Region Examples

(Video) Formal, Functional, and Perceptual Regions: Examples included!

1. The Bible Belt

10 Perceptual Region Examples (2022) (2)

The term “bible belt” is used to describe a region of the United States where evangelical Christianity is strong.

The exact boundaries of the bible belt are contested, but it is generally agreed to include parts of the southern and midwestern states.

The term was first coined in the 1920s by American writer and sociologist H.L. Mencken. Mencken used the term to describe a region where religious fundamentalism was common and secularism was not tolerated.

2. Silicon Valley

10 Perceptual Region Examples (2022) (3)

The term “Silicon Valley” was first coined in 1971 by Don C. Hoefler, a journalist for the trade publication Electronic News. He was referring to the booming semiconductor industry in the Santa Clara Valley.

It’s not clear exactly where the silicon valley begins or ends because it’s not an exact place but a metaphor explaining the concentration of computer and electronics industries around Santa Clara.

Today, the Silicon Valley region is home to some of the world’s most innovative and successful tech companies, making it one of the most important centers of the global tech industry.

3. The Red Center

10 Perceptual Region Examples (2022) (4)

The “Red Center” (in Australian English: red centre) is a commonly used term to describe the inland of Australia, which is largely defined by its red desert cultural landscape.

The term was first popularized by explorer Ernest Giles, who wrote about his travels through the region in the late 19th century.

Today, the Red Center is home to some of Australia’s most iconic landmarks, including Uluru and Kings Canyon. It is also home to a number of Aboriginal communities, who have lived in the region for tens of thousands of years. It is a popular destination for both local and international tourists, who come to experience its unique natural beauty and rich cultural heritage.

(Video) 5 Excel Functions YOU NEED in 2021 & 2022

Many rural and remote tourist spots claim they are in the Red Centre, and they can get away with it because no one really knows where it begins or ends.

4. Hillbilly Region

10 Perceptual Region Examples (2022) (5)

The term “hillbilly” is often used to describe people who live in rural, mountainous areas. The term is thought to have originated in the 1800s, when settlers in the Appalachian Mountains began to refer to themselves as “hill-folk.”

Over time, the term came to be associated with poverty and lack of education.

Today, however, the term is often used as a point of pride by people who identify with their rural heritage.

In recent years, there has even been a resurgence of interest in “hillbilly culture,” with many people celebrating the traditional music and crafts of the Appalachian region.

5. Little Italy

10 Perceptual Region Examples (2022) (6)

Many cities in North America saw an influx of Italian immigrants in the 19th and 20th centuries. A lot of these immigrants settled in the same neighborhoods so they could be close to family, friends, and support networks.

These neighborhoods became known colloquially as ‘Little Italy’. They became well-known for good coffee and pizza and contributed to the cultural life of the towns.

However, the is a vernacular phrase, and usually the towns and suburbs retain ‘official’ names. So, where Little Italy begins or ends is subjective. As more Italians came into the neighborhoods and set up Italian-themed shops and cafes, the idea of Little Italies continued to grow.

6. Southerners or Northerners

10 Perceptual Region Examples (2022) (7)

Whether you live in ‘the south’ or ‘the north’ is a subjective term. For example, Canadians may refer to New York State as ‘down south’ because Canada is perceived by its citizens as ‘the true north’.

(Video) E95: Winter is Coming, Europe's energy crisis, Kim Kardashian's new PE firm & more

By contrast, New Yorkers would likely see themselves as northerners to contrast themselves to the ‘American South’, which usually encompasses places like Tennessee and Arkansas.

Similarly, when I lived in England, I lived in a town called Newcastle which was in the far north of England. We considered people from Leeds not to be true northerners, but people from London definitely saw them as northerners.

7. The Midwest

10 Perceptual Region Examples (2022) (8)

The Midwest region of the United States is located in the central part of the country and is usually considered to include the states of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Sometimes the definitions of the Midwest include additional states such as Montana, Colorado, and Wyoming.

The Midwest is a perceptual region because it’s not a formal location, a specific state, and doesn’t have a government. Rather, it exists as an idea about a certain subculture and way of life in the USA/

The Midwest is often referred to as America’s “heartland” because it is considered to be the center of American culture and values. The region is known for its strong work ethic, its focus on family and community, and its traditional values.

8. Highway of Tears

10 Perceptual Region Examples (2022) (9)

The highway of tears is a very sad example of a perceptual region.

It is a stretch of road in Canada that has been the site of many unsolved murders and disappearances. The majority of the victims are Indigenous women, and many believe that the police have not done enough to investigate the cases.

While the exact number of victims is unknown, it is believed that there have been at least 18 murders and 19 disappearances since 1970.

(Video) ZIZ Evening News - September 10, 2022

The highway of tears can be seen as a perceptual region because it’s a vernacular term that refers to a rough region and collection of roads that people perceive to be dangerous and ungoverned, even to this day.

9. Flyover Country

10 Perceptual Region Examples (2022) (10)

Flyover country is a term used to describe the inland states of the United States that are less densely populated and don’t contain elite cities like New York and Los Angeles.

These states are often overlooked by residents of the East and West Coasts, who tend to view them as “flyover country” – a place to be quickly flown over when traveling from one coast to the other.

The term is generally used by people who live in those inland regions as a way to explain how they feel ignored and left out by politicians. During electoral campaigns, politicians spend so much time trying to appeal to the city elites that they ignore the ‘forgotten people’ in inland states.

10. Cottage Country

10 Perceptual Region Examples (2022) (11)

‘Cottage country’ is a term used by people from Ontario and New Brunswick to describe rural areas of their provinces where people go for holidays.

Located in rural areas, cottage country typically offers a wide range of outdoor activities, such as hiking, fishing and swimming. In addition, cottage country is often known for its picturesque scenery, including forests, lakes and rivers.

Cottage country can refer to just about anywhere that is idyllic and, generally, has a lot of holiday cottages. It doesn’t refer to a specific region or place, but rather an idea of a certain type of place and a ‘feeling’ you get when you’re there.

Conclusion

Perceptual regions are some of the hardest types of regions to understand in human geography. Even once you get the general idea that these regions exist in the imagination rather than as formal regions, it’s hard to find examples of perceptual regions. Personally, my favorite example is the bible belt: it explains a culture and a way of life, and everyone generally understand what it means, but no one can really say where it begins and ends.

FAQs

What are some examples of perceptual regions? ›

Perceptual regions reflect peoples feelings about certain areas; in the United States, southern California and the South each have a certain image. nonexistent in developing nations. Examples of perceptual regions would be Dixie, Midwest, The Outback and The South.

What is a real life example of perceptual region? ›

The highway of tears can be seen as a perceptual region because it's a vernacular term that refers to a rough region and collection of roads that people perceive to be dangerous and ungoverned, even to this day.

Is the Big Apple a perceptual region? ›

A perceptual region is based on people's attitudes and emotions about a place, such as the "Deep South," "Dixie," or "The Big Apple" (New York City).

What is perceptual region in AP Human Geography? ›

Vernacular Region (aka Perceptual Region or Mental Map) Definition: An area that people believe exist as part of their cultural identity. Vernacular Regions emerge from one's informal sense of place rather than a scientific model.

What are 5 examples of formal regions? ›

Formal Region Examples
  • The Nation-State. ...
  • The European Union. ...
  • States in the USA. ...
  • Continents. ...
  • Counties and Local Government Areas. ...
  • State and National Parks. ...
  • East and West Berlin (up until 1989) ...
  • The Arctic Circle.

What are some examples of region? ›

Geographic Regions
  • Africa. ...
  • Asia. ...
  • Caribbean. ...
  • Central America. ...
  • Europe. ...
  • North America. ...
  • Oceania. ...
  • South America.
21 Dec 2021

Is Texas A perceptual region? ›

Perceptual Region

An example of a Formal region is Texas. A Functional Region is defined by a central node in which economic activity, communication and trade spread from. A Functional Region interacts with the area around it.

Why is the Bible Belt a perceptual region? ›

A perceptual or vernacular region is defined by feelings and prejudices that may or may not be true. It can also be an idea of a person's mental map. It can be viewed as how people think about or perceive a region based on factors that may not reflect the truth, such as the Bible Belt or Hillbilly region.

What is a perceptual region? ›

Perceptual Region --Area defined by people's feelings and attitudes. --EXAMPLE: “The South, Aggieland, etc.”

Is the rust belt a perceptual region? ›

The territory referred to as the Rust Belt in the United States, an area primarily of industry, located in the midwestern and northeastern areas, is an example of a formal region. This type of formal region has to do with economic distinction.

Is the Middle East a perceptual region? ›

Answer and Explanation: The Middle East is a perceptual region, not a formal region. Whereas formal regions are organized based on physical or human shared traits, perceptual regions are organized based on people's feelings and attitudes about a specific area.

What type of region is Chinatown? ›

A Chinatown (Chinese: 唐人街; pinyin: Tángrénjiē; Jyutping: tong4 jan4 gaai1) is an ethnic enclave of Chinese people located outside mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau or Taiwan, most often in an urban setting.

What are the 3 types of regions? ›

Geographers have identified three types of regions: formal, functional, and vernacular.

What are 3 functional regions? ›

The three main functional regions of the cell are : Plasma membrane, Nucleus and the cytoplasm.

Is Florida a functional region? ›

Functional region is a specific place that is found within the location for example South Beach is in Miami, Florida and South Beach is the functional region.

Who has divided the world into 15 formal regions? ›

It is an even greater pity that Herbertson limited himself to dividing the earth into types of natural regions (15 at first, later increased to 20), most of which in fact are geographical zones (q.v. Vol.

What's an example of a functional region? ›

A functional region is distinguished by a centralized hub with surrounding areas and structures that relate to a common activity. For example, a trade route, transportation hub, or a shopping center would all be considered functional regions.

Is New York a functional region? ›

The Metropolitan Area of New York is a functional region. The city of New York is the center of the New York Metropolitan Area. The New York City region is composed of 5 boroughs: The Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens and Staten Island.

What is your Region 3 answer? ›

Region 3 comprises with the seven provinces in the central plain of Luzon namely; Aurora, Bataan, Bulacan, Pampanga, Nueva Ecija, Tarlac and Zambales.

How many regions are there in the world in 2021? ›

United Nations' published list of countries belonging to world regions, split into a total of eight regions.

What are the 7 major regions of the United States? ›

Its regions are New England, the Mideast, the Southeast, the Great Lakes, the Plains, the Southwest, the Rocky Mountains, and the Far West.

Is Florida a formal region? ›

Examples Of Formal Regions

States like Florida, California, Washington, Texas, and New York all have their own borders that define them. Within these states are there own counties and cities that have their own boundaries and city limits that separate them from the cities and counties that surround them.

Is Brazil a formal region? ›

Region. Brazil belongs to the informal region of Eastern South America, located west of the Atlantic Ocean. Brazil is majorly of tropical climate. A majority of economic success comes from the abundance of tropical fruits, like bananas, produced in the area.

Is Wisconsin a formal region? ›

Formal regions are those defined by legal boundaries (i. e., Dane County, Wisconsin, Village of Oregon). Functional regions are those defined by a function (ex. Oregon School District).

What are the 4 types of regions? ›

Terms in this set (4)
  • Formal. Defined by a common characteristic.
  • Functional. Central place and surrounding area.
  • Cultural. Defined by culture.
  • Perceptual. Defined by popular feelings.

What type of region is Milwaukee? ›

It is the main cultural and economic center of the Milwaukee metropolitan area, the fourth-most densely populated metropolitan area in the Midwest.

Is a school a functional region? ›

A school district is another functional region. Students who live in different neighborhoods within a city attend the same school district. The school district links the different areas together. Another example is a local news channel.

What is region and its types? ›

A region is an area on Earth's surface marked by a degree of formal, functional, or perceptual homogeneity of some phenomenon. The three main types of regions are formal, functional, and vernacular regions.

What is a formal functional and perceptual region? ›

Formal regions are areas in which a certain characteristic is found throughout them. Functional regions consist of a central place and the surrounding places affected by it. Perceptual regions are defined by people's attitudes and feelings about areas.

What do you mean by perceptual? ›

Perceptual means relating to the way people interpret and understand what they see or notice. [formal] Some children have more finely trained perceptual skills than others.

Is Mexico a formal region? ›

This peninsula is a formal region meaning it has definite borders and measurable characteristics. Mexico is South of the United Sates . It's surrounded by the Gulf of Mexico and the Pacific Ocean. Mexico is also attached to the United States and Central America.

Why is it called the Sun Belt? ›

It is termed the "Sun" Belt because of the warm and sunny climate of the region. The primary states of the Sun Belt are Alabama, Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Utah.

Where is the Sun Belt located? ›

The Kinder Institute defines the Sun Belt as all areas in the continental U.S. below 36 degrees 30 minutes north latitude. The region comprises 15 states — Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee and Texas.

Is Italy a perceptual region? ›

The perceptual regions include Northern Italy, Central Italy, and Southern Italy.

Why is an airport a functional region? ›

We call it a functional region because the region is designed based upon a functional, rather than political, purpose. Examples of central nodes around which a region exists include airports, hospitals, radio towers, and city centers.

What is a functional region of California? ›

Los Angeles, as with all metropolitan areas, functions economically as a single region and is thus considered a functional region. Other examples of functional regions include church parishes, radio station listening areas, and newspaper subscription areas.

Is the Sahara Desert a formal region? ›

Northern Africa is a formal region because the Sahara desert is found through the entire region. The Middle East region is dominated by the Islamic religion, making it formal in that attribute. A consistent geographical attribute is found throughout the region.

Is the Great Lakes a formal region? ›

The Great Lakes region of North America is a binational Canadian–American region that includes portions of the eight U.S. states of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin along with the Canadian province of Ontario.

What are two examples of vernacular regions? ›

Vernacular regions reflect a "sense of place," but rarely coincide with established jurisdictional borders. Examples of vernacular regions in the United States include Tidewater, also known as Hampton Roads, Siouxland, and the Tri-City area of Batavia, Geneva, and St. Charles, Illinois.

Which is a good example of a functional region? ›

A functional region is distinguished by a centralized hub with surrounding areas and structures that relate to a common activity. For example, a trade route, transportation hub, or a shopping center would all be considered functional regions.

What are the 3 types of regions? ›

Geographers have identified three types of regions: formal, functional, and vernacular.

Is Texas A perceptual region? ›

Perceptual Region

An example of a Formal region is Texas. A Functional Region is defined by a central node in which economic activity, communication and trade spread from. A Functional Region interacts with the area around it.

Is the rust belt a perceptual region? ›

The territory referred to as the Rust Belt in the United States, an area primarily of industry, located in the midwestern and northeastern areas, is an example of a formal region. This type of formal region has to do with economic distinction.

What are 3 examples of functional regions? ›

Some examples of a functional region include a school district, metropolitan area (such as Atlanta with its surrounding areas), newspaper circulation, or even a food truck delivery service.

Why is the Middle East considered a perceptual region? ›

Why would the Middle East be considered a perceptual region? A region that is defined differently based on people's perceptions. The Middle East is defined differently by different people.

What are the 4 types of regions? ›

What are the Different Types of Regions?
  • Formal (Uniform) Region.
  • Functional (Nodal) Region.
  • Perceptual (Vernacular) Region.
1 Mar 2022

What is a perceptual region? ›

Perceptual Region --Area defined by people's feelings and attitudes. --EXAMPLE: “The South, Aggieland, etc.”

How many regions are in the world? ›

The eight official DHS-recognized global regions on the world map are Africa, Asia, Europe and Oceania in the Eastern hemisphere and the Caribbean and the three American zones (North, Central and South) in the Western hemisphere.

Is the South a perceptual region? ›

The Big Apple (New York City), the Midwest, the South, and New England are other examples of perceptual regions in the United States. Roll over each region to see its location.

Is Florida a functional region? ›

Functional region is a specific place that is found within the location for example South Beach is in Miami, Florida and South Beach is the functional region.

What type of region is Chinatown? ›

A Chinatown (Chinese: 唐人街; pinyin: Tángrénjiē; Jyutping: tong4 jan4 gaai1) is an ethnic enclave of Chinese people located outside mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau or Taiwan, most often in an urban setting.

Is Florida a formal region? ›

Examples Of Formal Regions

States like Florida, California, Washington, Texas, and New York all have their own borders that define them. Within these states are there own counties and cities that have their own boundaries and city limits that separate them from the cities and counties that surround them.

Is New York City a functional region? ›

The Metropolitan Area of New York is a functional region. The city of New York is the center of the New York Metropolitan Area. The New York City region is composed of 5 boroughs: The Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens and Staten Island.

Is Mexico a formal region? ›

This peninsula is a formal region meaning it has definite borders and measurable characteristics. Mexico is South of the United Sates . It's surrounded by the Gulf of Mexico and the Pacific Ocean. Mexico is also attached to the United States and Central America.

What type of region is Milwaukee? ›

It is the main cultural and economic center of the Milwaukee metropolitan area, the fourth-most densely populated metropolitan area in the Midwest.

Videos

1. Wall Street Week - Full Show 09/09/2022
(Bloomberg Markets and Finance)
2. A Collection of Horrible Fates #11
(Scary Interesting)
3. What Will Schools Look Like in the Future?
(Freethink)
4. UBC NEWS TONIGHT with Lauryn Masika Kazimoto| September 10, 2022
(UBC Television Uganda)
5. Sensation and Perception: Crash Course Psychology #5
(CrashCourse)
6. How Apple and Nike have branded your brain | Your Brain on Money | Big Think
(Big Think)

Top Articles

You might also like

Latest Posts

Article information

Author: Melvina Ondricka

Last Updated: 08/15/2022

Views: 6066

Rating: 4.8 / 5 (68 voted)

Reviews: 91% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Melvina Ondricka

Birthday: 2000-12-23

Address: Suite 382 139 Shaniqua Locks, Paulaborough, UT 90498

Phone: +636383657021

Job: Dynamic Government Specialist

Hobby: Kite flying, Watching movies, Knitting, Model building, Reading, Wood carving, Paintball

Introduction: My name is Melvina Ondricka, I am a helpful, fancy, friendly, innocent, outstanding, courageous, thoughtful person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.