AP Human Geography Unit 3 Test - Flashcards | StudyHippo.com (2022)

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AP Human Geography Unit 3 Test - Flashcards | StudyHippo.com (1) Blake Terry

7 July 2022

question

Vulgar Latin

answer

One of two types of Latin from which the Romance languages developed.

question

Standard Language

answer

The main language of a country.

question

British Revised Pronunciation

answer

The dialect of English associated with upper-class Britons living in London and now considered standard.

question

Creole (Creolized language)

answer

A language that results from the mixing of a colonizer's language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated.

question

Custom

answer

The frequent repetition of an act, to the extent that it becomes characteristic of the people or group performing the act.

question

Denglish

answer

Combination of German and English

question

Dialect

answer

Regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation.

question

Ebonics

answer

Dialect spoken by some African-Americans.

question

Extinct Language

answer

A language that was once used by people in activities but is no longer used.

question

Folk Culture

answer

Culture traditionally practiced by a small, homogenous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups.

question

Franglais

answer

A term used by the French for English words that have entered the French language; a combination of French and English.

question

Habit

answer

A repetitive act performed by a particular individual.

question

Ideograms

answer

The system of writing used in China and other East Asian countries in which each symbol represents an idea or concept rather than a specific sound, as is the case with letters in English.

question

Isogloss

answer

A boundary that separates regions in which different language uses predominate.

question

Isolated Language

answer

A language that is unrelated to any other languages, and is therefore not attached to any language family.

question

Language

answer

A system of communication through the use of speech, a collection of sounds understood by a group of people to have the same meaning.

question

Language Branch

answer

A collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago. Differences are not as old or extensive as with language families, and archaeological evidence can confirm that the branches derived from the same family.

question

Language Family

answer

A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor that existed long before recorded history.

question

Language Group

answer

A collection of languages within a branch that share an origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary.

question

Lingua Franca

answer

A language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages.

question

Literary Tradition

answer

A language that is written as well as spoken.

question

Official Language

answer

The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents.

question

Pidgin Language

answer

A form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a lingua franca, used for communication among speaker of two different languages.

question

What is culture?

answer

This is the body of customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits that together constitute the distinct tradition of a group of people.

question

What's the difference between material and non-material?

answer

One is things you can touch, and the other is things you can't touch.

question

How many types of material culture are there and what are their names?

answer

There are two of these. Their names are folk and popular.

question

Describe popular culture.

answer

This is large, unconnected (worldwide), heterogenous, and urban.

question

Describe folk culture.

answer

This is small, isolated, homogenous, rural.

question

What are the general origins of a folk culture?

answer

This has an anonymous hearth, an anonymous source, and unknown dates of origin.

question

What are the general origins of a popular culture?

answer

This has MDCs (N.A., Western Europe, Japan), industrial technology, and increased leisure time.

question

Describe folk music.

answer

This kind of music tells a story, talks about daily events or activities, and is personal in nature.

question

Describe popular music.

answer

This kind of music can be about any topic, is made for money, and is technical in nature.

question

How is folk culture diffused?

answer

This is slow-moving, small-scale, mainly through relocation diffusion.

question

How is popular culture diffused?

answer

This is fast-moving, large-scale, mainly hierarchically diffused.

question

Many countries designate at least one of these.

answer

Official language

question

How many people claim English as their first language?

answer

328 million people

question

How many people fluently speak English as a second language?

answer

700 million

question

In how many countries is English an official language?

answer

57 countries.

question

How many people live in a country where English is the official language but cannot speak it?

answer

2 billion.

question

What language is the most widespread?

answer

English

question

How did English diffuse to other countries?

answer

This diffused by colonization and migration of the native speakers.

question

What are the roots of simple English words?

answer

These have Germanic roots.

question

What are the roots of more complex English words?

answer

These come from French invaders (Normans)

question

What does a dialect reflect?

answer

This reflects features of the environment in which people live.

question

In what regions of the U.S. are dialects most noticeable?

answer

In the East, South, and Upper Midwest.

question

What are the nine language-family classifications?

answer

These are Indo-European, Sino-Tibetan, Afro-Asiatic, Austronesia, Niger-Congo, Dravidian, Altaic, Austro-ASiatic, and Japanese.

question

How much of the population speaks Indo-European languages?

answer

46%

question

How many branches of the Indo-European language family are there?

answer

Germanic, Indo-Iranian (Hindi), Balto-Slavic (East-Russian, West-Polish and Czech), and Romance.

question

How much of the population speaks Sino-Tibetan languages?

answer

21%

question

Where are Sino-Tibetan languages spoken?

answer

These are spoken mainly in China.

question

Where are most Afro-Asiatic languages spoken?

answer

These are spoken mostly in the Middle East.

question

How much of the population speaks Austronesian languages?

answer

6%

question

Where are most Austronesian languages spoken?

answer

These are spoken mostly in Southeast Asia.

question

How much of the population speaks Niger-Congo languages?

answer

6%

question

Where are most Niger-Congo languages spoken?

answer

These are spoken mostly in Africa.

question

How much of the population speaks Dravidian languages?

answer

2%

question

Where are most Dravidian languages spoken?

answer

These are spoken mostly in India.

question

How much of the population speaks Altaic languages?

answer

2%

question

Where are most Altaic langauges spoken?

answer

These are spoken mainly in Asia.

question

How much of the population speaks Austro-Asiatic languages?

answer

2%

question

Where are most Austro-Asiatic languages spoken?

answer

Mainly Southeast Asia.

question

How much of the population speaks Japanese?

answer

2%

question

The remaining 5% of the population speaks what?

answer

This remainder speaks a language belonging to one of 100 smaller families.

question

Why do languages become extinct?

answer

This is often due to political and military strength of speakers.

question

How many languages are considered near-extinction?

answer

473 are considered near-extinction.

question

What is a multilingual state?

answer

This is the presence of more than one official language within a country.

question

What is the purpose of a multilingual state?

answer

The purpose of this is to help preserve language identities.

question

What is a major drawback to a multilingual state?

answer

A major drawback of this is that it can cause conflict.

question

What is an isolated language?

answer

This is a language unrelated to any other language and therefore not attached to a language family.

question

What is a short way to define a lingua franca?

answer

This can be shortly defined as the "language of business."

question

What is the premiere lingua franca in the world?

answer

English is the premiere one of this in the world.

question

What is the lingua franca in East Africa?

answer

Swahili is this in East Africa.

question

What is the lingua franca in South Asia?

answer

Hindi is this in South Asia.

question

What is the lingua franca in Southeast Asia?

answer

Indonesian is this is Southeast Asia.

question

What is expansion diffusion?

answer

This is the snowballing of an idea rather than relocation of people.

question

What aides expansion diffusion?

answer

Technology aides this.

question

What are three English combination languages?

answer

Franglais, Spanglish, and Denglish are examples of this.

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question

Vulgar Latin

answer

One of two types of Latin from which the Romance languages developed.

question

Standard Language

answer

The main language of a country.

question

British Revised Pronunciation

answer

The dialect of English associated with upper-class Britons living in London and now considered standard.

question

Creole (Creolized language)

answer

A language that results from the mixing of a colonizer's language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated.

question

Custom

answer

The frequent repetition of an act, to the extent that it becomes characteristic of the people or group performing the act.

question

Denglish

answer

Combination of German and English

question

Dialect

answer

Regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation.

question

Ebonics

answer

Dialect spoken by some African-Americans.

question

Extinct Language

answer

A language that was once used by people in activities but is no longer used.

question

Folk Culture

answer

Culture traditionally practiced by a small, homogenous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups.

question

Franglais

answer

A term used by the French for English words that have entered the French language; a combination of French and English.

question

Habit

answer

A repetitive act performed by a particular individual.

question

Ideograms

answer

The system of writing used in China and other East Asian countries in which each symbol represents an idea or concept rather than a specific sound, as is the case with letters in English.

question

Isogloss

answer

A boundary that separates regions in which different language uses predominate.

question

Isolated Language

answer

A language that is unrelated to any other languages, and is therefore not attached to any language family.

question

Language

answer

A system of communication through the use of speech, a collection of sounds understood by a group of people to have the same meaning.

question

Language Branch

answer

A collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago. Differences are not as old or extensive as with language families, and archaeological evidence can confirm that the branches derived from the same family.

question

Language Family

answer

A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor that existed long before recorded history.

question

Language Group

answer

A collection of languages within a branch that share an origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary.

question

Lingua Franca

answer

A language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages.

question

Literary Tradition

answer

A language that is written as well as spoken.

question

Official Language

answer

The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents.

question

Pidgin Language

answer

A form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a lingua franca, used for communication among speaker of two different languages.

question

What is culture?

answer

This is the body of customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits that together constitute the distinct tradition of a group of people.

question

What's the difference between material and non-material?

answer

One is things you can touch, and the other is things you can't touch.

question

How many types of material culture are there and what are their names?

answer

There are two of these. Their names are folk and popular.

question

Describe popular culture.

answer

This is large, unconnected (worldwide), heterogenous, and urban.

question

Describe folk culture.

answer

This is small, isolated, homogenous, rural.

question

What are the general origins of a folk culture?

answer

This has an anonymous hearth, an anonymous source, and unknown dates of origin.

question

What are the general origins of a popular culture?

answer

This has MDCs (N.A., Western Europe, Japan), industrial technology, and increased leisure time.

question

Describe folk music.

answer

This kind of music tells a story, talks about daily events or activities, and is personal in nature.

question

Describe popular music.

answer

This kind of music can be about any topic, is made for money, and is technical in nature.

question

How is folk culture diffused?

answer

This is slow-moving, small-scale, mainly through relocation diffusion.

question

How is popular culture diffused?

answer

This is fast-moving, large-scale, mainly hierarchically diffused.

question

Many countries designate at least one of these.

answer

Official language

question

How many people claim English as their first language?

answer

328 million people

question

How many people fluently speak English as a second language?

answer

700 million

question

In how many countries is English an official language?

answer

57 countries.

question

How many people live in a country where English is the official language but cannot speak it?

answer

2 billion.

question

What language is the most widespread?

answer

English

question

How did English diffuse to other countries?

answer

This diffused by colonization and migration of the native speakers.

question

What are the roots of simple English words?

answer

These have Germanic roots.

question

What are the roots of more complex English words?

answer

These come from French invaders (Normans)

question

What does a dialect reflect?

answer

This reflects features of the environment in which people live.

question

In what regions of the U.S. are dialects most noticeable?

answer

In the East, South, and Upper Midwest.

question

What are the nine language-family classifications?

answer

These are Indo-European, Sino-Tibetan, Afro-Asiatic, Austronesia, Niger-Congo, Dravidian, Altaic, Austro-ASiatic, and Japanese.

question

How much of the population speaks Indo-European languages?

answer

46%

question

How many branches of the Indo-European language family are there?

answer

Germanic, Indo-Iranian (Hindi), Balto-Slavic (East-Russian, West-Polish and Czech), and Romance.

question

How much of the population speaks Sino-Tibetan languages?

answer

21%

question

Where are Sino-Tibetan languages spoken?

answer

These are spoken mainly in China.

question

How much of the pop6ulation speaks Afro-Asiatic languages?

answer

6%

question

Where are most Afro-Asiatic languages spoken?

answer

These are spoken mostly in the Middle East.

question

How much of the population speaks Austronesian languages?

answer

6%

question

Where are most Austronesian languages spoken?

answer

These are spoken mostly in Southeast Asia.

question

How much of the population speaks Niger-Congo languages?

answer

6%

question

Where are most Niger-Congo languages spoken?

answer

These are spoken mostly in Africa.

question

How much of the population speaks Dravidian languages?

answer

2%

question

Where are most Dravidian languages spoken?

answer

These are spoken mostly in India.

question

How much of the population speaks Altaic languages?

answer

2%

question

Where are most Altaic langauges spoken?

answer

These are spoken mainly in Asia.

question

How much of the population speaks Austro-Asiatic languages?

answer

2%

question

Where are most Austro-Asiatic languages spoken?

answer

Mainly Southeast Asia.

question

How much of the population speaks Japanese?

answer

2%

question

The remaining 5% of the population speaks what?

answer

This remainder speaks a language belonging to one of 100 smaller families.

question

Why do languages become extinct?

answer

This is often due to political and military strength of speakers.

question

How many languages are considered near-extinction?

answer

473 are considered near-extinction.

question

What is a multilingual state?

answer

This is the presence of more than one official language within a country.

question

What is the purpose of a multilingual state?

answer

The purpose of this is to help preserve language identities.

question

What is a major drawback to a multilingual state?

answer

A major drawback of this is that it can cause conflict.

question

What is an isolated language?

answer

This is a language unrelated to any other language and therefore not attached to a language family.

question

What is a short way to define a lingua franca?

answer

This can be shortly defined as the "language of business."

question

What is the premiere lingua franca in the world?

answer

English is the premiere one of this in the world.

question

What is the lingua franca in East Africa?

answer

Swahili is this in East Africa.

question

What is the lingua franca in South Asia?

answer

Hindi is this in South Asia.

question

What is the lingua franca in Southeast Asia?

answer

Indonesian is this is Southeast Asia.

question

What is expansion diffusion?

answer

This is the snowballing of an idea rather than relocation of people.

question

What aides expansion diffusion?

answer

Technology aides this.

question

What are three English combination languages?

answer

Franglais, Spanglish, and Denglish are examples of this.

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