AP Human Geography Theorist - Flashcards | StudyHippo.com (2022)

AP Human Geography Theorist - Flashcards | StudyHippo.com (1) Kael Dunlap

7 July 2022

question

Carl Sauer

answer

Culture; Cultural Landscape - Each region has its own distinct landscape due to social relationships and physical processes. Examples: Florida is a peninsula with subtropical and tropical weather. Being surrounded by water is good for ship trade with other countries. Also good for tourism.

question

H. Carey

answer

Economic; Gravity Model - A law of spatial interaction that states that larger places attract people, ideas, and goods more strongly than smaller places. Examples: New York City has more developments and attractions that draw people in rather than other cities like Cape Coral.

question

Manuel Carrells

answer

Economic; Technopoles - Planned centers for the promotion of high tech industry. Examples: High tech industries are located by high edgucational schools.

question

Peter Hall

answer

Economic; Technopoles - Center of high tech manufacturing and information. Based on quatrinary industry. Example: Seattle with Microsoft and its aircrafts.

question

August Losch

answer

Economic; Agglomeration/Spatial Influence - Further developed the Central Place Theory; wanted to determine the "maximum profit" location. Example: People will drive a greater distance to get to a Macy's rather than a seven eleven.

question

W. W. Rostow

answer

Economic; Economic Development - A model of development for countries based on 5 stages of economic growth and modernization: 1) Traditional society. 2) The precondition for takeoff. 3) The takeoff. 4) The drive to maturity. 5) The age of mass consumption.

question

Immanuel Wallerstein

answer

Economic; World-Systems Model - Theory that there is only one world system in which all nation-states historically compete for capital and labor. (When all countries compete to be head/top country.)

question

Immanuel Wallerstein

answer

Economic; Core-Periphery Model - Theory that poor states are impoverished and rich ones enriched by the way poor states are integrated into the "world systems". (Kind of like comparing enriched states to poor states making the rich ones seem even richer)

question

Alfred Weber

answer

Economic; Location of Industry/Least Cost/Agglomeration - Location of Industry: an industry is located where the transportation costs of raw material and fine product. Least Cost: states that 3 main expenses (labor, transportation, and agglomeration) must be minimized when locating an industry. Agglomeration: the cost advanced for an industrial company gained by locating near similar functional industries or companies.

question

(Video) how to self study ap human geography (and get a 5)

Vidal de la Blache

answer

Nature/Environment; Possiblism - Theory that the physical environment merely establishes limits of what is possible on the human population. Example: Oceans, rainforests, deserts, and mountains are areas that are uninhabitable by humans. This limits human growth.

question

Fredrich Ratzel

answer

Nature/Environment; Environmental Determinism - Theory that human behavior is controlled by the physical environment.

question

Alfred Wegner

answer

Nature/Environment; Plate Tectonic Theory - Scientific theory that tries to explain the movements of the Earth's lithosphere. Fragmented plates ride next to each other on top of the Earth's lower mantle to create different plate boundaries that shape the Earth's landscape.

question

Halford MacKinder

answer

Political; Heartland Theory - Theory that the country that dominated the landmass of Eurasia (heartland) would eventually rule the world (rimland).

question

Alfred Mahane

answer

Political; Sea Power Theory - Idea that countries with greater navel power will have greater worldwide impact, it shaped the strategic thought of navels across the world.

question

Fredrich Ratzel

answer

Political; Organic Theory of Nations - Borders do not exist permanently; nations are growing and represent a temporary "snapshot" of the allegiances and identity of the people who inhabit it.

question

Nicholas Spykman

answer

Political; Rimland Theory - The domination of the coastal fringes of Eurasia would provide the base for world conquest. (Counter to the Heartland Theory)

question

Paul Ehrlich & Lester Brown

answer

Population; New-Malthusianism - Over population relates to poverty in areas of the world.

question

E.G. Ravenstein

answer

Population; Laws of Migration - Migration occurs over long distances, in step, due to economic problems and women tend to do it more then men but men travel longer distances.

question

Warren Thompson

answer

Population; Demographic Transition Model - First and second stages are high birth and death rates. Third stage is decreasing in birth and death rates, increasing the population. Stage four and five are low birth and death rates leading to high population.

question

Thomas Malthus

answer

Population; Malthusian Theory - Population growth would exceed resource growth therefore not having enough resources to supply every person in the world.

question

Esther Boserup

(Video) How to Study for AP Human Geography: 9 Tips to Get a 5 in 2022 | Albert

answer

Population/Agriculture; Boserup Thesis - Subsistence agriculture will have to change to meet up the needs of a growing population in less developed countries.

question

J.H. von Thunen

answer

Rural Geography; Agriculture Model - Distance from market: Perishables close to market; cant have livestock in pasture away from business. Transportation to/from market: Today- exceptions AIR, GMOs last longer. Land characteristics ( Dry vs. Rich soil) Land costs ( More costly near market)

question

John Borchert

answer

Urban Geography; Stages of Evolution of Am. Metropolis - Links to Economic Development.

question

Walter Christaller

answer

Urban Geography; Central Place Theory - The theory that explains the regional organization of urban areas, based on their functions and the goods and services they offer.

question

E.L. Ullman & Chauncey Harris

answer

Urban Geography; Multiple Nuclei Model - A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are arranged around a collection of nodes of activities.

question

Ernest Burgess

answer

Rural Geography; Concentric Zone Model - A model of internal structure of cities in which social groups are spatially arranged in a series of rings.

question

Homer Hoyt

answer

Urban Geography; Urban Sector Model - Model of urban land use. It is a modification of the concentric zone model of city development.

question

Carl Sauer

answer

Culture; Cultural Landscape - Each region has its own distinct landscape due to social relationships and physical processes. Examples: Florida is a peninsula with subtropical and tropical weather. Being surrounded by water is good for ship trade with other countries. Also good for tourism.

question

H. Carey

answer

Economic; Gravity Model - A law of spatial interaction that states that larger places attract people, ideas, and goods more strongly than smaller places. Examples: New York City has more developments and attractions that draw people in rather than other cities like Cape Coral.

question

Manuel Carrells

answer

Economic; Technopoles - Planned centers for the promotion of high tech industry. Examples: High tech industries are located by high edgucational schools.

question

Peter Hall

answer

Economic; Technopoles - Center of high tech manufacturing and information. Based on quatrinary industry. Example: Seattle with Microsoft and its aircrafts.

question

(Video) Hardest AP Exams by Pass Rate! #shorts

August Losch

answer

Economic; Agglomeration/Spatial Influence - Further developed the Central Place Theory; wanted to determine the "maximum profit" location. Example: People will drive a greater distance to get to a Macy's rather than a seven eleven.

question

W. W. Rostow

answer

Economic; Economic Development - A model of development for countries based on 5 stages of economic growth and modernization: 1) Traditional society. 2) The precondition for takeoff. 3) The takeoff. 4) The drive to maturity. 5) The age of mass consumption.

question

Immanuel Wallerstein

answer

Economic; World-Systems Model - Theory that there is only one world system in which all nation-states historically compete for capital and labor. (When all countries compete to be head/top country.)

question

Immanuel Wallerstein

answer

Economic; Core-Periphery Model - Theory that poor states are impoverished and rich ones enriched by the way poor states are integrated into the "world systems". (Kind of like comparing enriched states to poor states making the rich ones seem even richer)

question

Alfred Weber

answer

Economic; Location of Industry/Least Cost/Agglomeration - Location of Industry: an industry is located where the transportation costs of raw material and fine product. Least Cost: states that 3 main expenses (labor, transportation, and agglomeration) must be minimized when locating an industry. Agglomeration: the cost advanced for an industrial company gained by locating near similar functional industries or companies.

question

Vidal de la Blache

answer

Nature/Environment; Possiblism - Theory that the physical environment merely establishes limits of what is possible on the human population. Example: Oceans, rainforests, deserts, and mountains are areas that are uninhabitable by humans. This limits human growth.

question

Fredrich Ratzel

answer

Nature/Environment; Environmental Determinism - Theory that human behavior is controlled by the physical environment.

question

Alfred Wegner

answer

Nature/Environment; Plate Tectonic Theory - Scientific theory that tries to explain the movements of the Earth's lithosphere. Fragmented plates ride next to each other on top of the Earth's lower mantle to create different plate boundaries that shape the Earth's landscape.

question

Halford MacKinder

answer

Political; Heartland Theory - Theory that the country that dominated the landmass of Eurasia (heartland) would eventually rule the world (rimland).

question

Alfred Mahane

answer

Political; Sea Power Theory - Idea that countries with greater navel power will have greater worldwide impact, it shaped the strategic thought of navels across the world.

question

Fredrich Ratzel

answer

Political; Organic Theory of Nations - Borders do not exist permanently; nations are growing and represent a temporary "snapshot" of the allegiances and identity of the people who inhabit it.

question

Nicholas Spykman

(Video) AP Human Geography Unit 2 Review [Population & Migration Patterns & Processes]

answer

Political; Rimland Theory - The domination of the coastal fringes of Eurasia would provide the base for world conquest. (Counter to the Heartland Theory)

question

Paul Ehrlich & Lester Brown

answer

Population; New-Malthusianism - Over population relates to poverty in areas of the world.

question

E.G. Ravenstein

answer

Population; Laws of Migration - Migration occurs over long distances, in step, due to economic problems and women tend to do it more then men but men travel longer distances.

question

Warren Thompson

answer

Population; Demographic Transition Model - First and second stages are high birth and death rates. Third stage is decreasing in birth and death rates, increasing the population. Stage four and five are low birth and death rates leading to high population.

question

Thomas Malthus

answer

Population; Malthusian Theory - Population growth would exceed resource growth therefore not having enough resources to supply every person in the world.

question

Esther Boserup

answer

Population/Agriculture; Boserup Thesis - Subsistence agriculture will have to change to meet up the needs of a growing population in less developed countries.

question

J.H. von Thunen

answer

Rural Geography; Agriculture Model - Distance from market: Perishables close to market; cant have livestock in pasture away from business. Transportation to/from market: Today- exceptions AIR, GMOs last longer. Land characteristics ( Dry vs. Rich soil) Land costs ( More costly near market)

question

John Borchert

answer

Urban Geography; Stages of Evolution of Am. Metropolis - Links to Economic Development.

question

Walter Christaller

answer

Urban Geography; Central Place Theory - The theory that explains the regional organization of urban areas, based on their functions and the goods and services they offer.

question

E.L. Ullman & Chauncey Harris

answer

Urban Geography; Multiple Nuclei Model - A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are arranged around a collection of nodes of activities.

question

Ernest Burgess

answer

Rural Geography; Concentric Zone Model - A model of internal structure of cities in which social groups are spatially arranged in a series of rings.

question

Homer Hoyt

answer

Urban Geography; Urban Sector Model - Model of urban land use. It is a modification of the concentric zone model of city development.

(Video) How to Memorize Anything

FAQs

What is the best way to study for AP Human Geography? ›

More videos on YouTube
  1. Focus on specific themes. ...
  2. Mark up keywords and commands in the question. ...
  3. Don't skip any questions. ...
  4. Form a plan to take practice tests. ...
  5. Don't spend too much time on any one question. ...
  6. Know the types of multiple-choice questions. ...
  7. Know how to interpret graphs, maps, charts, and illustrations.
1 Mar 2022

Is AP Human Geography A Hard AP? ›

AP Human Geography is often labeled as moderately to highly difficult, primarily for its unique course content. While the concept of human geography may seem foreign to many students, chances are they've already explored some of the course's tenets on their own.

Is a 3 good on AP Human Geography? ›

For the 2021 AP® exam season, about half (52.5%) of the students who took the AP® Human Geography exam passed with a 3 or better. The mean score for this exam was 2.69. AP® Human Geography exam is more difficult to pass than the average AP® exam.

What is the hardest AP class? ›

Top 10 Hardest AP Classes by Exam Pass Rate
  • Physics 1. 51.6% 8.8%
  • Environmental Science. 53.4% 11.9%
  • Chemistry. 56.1% 10.6%
  • U.S. Government and Politics. 57.5% 15.5%
  • U.S. History. 58.7% 13.0%
  • Human Geography. 59.0% 11.8%
  • European History. 59.3% 13.7%
  • Statistics. 60.0% 16.2%

What percentage is a 5 on the AP Human Geography exam? ›

AP Score Distributions
Exam51
AP Human Geography14.4%32.4%
AP Macroeconomics18.0%32.9%
AP Microeconomics18.5%23.9%
AP Psychology14.1%31.5%
5 more rows

Is a 5 on APHG good? ›

A 3, 4, or 5 on an AP® exam is considered a passing score, with 3 described as “qualified”, 4 as “well qualified” and 5 as “extremely well qualified.” It is important to note that many universities will offer college credit for a passing score on an AP® exam, but be sure to verify with the AP® credit policy of any ...

What is the easiest AP exam? ›

The five easiest exams for self-study are as follows:

AP Environmental Science. AP Human Geography. AP Psychology. AP US Government and Politics.

Should I take an AP class in 9th grade? ›

Educators should be mindful of the following when considering offering AP to younger students. AP courses are rarely offered in ninth grade, and exam results show that, for the most part, ninth-grade students are not sufficiently prepared to participate in a college-level course.

How many questions do you need to get right to get a 5 on the AP Human Geography exam? ›

To earn a score of 4 or 5, you'll need to get at least 40 of those 60 questions correct.

How long does it take to study for AP Human Geography? ›

It should take approximately eight hours to study for the AP Human Geography exam. Of course, you can always extend the time you spend reviewing content if you're rusty on a bunch of different topics or just want to be extra thorough.

What is a 3 on an AP exam equivalent to? ›

Colleges generally view students who receive an AP score of 3 as “qualified” to pass a college course on the same subject. However, because a 3 on an AP exam is only equivalent to a grade of B- or C, highly competitive schools like Harvard don't generally offer credit for this score.

What percent is a 5 on an AP exam 2022? ›

Getting a 5 takes careful content knowledge, targeted practice and dedicated studying. Only around 14% earn the top score for the AP® Statistics exam. To get a 5, start studying ASAP® and focus on applying concepts to specific situations.

Does Harvard accept AP Human Geography? ›

Harvard confers 4 or 8 credits for eac eligible AP exam depending on whether the exam covers one semester or one full year's worth of material.
...
Advanced Placement Exams.
EXAMAP SCOREHARVARD CREDIT
AP Human Geography50
AP Macroeconomics54
AP Microeconomics54
AP Psychology54
39 more rows

What APs do colleges like? ›

2. The Best AP Classes Are Ones You Can Do Well In
  • AP Chinese Language.
  • AP Spanish Language.
  • AP Art Studio Drawing.
  • AP Art Studio 2D.
  • AP Calculus BC.
  • AP Japanese Language.
  • AP French Language.
  • AP Physics C: Mechanics.
8 Oct 2020

What AP test has the lowest pass rate? ›

AP Physics 1

Physics 1 has the lowest pass rate of any AP exam (42.1%) along with one of the lowest percentages of students scoring a 5 (just 6.9%). Physics 1 is an algebra-based physics class that explores topics such as Newtonian mechanics, simple circuits, and mechanical waves.

Is 5 APs too much? ›

You can definitely take 5 APs, but just make sure to stay on top of your work and spend a good amount of time studying to make sure you know the material.

Can you get a zero on AP exam? ›

AP tests are scored on a scale of 0-5, with 5 being the highest score you could get. Most schools will give credit for scores of 4 or 5, and some even accept the occasional 3.

Is a 2 on an AP exam passing? ›

Students can score a 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 on the AP Exam, and a 3 is considered passing. Post-secondary institutions that offer college credit for AP Exam scores typically begin offering credit to students with a score of 3 or higher.

What happens if you fail AP Human Geography? ›

Basically, nothing happens if you fail an AP exam. Whether you get a passing or failing AP exam grade, you can still go to college. Colleges do not take a look at the AP exam as the only a criterion for accepting or rejecting a student.

How many AP classes should I take for Harvard? ›

Going up the selectivity chain, the average at Harvard is eight AP classes. To be competitive at some of the most highly selective colleges in the country, 8-12 AP courses may be the sweet spot amount, assuming the student can handle that level of rigor.

Are APS harder than college classes? ›

In general, there is a lot of material to cover in AP classes, so they tend to be more challenging than regular classes—especially courses like AP Calculus, AP Biology, AP Physics, US and World History, and English. These are all much harder than their regular or honors equivalents.

What is the most popular AP class? ›

AP English Language and Composition is by far the most popular AP test, with over half a million students taking the exam in 2021.

Are AP tests curved? ›

The grades on an AP exam do not follow the typical 0 to 100 or letter grading scales. Instead, students are given grades between one and five, with five being the highest. The College Board, the organization that creates, distributes, administers, and grades all AP exams, uses a bell curve for good reason.

What happens if you fail an AP exam? ›

What happens if you fail an AP exam? If you fail an AP exam, you will not receive college credit for that course. The good news is that a failed exam does not affect your GPA. In addition, you can retake the AP exam the next year.

Do colleges look at AP scores? ›

Yes! It's important to remember that AP scores are not only part of the college admissions process; they can also be valuable once you get to college.

How many APS should I take senior year? ›

Aim for four to eight AP exams in your junior and senior years. For competitive Ivy League schools, admission officers also want to see AP courses for core subject areas and additional courses. If possible, aim to pass about seven to 12 AP exams if applying to these highly selective schools.

Is self studying AP worth it? ›

Yes! Studying on your own for an AP exam is a viable course of action if it doesn't make sense to take the course, and it is definitely possible to earn a 5. You just need to choose the exam wisely, make sure you are diligent about studying, and use high-quality and relevant study material.

What are the longest AP exams? ›

So, How Long Are AP Exams?
  • Biology: 3 hours.
  • Chemistry: 3 hours 15 minutes.
  • Environmental Science: 3 hours.
  • Physics C: Electricity and Magnetism: 1 hour 30 minutes.
  • Physics C: Mechanics: 1 hour 30 minutes.
  • Physics 1: Algebra-Based: 3 hours.
  • Physics 2: Algebra-Based: 3 hours.
  • Psychology: 2 hours.
13 Nov 2021

Is it easy to self-study AP Human Geography? ›

The Human Geography AP exam is among the APs most commonly taken as a self-study test. Although many students do enroll in the actual class, this particular exam is well-suited to self-studying due to its heavy emphasis on vocabulary and highly specific theory.

Can you self-study AP Human Geography? ›

AP Human Geography

Much of the content is also covered in high school history classes. This means your self-study plan should largely focus on memorization. Human Geography is a shorter AP exam at just over two hours long. To prepare, you'll need to memorize various facts, maps, and dates related to geography.

How do you pass human geography? ›

AP Human Geography Exam Tips
  1. Plan your responses before you start writing. Don't start to write immediately; that can lead to a string of disconnected, poorly planned thoughts. ...
  2. Integrate evidence into your response. ...
  3. Elaborate on the evidence. ...
  4. Practice!

Does Harvard accept AP Human Geography? ›

Harvard confers 4 or 8 credits for eac eligible AP exam depending on whether the exam covers one semester or one full year's worth of material.
...
Advanced Placement Exams.
EXAMAP SCOREHARVARD CREDIT
AP Human Geography50
AP Macroeconomics54
AP Microeconomics54
AP Psychology54
39 more rows

Does APS self-study look good? ›

Don't try to self-study for AP exams, as extra scores are not seen as a good use of your time in most cases. Even a couple of extra 5s won't help you stand out. It would be far better to use that time to make an impact in your community.

How long does it take to study for AP Human Geography? ›

It should take approximately eight hours to study for the AP Human Geography exam. Of course, you can always extend the time you spend reviewing content if you're rusty on a bunch of different topics or just want to be extra thorough.

Can you retake AP Exams? ›

AP Exams are only given once a year, but you may repeat an exam in a subsequent year. If you do, both scores will be reported unless you request that one be withheld or canceled.

Can I take an AP exam without taking the class? ›

The College Board

Yes. We recommend taking the AP course before taking an AP Exam—but it's not required. We want to be sure homeschooled students and students in schools that don't offer AP can take AP Exams.

Is AP Human Geography time consuming? ›

Is AP Human Geography Time Consuming To Study: As Rated By AP Geography Alumnae. AP Geography is rated as quite low study time required relative to other AP classes.

Which AP test has the lowest pass rate? ›

AP Physics 1

Physics 1 has the lowest pass rate of any AP exam (42.1%) along with one of the lowest percentages of students scoring a 5 (just 6.9%). Physics 1 is an algebra-based physics class that explores topics such as Newtonian mechanics, simple circuits, and mechanical waves.

Is 5 APs too much? ›

You can definitely take 5 APs, but just make sure to stay on top of your work and spend a good amount of time studying to make sure you know the material.

How many AP classes should I take for Harvard? ›

Going up the selectivity chain, the average at Harvard is eight AP classes. To be competitive at some of the most highly selective colleges in the country, 8-12 AP courses may be the sweet spot amount, assuming the student can handle that level of rigor.

Does AP Human Geography count as a college credit? ›

When it comes to AP® Human Geography, you'll want to aim for a score of 3 or higher. Most colleges will give you college credit if you score within that range.

How do I study for APHG 2022? ›

How should I prepare for the exam?
  1. First, download the AP Human Geography Cram Chart PDF - a single sheet that covers everything you need to know at a high level. ...
  2. Review every unit and question type, and focus on the areas that need the most improvement and practice.
9 May 2022

How do you beat frq in AP Human Geography? ›

How to Answer AP Human Geography FRQs: 4-Step Guide
  1. Step 1: Read the Introductory Statement. Before you start in on the first part of the question, be sure to read the short introductory blurb. ...
  2. Step 2: Identify the Task Verb (and Understand What It Means) ...
  3. Step 3: Reread and Double-Check Your Answer. ...
  4. Step 4: Pace Yourself.
15 Apr 2022

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