Ap Human Geography Unit 4 Vocab Answers - Flashcards | StudyHippo.com (2022)

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Ap Human Geography Unit 4 Vocab Answers - Flashcards | StudyHippo.com (1) Alicia Bennett

7 July 2022

question

Geopolitics (or Geopolitical)

answer

study of government and its policies as affected by physical geography

question

Organic Theory (Friedrich Ratzel)

answer

the view that states resemble biological organisms with life cycles that include stages of youth, maturity, and old age

question

Sea Power Theory (Alfred T. Mahan)

answer

believed that control of sea lanes would lead to national power; evidenced by european colonial takeover strategies

question

Heartland Theory (Halford MacKinder)

answer

Hypothesis proposed by Halford MacKinder that held that any political power based in the heart of Eurasia could gain enough strength to eventually dominate the world.

question

Rimland Theory (Nicholas Spykman"

answer

Nicholas Spykman's theory that the domination of the coastal fringes of Eurasia would provided the base for world conquest.

question

Domino Theory

answer

the political theory that if one nation comes under Communist control then neighboring nations will also come under Communist control

question

Territory

answer

the geographical area under the jurisdiction of a sovereign state

question

Nation

answer

a politically organized body of people under a single government

question

State

answer

an area organized into a political unit and rules by an established gov't with control over its internal and foreign affairs.

question

Nation-state

answer

a state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality

question

Multi-ethic State

answer

state that contains more than one ethnicity

question

Multinational State

answer

State that contains two or more ethnic groups with traditions of self-determination that agree to coexist peacefully by recognizing each other as distinct nationalities.

question

Race

answer

identity with a group of people descended from a common ancestor

question

Sovereignty

answer

ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states

question

Nationalism

answer

Loyalty and devotion to a particular nationality.

question

Tribalism

answer

a situation in which people feel greater allegiance and loyalty to their own ethnic group than to a state as a whole

question

Centripetal Forces

answer

An attitude that tends to unify people and enhance support for a state

question

Ethnicity

answer

Identity with a group of people that share distinct physical and mental traits as a product of common heredity and cultural traditions.

question

Centrifugal Force

answer

a force that divides people and countries

question

Federal State

answer

An internal organization of a state that allocates most powers to units of local government.

question

Unitary State

answer

An internal organization of a state that places most power in the hands of central government officials

question

Confederation

answer

a joining of several groups for a common purpose

question

International Organization

answer

an alliance of two or more countries seeking cooperation with each other without giving up either's autonomy or self-determination

question

Supranational Organization

answer

A venture involving three or more nation-states involving formal political, economic, and/or cultural cooperation to promote shared objectives. The European Union is one such organization

question

Devolution

answer

the delegation of authority (especially from a central to a regional government)

question

Gerrymandering

answer

Process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power.

question

Microstate (Ministate)

answer

A state that encompasses a very small land area.

question

Compact State

answer

A state in which the distance from the center to any boundary does not vary significantly.

question

Fragmented State

answer

A state that includes several discontinuous pieces of territory.

question

Elongated State

answer

A state with a long, narrow shape.

question

Perforated State

answer

a state that completely surrounds another one

question

Landlocked State

answer

A state that does not have a direct outlet to the sea.

question

Exclave

answer

a part of a country that is separated from the rest of the country and surrounded by foreign territory.

question

Enclave

answer

a distinct region or community enclosed within a larger territory

question

Geometric Boundary

answer

Political boundaries that are defined and delimited by straight lines.

question

Physical-Political Boundary

answer

political boundary that separates territiories according to natural features in the landscpae, such as mountains, rivers or deserts.

question

Cultural-Political Boundary

answer

boundaries that mark breaks in the human landscape based on differences in ethnicity

question

Antecedent Boundary

answer

A boundary that existed before the cultural landscape emerged and stayed in place while people moved in to occupy the surrounding area

question

Subsequent Boundary

answer

A boundary that developed with the evolution of the cultural landscape and is adjusted as the cultural landscape changes...

question

Superimposed Boundary

answer

A political boundary placed by powerful outsiders on a developed human landscape. Usually ignores pre-existing cultural-spatial patterns, such as the border that now divides North and South Korea.

question

Relict Boundary

answer

A political boundary that has ceased to function but the imprint of which can still be detected on the cultural landscape.

question

Frontier

answer

a zone separating two states in which neither state exercises political control

question

Forward Capital

answer

capital city positioned in actually or potentially contested territory usually near an international border, it confirms the states determination to maintain its presence in the region in contention.

question

Shatterbelt

answer

a region caught between stronger colliding external cultural-political forces, under persistent stress, and often fragmented by aggressive rivals (e.g., Israel or Kashmir today; Eastern Europe during the Cold War)

question

Balkanization

answer

Process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among its ethnicities

question

Apartheid

answer

Laws (no longer in effect) in South Africa that physically separated different races into different geographic areas.

question

Ethnic Cleansing

answer

Process in which more powerful ethnic group forcibly removes a less powerful one in order to create an ethnically homogeneous region

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question

Geopolitics (or Geopolitical)

answer

study of government and its policies as affected by physical geography

question

Organic Theory (Friedrich Ratzel)

answer

the view that states resemble biological organisms with life cycles that include stages of youth, maturity, and old age

question

Sea Power Theory (Alfred T. Mahan)

answer

believed that control of sea lanes would lead to national power; evidenced by european colonial takeover strategies

question

Heartland Theory (Halford MacKinder)

answer

Hypothesis proposed by Halford MacKinder that held that any political power based in the heart of Eurasia could gain enough strength to eventually dominate the world.

question

Rimland Theory (Nicholas Spykman"

answer

Nicholas Spykman's theory that the domination of the coastal fringes of Eurasia would provided the base for world conquest.

question

Domino Theory

answer

the political theory that if one nation comes under Communist control then neighboring nations will also come under Communist control

question

Territory

answer

the geographical area under the jurisdiction of a sovereign state

question

Nation

answer

a politically organized body of people under a single government

question

State

answer

an area organized into a political unit and rules by an established gov't with control over its internal and foreign affairs.

question

Nation-state

answer

a state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality

question

Multi-ethic State

answer

state that contains more than one ethnicity

question

Multinational State

answer

State that contains two or more ethnic groups with traditions of self-determination that agree to coexist peacefully by recognizing each other as distinct nationalities.

question

Race

answer

identity with a group of people descended from a common ancestor

question

Sovereignty

answer

ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states

question

Nationalism

answer

Loyalty and devotion to a particular nationality.

question

Tribalism

answer

a situation in which people feel greater allegiance and loyalty to their own ethnic group than to a state as a whole

question

Centripetal Forces

answer

An attitude that tends to unify people and enhance support for a state

question

Ethnicity

answer

Identity with a group of people that share distinct physical and mental traits as a product of common heredity and cultural traditions.

question

Centrifugal Force

answer

a force that divides people and countries

question

Federal State

answer

An internal organization of a state that allocates most powers to units of local government.

question

Unitary State

answer

An internal organization of a state that places most power in the hands of central government officials

question

Confederation

answer

a joining of several groups for a common purpose

question

International Organization

answer

an alliance of two or more countries seeking cooperation with each other without giving up either's autonomy or self-determination

question

Supranational Organization

answer

A venture involving three or more nation-states involving formal political, economic, and/or cultural cooperation to promote shared objectives. The European Union is one such organization

question

Devolution

answer

the delegation of authority (especially from a central to a regional government)

question

Gerrymandering

answer

Process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power.

question

Microstate (Ministate)

answer

A state that encompasses a very small land area.

question

Compact State

answer

A state in which the distance from the center to any boundary does not vary significantly.

question

Fragmented State

answer

A state that includes several discontinuous pieces of territory.

question

Elongated State

answer

A state with a long, narrow shape.

question

Prorupted State

answer

an otherwise compact state with a large projecting extension.

question

Perforated State

answer

a state that completely surrounds another one

question

Landlocked State

answer

A state that does not have a direct outlet to the sea.

question

Exclave

answer

a part of a country that is separated from the rest of the country and surrounded by foreign territory.

question

Enclave

answer

a distinct region or community enclosed within a larger territory

question

Geometric Boundary

answer

Political boundaries that are defined and delimited by straight lines.

question

Physical-Political Boundary

answer

political boundary that separates territiories according to natural features in the landscpae, such as mountains, rivers or deserts.

question

Cultural-Political Boundary

answer

boundaries that mark breaks in the human landscape based on differences in ethnicity

question

Antecedent Boundary

answer

A boundary that existed before the cultural landscape emerged and stayed in place while people moved in to occupy the surrounding area

question

Subsequent Boundary

answer

A boundary that developed with the evolution of the cultural landscape and is adjusted as the cultural landscape changes...

question

Superimposed Boundary

answer

A political boundary placed by powerful outsiders on a developed human landscape. Usually ignores pre-existing cultural-spatial patterns, such as the border that now divides North and South Korea.

question

Relict Boundary

answer

A political boundary that has ceased to function but the imprint of which can still be detected on the cultural landscape.

question

Frontier

answer

a zone separating two states in which neither state exercises political control

question

Forward Capital

answer

capital city positioned in actually or potentially contested territory usually near an international border, it confirms the states determination to maintain its presence in the region in contention.

question

Shatterbelt

answer

a region caught between stronger colliding external cultural-political forces, under persistent stress, and often fragmented by aggressive rivals (e.g., Israel or Kashmir today; Eastern Europe during the Cold War)

question

Balkanization

answer

Process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among its ethnicities

question

Apartheid

answer

Laws (no longer in effect) in South Africa that physically separated different races into different geographic areas.

question

Ethnic Cleansing

answer

Process in which more powerful ethnic group forcibly removes a less powerful one in order to create an ethnically homogeneous region

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