Aspects of English Language (2023)

Paper Type: Free EssaySubject: English Language
Wordcount: 1474 wordsPublished: 7th Jul 2017

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The language is the collection of symbols and rules for combining the symbols, which can express and infinite variety of messages. In the definition, language separate to three criteria. First is language is symbolic which known as the use of symbols such in spoken or written words to express ideas to the world. The second is language is generative which define as the capability to produce many different messages by combining symbols in different ways. The third language as structured which mean following grammatical rules and produce grammatical sentences. Besides the criteria, language has three aspects such as grammar, meaning and sounds.

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Three Aspects of Language

Grammar is known as a set of rules for producing correct sentences in a language. Meaning is known as semantic understanding of sentences but is not necessary grammatically correct. Meaning of words can represent by breaking them into morphemes which is known as small units of meanings. Morphemes include stem words, prefixes and suffixes. For example word ‘unfairly’ which has stem word as fair adding of prefix un and suffix ly and these morphemes produces changes in word stem. Each of morphemes contributes the different meaning for the words. The sounds are also very important in language. Its produce the phonemes to understand the spoken sentences. In hierarchical organization when producing sentences people will make error in speaking or slip of the tongue. The errors also can divide into word errors, morphemes errors and phoneme errors. There are other types errors occur in the linguistic such as word exchange, morpheme exchange and phoneme exchange. Word exchange is an error in which two linguistic units are substituted for each other during sentence production. For example “buying mother for my fruits” rather than “buying fruits for my mother”. The morpheme exchange is known as error in which two morphemes are substituted for each other during sentence production. For example, sentence like “speakly loud” rather than “speak loudly”. Finally, phoneme exchange is known as an error in which two phonemes are substituted for each other during sentence production. For example, “twit nower” for “twin tower”.

Psychology and Grammar

Psychologists are interest to study how people learn to speak in grammatically correct sentences. Phrase structure grammar can define as a set of rules for partitioning a sentence into its grammatical units and it has 3 rules. The first is partitions the sentence into noun phrase followed by verb phrase. The second rule is states that the noun phrase can be partitioned into a determiner followed by a noun. The third rule states that the verb phrase can be partitioned into a verb followed by noun phrase, which is again broken down into a determiner and a noun. But Chomsky (1965) found that the phrase structure grammar does not explain how sentences can be modified to form of similar meaning. Later it came up with transformational grammar which known as a set of rules for transforming a sentence into a closely related sentence. For example, how we change an active statement into a passive statement. Besides that, words can be grammatical clues. The relation between meaning and grammar is important because producing a grammatical sentence does not make the sentence will be meaningful. The meaning of words sometimes provides hints as to grammatical phrases will come next in sentences. Many words have more than one meaning but this would not confuse us. The context in which the word appears gives information about which meaning is appropriate. Carpenter and Daneman’s (1981) general model of the stages involved in the sentence comprehension. The first stage is as fixate and encode the next word and then second stage is retrieving the meanings of words. The third step is try to integrate retrieved concepts with prior context and the fourth step is seeing whether it has integration been successfully completed for at least one concept. If the integration is successful, the process encodes next code and if not successful, we try to recover the error.

Using Semantic Context in Sentence Comprehension

The word recognition is often facilitated by the semantic context. Sometimes, people face difficulties in recognizing a word when reading the illegible handwriting and they rely on the surrounding words and sentences to help us identify the illegible word. People also select the meaning of ambiguous words by looking context of sentences. In resolving ambiguities, good readers those who are active in working memory able to interpret of an ambiguous word and quickly select the suitable meaning when they receive a clarifying context. Interpreting phrases is to produce syntactic and semantic representations of a sentence and relate the sentence to prior knowledge. For example, when people heard phrase ‘a business man’ and they might have few interpretation like ‘have luxury cars’, ‘a big bangle’ and ‘rich with money’.

Implication of Sentences

Comprehension is considering how people understand sentences in which the information asserted directly. But, using language can imply something without directly. In Courtroom testimony, implications can influence not only how a witness responds to questions but also helps the jury to remember about testimony of witness. The implication without telling the original meaning of something can find advertising. Some advertisement tells the problems face by customer and show their product as solution. So that people then understand how the product functioning.

Literature Review

Title: Investigating the role of language in children’s early educational outcomes

From: Sue Roulstone, Judy Clegg & Tim Paters (2010)

(Video) Aspects of English Language / Language as Written Text

Children develop their language skill at 2 years old. Their communication environments influence mainly their language development. The communication environments are the context where the children improve their language for example, interaction or activity with child and parent, playing with others, television program and others. In childhood period most children develop their speech and language skills with less effort.

Roulston, Clegg and Paters (2010) have conducted a longitudinal study about their communication environment in children’s early educational performances. They want examine the characteristics of the environment in which children learn to communicate and extends which affect children readiness for school (language skills, reading, mathematics and social skills). They came up with three research questions. First is what extent is child’s early language development associated with performance on assessments in schools. The second is what extent is the child’s early communication environment associated with performance on the assessments. Third is what are the characteristics of the children’ early communication environment that contribute to the children language developments.

They conducted the study on children who are in 24 months from 4941 boys and 4688 girls. The test conducted with questionnaires which complete by the mothers. The data collected about children academic performance from children schools.

They found that from view of impact of children early language development on school entry, the language influenced mainly from social class or social background where children come from. The learning early language made an important contribution to the variation in children’s performance. Children understandings and use of vocabulary are very strongly associates with their performance.

Besides that, from view of the impact of children communication environment, children who are early ownership of book, trips to library, get good attendance in school, parents teaching with activities and toys achieved higher scores on the assessment. Children also improve language from television program however, the increasing duration in time of watching television affect child’s academic at school negatively. From the view of role of communication environment in the development of language skills, both children’s language skills & communication environment are important for outcomes at start of primary schools. Communication environment helps to learn vocabulary, understanding of meaning of words and develop speech.

Therefore, the role of language becomes clear within 24 months. Parents should make sure that children have better communication environment which help them to develop their language skills.

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FAQs

How many aspects are in English language? ›

There are two aspects in English: the progressive aspect (also referred to as continuous), and the perfect aspect. The progressive aspect is formed with the auxiliary be (reflecting the tense) and the addition of -ing to the main verb.

What are the four aspects of English language? ›

Listening, speaking, reading and writing are the four language skills we need to develop for complete communication.

What are the 3 aspects in English? ›

Besides the criteria, language has three aspects such as grammar, meaning and sounds.

What are the 7 aspects of language? ›

Language courses include 7 language components that aim at developing learners' language competency. These are vocabulary, grammar, functions, reading, listening, speaking, and writing.

What are the main aspects of language? ›

Linguists have identified five basic components (phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, and pragmatics) found across languages.

What aspect of English is important? ›

It is the main language for studying any subject all over the world. English is important for students as it broadens their minds, develops emotional skills, improve the quality of life by providing job opportunities.

What are the 3 aspects of language? ›

They ultimately separated language into three major aspects: form, content, and use. Form: includes the building blocks of language such as morphology (grammar), syntax (sentences) and phonological awareness (sound awareness).

What are the different types of aspects? ›

There are four main aspects: simple, progressive, perfect, and perfect progressive. Since all verbs have both tense and aspect, all combinations of tenses and aspects, such as past progressive and future perfect, are possible.

What are examples of aspects? ›

nature; quality; character: the superficial aspect of the situation. a way in which a thing may be viewed or regarded; interpretation; view: both aspects of a decision. part; feature; phase: That is the aspect of the problem that interests me most. facial expression; countenance: He wore an aspect of gloom.

What is language and its aspects? ›

Language is a structured system of communication. The structure of a language is its grammar and the free components are its vocabulary. Languages are the primary means of communication of humans, and can be conveyed through spoken, sign, or written language.

What are the two aspects of language? ›

Linguistic constituents are composed of two entities: concurrence and concatenation. The code of a language exists prior to the interlocutors and sets limitations on combinations of phonemes.

What is one of the most important aspects of a language? ›

Mastering Pronunciation and Sounds

Mastering pronunciation will help you to memorise words and grammar with greater ease. Research has shown that it is significantly harder to memorise words that you have difficulty pronouncing. New studies have revealed the importance of tackling the sound of language early on.

What are the 8 aspects? ›

There are eight aspects to your wellness. They are body, mind, work, spirit, finances, community, emotions and environment. Each can affect your quality of life. Struggles in one aspect can affect other aspects.

What aspects mean? ›

a distinct feature or element in a problem, situation, etc; facet. to consider every aspect of a problem. 3. the way in which a problem, idea, etc, may be considered.

What are common aspects? ›

adj. 1 belonging to or shared by two or more people. common property. 2 belonging to or shared by members of one or more nations or communities; public.

What are the two types of aspects? ›

The two primary aspects in English are the perfect (sometimes called perfective) and the progressive (also known as the continuous form). As illustrated below, these two aspects may be combined to form the perfect progressive. In English, aspect is expressed by means of particles, separate verbs, and verb phrases.

What is an example of aspect in a sentence? ›

Climate and weather affect every aspect of our lives. He was interested in all aspects of the work here. Monroe described the financial aspect as crucial. The house had a south-west aspect.

What is perfect aspect in grammar? ›

The perfect tense or aspect (abbreviated PERF or PRF) is a verb form that indicates that an action or circumstance occurred earlier than the time under consideration, often focusing attention on the resulting state rather than on the occurrence itself. An example of a perfect construction is I have made dinner.

What are the aspects of language in literature? ›

When examining the style of a text, one scrutinises mainly two aspects: diction (the choice and use of words) and syntax (the sentence structure). In other words, one examines which words are used and how these words are put together. Closely related to such questions is the use of rhetorical devices.

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