AP human geography: Unit 1 - Flashcards | StudyHippo.com (2022)

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AP human geography: Unit 1 - Flashcards | StudyHippo.com (1) Paulina Ratliff

7 July 2022

question

absolute location

answer

position of an object on the global grid (latitude/longitude)

question

anglocentric

answer

focused on the English culture

question

azimuthal projection

answer

map that maintains direction, but distorts other properties

question

cardinal directions

answer

North, South, East and West

question

cartogram

answer

map that uses proportionality to show a particular variable

question

cartography

answer

process of mapmaking

question

choropleth thematic map

answer

map that shows a pattern of a variable by using various colors/degrees of shading

question

cognitive map

answer

map drawn from memory

question

conformal projection

answer

map that maintains shape but distorts other properties

question

cultural ecology

answer

study of human-environment interaction

question

data aggregation

answer

size of geographic units being represented on a map

question

distance decay

answer

pattern in which the interaction between two places declines as the distance between the two places increases

question

distortion

answer

necessary error resulting from trying to portray the earth on a flat map

question

dot density map

answer

thematic map that uses dots to represent the frequency of a variable

question

equal-are projection

answer

map that maintains area, but distorts other properties

question

equidistant projection

answer

map that maintains distance, but distorts other properties

question

formal region

answer

region composed of areas that have a common cultural/physical feature

question

4 main properties of a map

answer

shape (geometric shapes) size (space taken up) distance (represented distance between 2 points) direction (degree of accuracy with cardinal directions)

question

friction of distance

answer

degree to which distance interferes with some interaction

question

functional region

answer

group of places linked together by some influence (from a central place)

question

geographic information system (GIS)

answer

computer program that stores geographic data and produces map to show the data

question

geographic model

(Video) how to self study ap human geography (and get a 5)

answer

simplified version of what is on the earth

question

global positioning system (GPS)

answer

system of satellites used to determine exact location on the earth

question

great circles

answer

cicles formed on the surface of the earth by plane routes. (the arc is the shortest distance between 2 points)

question

greenwich mean time (GMT)

answer

baseline for time zones around the world

question

human-environment interaction

answer

human's impact on the environment and the environment's impact on humans

question

human geography

answer

branch of geography studying the reason behind the location/interactions of humans on the earth

question

intermediate directions

answer

northwest, southwest, northeast, southeast

question

isoline thematic map

answer

map displaying lines that connect points of equal value

question

lines of latitude

answer

north-south from equator

question

lines of longitude

answer

east-west of prime meridian

question

map

answer

2-D model of the earth

question

map scale

answer

relationship between distance on the map and the actual measurement in the real world

question

mercator projection

answer

map showing shapes but drastically distorting size

question

movement

answer

movement on the face of the earth of things

question

node

answer

place from where diffusion of something happens

question

perceptual region

answer

region whose boundaries are determined by beliefs

question

gall-peters projection

answer

shows size, but not shape

question

physical geography

answer

branch of geography that has to do with things of the earth (soil/climate/plants/etc.)

question

place

answer

physical/cultural attributes that give each location on the earth its individual "stamp"

question

5 themes of geography

answer

location (where something is) human-environment interaction (humans-environment) region (spatial units that share some characteristics) place(the attributes of a spot) movement (how things move)

question

primary data

answer

data collected directly from someone

question

proportional-symbol thematic map

answer

map that uses a symbol to display the frequency of a variable

question

reference map

answer

map showing common features

question

region

answer

places having similar characteristics

question

(Video) How I Got a 5 on the AP Human Geography Exam | Guaranteed and Easy Ways to Get a 5 on the APHG Exam

relative directions

answer

common directions (up, down, left, right)

question

relative location

answer

location of a place/object in relation to other places/objects

question

remote sensing

answer

technique of obtaining information about objects through the study of data collected by special instruments that are not in physical contact with the objects being analyzed

question

robinson projection

answer

map with slight distortions to all four properties, not just one

question

secondary data

answer

data gathered from someone who got it from the geographer

question

sense of place

answer

person's perception of that place

question

simplification

answer

cartographers process of eliminating unnecessary details on a map

question

site

answer

internal physical/cultural characteristics of a place

question

situation

answer

location of a place relative to the physical/cultural characteristics around it

question

space-time compression

answer

increasing sense of accessibility and connectivity that seems to be bringing humans in distance places closer together

question

spatial interaction

answer

process in which goods, ideas, information and people move among places

question

spatial perspective

answer

outlook through which geographers identify, explain and predict the human/physical patterns in space and the interconnectedness of different spaces

question

thematic map

answer

map that zeroes in on one feature

1 of

Unlock all answers in this set

Unlock answers

question

absolute location

answer

position of an object on the global grid (latitude/longitude)

question

anglocentric

answer

focused on the English culture

question

azimuthal projection

answer

map that maintains direction, but distorts other properties

question

cardinal directions

answer

North, South, East and West

question

cartogram

answer

map that uses proportionality to show a particular variable

question

cartography

answer

process of mapmaking

question

choropleth thematic map

answer

map that shows a pattern of a variable by using various colors/degrees of shading

question

cognitive map

answer

map drawn from memory

question

conformal projection

answer

map that maintains shape but distorts other properties

question

cultural ecology

answer

study of human-environment interaction

question

(Video) AP Human Geography Unit 2 Review [Population & Migration Patterns & Processes]

data aggregation

answer

size of geographic units being represented on a map

question

distance decay

answer

pattern in which the interaction between two places declines as the distance between the two places increases

question

distortion

answer

necessary error resulting from trying to portray the earth on a flat map

question

dot density map

answer

thematic map that uses dots to represent the frequency of a variable

question

equal-are projection

answer

map that maintains area, but distorts other properties

question

equidistant projection

answer

map that maintains distance, but distorts other properties

question

formal region

answer

region composed of areas that have a common cultural/physical feature

question

4 main properties of a map

answer

shape (geometric shapes) size (space taken up) distance (represented distance between 2 points) direction (degree of accuracy with cardinal directions)

question

friction of distance

answer

degree to which distance interferes with some interaction

question

functional region

answer

group of places linked together by some influence (from a central place)

question

geographic information system (GIS)

answer

computer program that stores geographic data and produces map to show the data

question

geographic model

answer

simplified version of what is on the earth

question

global positioning system (GPS)

answer

system of satellites used to determine exact location on the earth

question

great circles

answer

cicles formed on the surface of the earth by plane routes. (the arc is the shortest distance between 2 points)

question

greenwich mean time (GMT)

answer

baseline for time zones around the world

question

human-environment interaction

answer

human's impact on the environment and the environment's impact on humans

question

human geography

answer

branch of geography studying the reason behind the location/interactions of humans on the earth

question

intermediate directions

answer

northwest, southwest, northeast, southeast

question

isoline thematic map

answer

map displaying lines that connect points of equal value

question

lines of latitude

answer

north-south from equator

question

lines of longitude

answer

east-west of prime meridian

question

map

answer

2-D model of the earth

question

map scale

answer

relationship between distance on the map and the actual measurement in the real world

question

mercator projection

answer

map showing shapes but drastically distorting size

question

movement

(Video) 2022 AP Human Geography Study Session

answer

movement on the face of the earth of things

question

node

answer

place from where diffusion of something happens

question

perceptual region

answer

region whose boundaries are determined by beliefs

question

gall-peters projection

answer

shows size, but not shape

question

physical geography

answer

branch of geography that has to do with things of the earth (soil/climate/plants/etc.)

question

place

answer

physical/cultural attributes that give each location on the earth its individual "stamp"

question

5 themes of geography

answer

location (where something is) human-environment interaction (humans-environment) region (spatial units that share some characteristics) place(the attributes of a spot) movement (how things move)

question

primary data

answer

data collected directly from someone

question

proportional-symbol thematic map

answer

map that uses a symbol to display the frequency of a variable

question

reference map

answer

map showing common features

question

region

answer

places having similar characteristics

question

relative directions

answer

common directions (up, down, left, right)

question

relative location

answer

location of a place/object in relation to other places/objects

question

remote sensing

answer

technique of obtaining information about objects through the study of data collected by special instruments that are not in physical contact with the objects being analyzed

question

robinson projection

answer

map with slight distortions to all four properties, not just one

question

secondary data

answer

data gathered from someone who got it from the geographer

question

sense of place

answer

person's perception of that place

question

simplification

answer

cartographers process of eliminating unnecessary details on a map

question

site

answer

internal physical/cultural characteristics of a place

question

situation

answer

location of a place relative to the physical/cultural characteristics around it

question

space-time compression

answer

increasing sense of accessibility and connectivity that seems to be bringing humans in distance places closer together

question

spatial interaction

answer

process in which goods, ideas, information and people move among places

question

spatial perspective

answer

outlook through which geographers identify, explain and predict the human/physical patterns in space and the interconnectedness of different spaces

question

thematic map

answer

map that zeroes in on one feature

(Video) How to Study for AP Human Geography: 9 Tips to Get a 5 in 2022 | Albert

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AP human geography: Unit 1 - Flashcards | StudyHippo.com (2)

FAQs

How many questions do I need to get right on the AP Human Geography exam? ›

The AP® Human Geography score calculator from Albert reveals that you need to get 30 of the 60 multiple-choice questions right and be awarded a minimum of half of the possible points in the free-response section in order to pass the exam.

How many free-response questions will a student write on the APHG exam? ›

In addition to the 60 multiple-choice questions, the AP® Human Geography exam also consists of three Free Response questions, which make up 50% of a student's score.

Is the AP Human Geography exam easy? ›

AP Human Geography is widely recommended as an introductory-level AP course. Students tend to regard the course content as "easy," while the exam is difficult. Historically, the majority of students earn the lowest possible score on this exam.

How do you get a 5 on AP Human Geography exam? ›

How to Get a 5 on the AP Human Geography Exam
  1. Learn the Models & the Inventors. I can't emphasize how important it is to know the models. ...
  2. Know the Vocabulary Inside & Out. ...
  3. Learn Where Each Country Is Located on a Map. ...
  4. Make a Current Events Journal.

What percentage is a 5 on APHG? ›

Make sure to note that since there is a curve, a 5 can be difficult to achieve. The curve is designed to give the majority of students a score of 3, which is why in 2016, only 12% of test takers received a 5.

How many people got a 5 on AP Human Geography? ›

AP Score Distributions
Exam54
AP Human Geography14.4%19.7%
AP Macroeconomics18.0%19.6%
AP Microeconomics18.5%24.0%
AP Psychology14.1%21.2%
5 more rows

What's the easiest AP test? ›

The five easiest exams for self-study are as follows:
  • AP Environmental Science.
  • AP Human Geography.
  • AP Psychology.
  • AP US Government and Politics.
  • AP Comparative Government and Politics.
21 Feb 2021

Is the APHG exam hard? ›

AP Human Geography is typically not a difficult AP class or exam. Students who take the AP Human Geography exam have a 59% chance of getting a 3 or higher, which is passing for many colleges. Former AP Human Geography students have enjoyed the class because it is was not too difficult.

What is the most difficult AP exam? ›

Top 10 Hardest AP Classes by Exam Pass Rate
AP Class/ExamPass Rate (3+)Perfect Score (5)
1. Physics 151.6%8.8%
2. Environmental Science53.4%11.9%
3. Chemistry56.1%10.6%
4. U.S. Government and Politics57.5%15.5%
6 more rows

What is the pass rate for AP Human Geography? ›

AP Human Geography Pass Rate / Score Distribution Over Time: 2021, 2020, 2019… The AP Geography score distribution has fluctuated slightly over the past 5 years of exams. 2018 and 2020 saw an increased pass rate compared to the surrounding years, with 2020 having the highest pass rate of 58%.

What happens if you fail an AP exam? ›

What happens if you fail an AP exam? If you fail an AP exam, you will not receive college credit for that course. The good news is that a failed exam does not affect your GPA. In addition, you can retake the AP exam the next year.

Should I take an AP class in 9th grade? ›

Students can take AP courses and exams as early as 9th grade, but this is rarely recommended. Certain AP subjects, such as European History and World History, are great choices for 10th graders, but most AP classes are best suited to high school juniors and seniors.

How long does it take to study for AP Human Geography? ›

It should take approximately eight hours to study for the AP Human Geography exam. Of course, you can always extend the time you spend reviewing content if you're rusty on a bunch of different topics or just want to be extra thorough.

Is a 2 on AP test passing? ›

Students can score a 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 on the AP Exam, and a 3 is considered passing. Post-secondary institutions that offer college credit for AP Exam scores typically begin offering credit to students with a score of 3 or higher.

Do Colleges look at AP scores? ›

Will Colleges Look at AP Scores for Admissions? Typically, AP scores don't go on your college application. Because they don't count towards your GPA or become a part of your transcript, there isn't actually any place on the application where they are required.

Are AP Exams graded on a curve? ›

are some AP test curved? Specially is the AP gov test curved? No AP exams are scored on a curve, ever. On published exams, cut off scores for each grade varied from year to year based on question difficulty.

What AP Exam has the lowest pass rate? ›

AP Physics 1

Despite a reputation as one of the most difficult AP classes, Physics 1 is also one of the most popular—137,229 students took it in 2021. Physics 1 has the lowest pass rate of any AP exam (42.1%) along with one of the lowest percentages of students scoring a 5 (just 6.9%).

What is a 3 on an AP Exam equivalent to? ›

AP® Score of 3

The College Board designates a 3 to be “qualified”. That means that you understood and executed the material to the point that you could pass the college class. While you did not receive the highest grade in the class, you did pass. Because of this, many state colleges will accept a 3.

Is a 3 good on AP Exam? ›

In most cases, a 3 or higher is considered a solid AP score. But you can get an even better idea of how good your AP score is by comparing it to the average score for that test that year. For example, the average score for AP Biology was 2.83 in 2021. Anything higher would be considered above average for that test.

Is 4 APS too much? ›

Unless you're applying to the most selective universities, 4 to 5 AP courses over your high school years is more than enough. For students applying to the most selective colleges, you might need 7–12. But even so, taking 4 AP courses in a year can be extremely challenging.

How many AP classes should I take for Harvard? ›

Going up the selectivity chain, the average at Harvard is eight AP classes. To be competitive at some of the most highly selective colleges in the country, 8-12 AP courses may be the sweet spot amount, assuming the student can handle that level of rigor.

What AP test has the highest pass rate? ›

Chinese,Calculus BC, Japanese, Drawing, and Physics C: Electricity and Magnetism are the AP tests with the highest average scores, but they are all known to be quite difficult.

Is self studying AP worth it? ›

The Truth.

Not the AP exam scores. Hence, self-studying for additional subjects is irrelevant because it isn't the same as taking a class and earning semester grades in it. Secondly, self-studying for AP exams beyond what was offered is often viewed as manipulative, try-hard, and contrived.

How many APS should I take senior year? ›

Aim for four to eight AP exams in your junior and senior years. For competitive Ivy League schools, admission officers also want to see AP courses for core subject areas and additional courses. If possible, aim to pass about seven to 12 AP exams if applying to these highly selective schools.

Can you retake AP exams? ›

AP Exams are only given once a year, but you may repeat an exam in a subsequent year. If you do, both scores will be reported unless you request that one be withheld or canceled.

Should freshmen take AP Human Geography? ›

The idea of an AP class can be alarming for freshmen, but I highly recommend it. This is definitely the class to choose if your student wants to include other AP courses down the road in his/her high school career. This course will introduce them to AP-level timed multiple choice, writing, and study habits.

Do colleges give credit for AP Human Geography? ›

When it comes to AP® Human Geography, you'll want to aim for a score of 3 or higher. Most colleges will give you college credit if you score within that range.

How do you pass the AP Human Geography test? ›

AP Human Geography Exam Tips
  1. Plan your responses before you start writing. Don't start to write immediately; that can lead to a string of disconnected, poorly planned thoughts. ...
  2. Integrate evidence into your response. ...
  3. Elaborate on the evidence. ...
  4. Practice!

Which AP test is the longest? ›

How Long Are AP Exams?
ExamDuration
AP Statistics3 hours
AP United States Government and Politics3 hours
AP United States History3 hours, 15 minutes
AP World History: Modern3 hours, 15 minutes
29 more rows
26 Jan 2020

How many APS should I take junior year? ›

Junior Year

Depending on what kind of school you want to go to, you should be taking between 3 and 5 AP® classes this year. You will need to manage your time well, however, as you also need to study for the SAT® or ACT® during this time.

Are late AP exams harder? ›

Is the late AP exam difficult? No, it is set according to the same curriculum, it is just a different set of questions than the first exam. The late AP exam questions are different from the first test for security reasons.

Is a 4 good on AP Exam? ›

A 4 or a 5 is the AP score that will most likely earn you college AP credit. Of course, no matter how you do on the AP test, you still get a grade for that AP class from your high school. Good grades in AP courses always look good on your transcript!

What percentage do you need to get a 4 on an AP Exam? ›

Thing. Here are the basics of the AP English exam: it has 55 multiple-choice questions, worth 45% of your score, and three essays, worth 55% of your score.
...
Step 3: Use the Chart to Estimate Your Scaled Score.
Composite Score (0-100 or 0-150)Scaled Score (1-5)
92-1034
76-913
50-752
0-491
1 more row
21 Mar 2020

Is APUSH or AP World harder? ›

Because of the emphasis placed on details in US History, most people would say that AP US History (or APUSH) is harder than AP World History, but in reality, it depends on your skillset.

Does failing an AP exam affect GPA? ›

Do AP scores matter? AP scores won't affect your high school GPA or your chances of college admission.

Can AP scores hurt you? ›

If you're struggling with an AP course or not doing quite as well as you like, there's no doubt you were wondering if AP scores affect admission. Thankfully, you don't have to worry. It's still absolutely beneficial to do well on the exam, but it won't hurt your chances of admission.

Is a 2 failing AP? ›

A 3, 4, or 5 is considered passing AP score.

If you receive a 1 or 2, this is a “failing” AP score. While a 3 is considered passing AP score, you are more likely to receive college credit at a wider range of institutions if you score a 4 or 5, and you are most likely to receive credit if you earn a 5.

What is the most difficult AP exam? ›

Top 10 Hardest AP Classes by Exam Pass Rate
AP Class/ExamPass Rate (3+)Perfect Score (5)
1. Physics 151.6%8.8%
2. Environmental Science53.4%11.9%
3. Chemistry56.1%10.6%
4. U.S. Government and Politics57.5%15.5%
6 more rows

What's the easiest AP test? ›

The five easiest exams for self-study are as follows:
  • AP Environmental Science.
  • AP Human Geography.
  • AP Psychology.
  • AP US Government and Politics.
  • AP Comparative Government and Politics.
21 Feb 2021

How do you pass the AP Human Geography exam? ›

AP Human Geography Exam Tips
  1. Plan your responses before you start writing. Don't start to write immediately; that can lead to a string of disconnected, poorly planned thoughts. ...
  2. Integrate evidence into your response. ...
  3. Elaborate on the evidence. ...
  4. Practice!

Which AP test has the lowest pass rate? ›

Despite a reputation as one of the most difficult AP classes, Physics 1 is also one of the most popular—137,229 students took it in 2021. Physics 1 has the lowest pass rate of any AP exam (42.1%) along with one of the lowest percentages of students scoring a 5 (just 6.9%).

Is 4 APS too much? ›

Unless you're applying to the most selective universities, 4 to 5 AP courses over your high school years is more than enough. For students applying to the most selective colleges, you might need 7–12. But even so, taking 4 AP courses in a year can be extremely challenging.

What is a 3 on an AP exam equivalent to? ›

AP® Score of 3

The College Board designates a 3 to be “qualified”. That means that you understood and executed the material to the point that you could pass the college class. While you did not receive the highest grade in the class, you did pass. Because of this, many state colleges will accept a 3.

How many AP classes should I take for Harvard? ›

Going up the selectivity chain, the average at Harvard is eight AP classes. To be competitive at some of the most highly selective colleges in the country, 8-12 AP courses may be the sweet spot amount, assuming the student can handle that level of rigor.

What happens if you fail an AP exam? ›

What happens if you fail an AP exam? If you fail an AP exam, you will not receive college credit for that course. The good news is that a failed exam does not affect your GPA. In addition, you can retake the AP exam the next year.

Do colleges care about AP scores? ›

Yes! It's important to remember that AP scores are not only part of the college admissions process; they can also be valuable once you get to college. Policies vary quite widely in terms of which colleges grant credit for which tests.

How long does it take to study for AP Human Geography? ›

It should take approximately eight hours to study for the AP Human Geography exam. Of course, you can always extend the time you spend reviewing content if you're rusty on a bunch of different topics or just want to be extra thorough.

Should I take AP Human Geography as a freshman? ›

The idea of an AP class can be alarming for freshmen, but I highly recommend it. This is definitely the class to choose if your student wants to include other AP courses down the road in his/her high school career. This course will introduce them to AP-level timed multiple choice, writing, and study habits.

Can you retake an AP exam? ›

AP Exams are only given once a year, but you may repeat an exam in a subsequent year. If you do, both scores will be reported unless you request that one be withheld or canceled.

What AP test has the highest pass rate? ›

Chinese,Calculus BC, Japanese, Drawing, and Physics C: Electricity and Magnetism are the AP tests with the highest average scores, but they are all known to be quite difficult.

What is the most popular AP class? ›

AP English Language and Composition is by far the most popular AP test, with over half a million students taking the exam in 2021.

How many APS should I take senior year? ›

Aim for four to eight AP exams in your junior and senior years. For competitive Ivy League schools, admission officers also want to see AP courses for core subject areas and additional courses. If possible, aim to pass about seven to 12 AP exams if applying to these highly selective schools.

Videos

1. Chapter 2 Key Issue 2 - Population - AP Human Geography
(Andrew Christjoy Instructor)
2. 0.1 - Note Taking and Map Analysis
(Dan Snyder)
3. How to Get a 5 on the AP Human Geography Exam
(Zachary McCormick)
4. Hardest AP Exams by Pass Rate! #shorts
(Hayden Rhodea)
5. AP Human Geography Vocabulary Montage
(Nakib Abedin)
6. AP Human Geography| my experience, advice and tips
(missannagrace)

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