# Deforestation: Definition, Causes, Impacts & Preventive Measures (2022)

• Written By Sagarika Swamy

Deforestation:The procedure of removing large portions of trees from forest or land without replanting them is called deforestation. These trees are destroyed from forests or cleared from lands mainly to facilitate the requirements needs of human beings like building new industries or living spaces.Deforestationhas been a matter of concern in the present century as it directly impacts global warming, a major issue the world is facing now.

A forest is a large area of land covered with trees, plants and bushes. It is a home for many living beings. A wide variety of microorganisms, plants, birds and animals live in forests. Apart from their basic importance, forests add aesthetic value to the environment. This article will discuss the meaning of deforestation, its causes, effects, and impacts on the globe and the control or preventive measures we can take to save Earth.

## What is Deforestation?

Deforestation can be defined as the removal of trees from forests or other lands on a large scale for the facilitation of human activities. It is a serious environmental concern since it results in loss of biodiversity, damage to natural habitats, disturbances in the water cycle, and soil erosion. Deforestation is also a major cause of climate change and global warming.

(Video) Deforestation, Definition, Causes, Effects and Control Measure

### Definition of Deforestation

“Deforestation means clearing of forests and using that land for other purposes.”

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### What is the Importance of Forest?

Forests are the best gift nature has provided to mankind. It provides space for living to many of the living organisms. Forest constituents of different kinds of Herbs, Shrubs along with different kinds of trees.

1. Forest acts as a great source of oxygen and helps in maintaining the temperature levels of the atmosphere.
2. Forest is one of the important source from where we get clean drinking water.
3. Water in the soil is absorbed by the plant’s roots and the excess water is released into the atmosphere which helps in the occurrence of rainfall.
4. Forests help in sustainability by managing biodiversity.
5. Forest provides shelter and shade.
6. Forests provide us with fruits, timber, water, medicine, etc.
7. They are also a source of raw material for many commercially important products such as paper, wood, and fabric.
8. Forest provides nearly 1.6 billion people with employment benefits.
9. Forest helps in managing climate, soil erosion, and controlling noise pollution.
10. Forest controls climate change by absorbing greenhouse gases and acting as a carbon storehouse.
11. Forests play a vital role in the water cycle.

### Does Deforestation Disturb Animal Life in the Forest?

Yes, deforestation causes a major impact on some animal species that are entirely dependent upon old-growth forest habitats. Without the forests and few natural habitats, the animals are left with no place to live and breed. Cutting down trees in the forest reduces the number of wild creatures because birds, reptiles, and insects lose their homes and food supplies. Many animals are on the edge of extinction as a result of this.

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### Causes of Deforestation

Deforestation is caused by a variety of factors, including population expansion, agricultural operations, logging, preference for urbanization, infrastructure development, and so on. The demand for more land to dwell on continues to increase as the population grows. This is one of the main reasons why trees are being taken down. Modernization has caused a significant increase in the demand for land for the establishment of industries. The following are the primary causes of deforestation.

1. Cattle Grazing – Cattle ranching is the highest cause of deforestation and it is high in most of the forest areas of India. According to UNFCCC Secretariat, María J. Sanz, cattle pasture causes 60% of deforestation.

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2. Practice of Shifting Cultivation– The crops are cultivated for a short period of time, and then the land is left to remain fallow.

3. Adverse Effects of Industries– This is because the forest lands are cleared for undertaking these activities. Plants and trees have been cut down for the projects of many dams and industrial construction, which leads to adverse effects on the environment. Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) encouraged the planting of trees, planning for the regeneration of the ecosystem, and stopping the construction of industries.

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4. Requirement of Raw Materials – This leads to indiscriminate deforestation on a large scale. The raw materials which are extracted from the forest, like wood, timber, etc., are used to make furniture like chairs, tables, cots, windows, and much more things.

5. Need for Fuel-wood- Fuel-wood is a major source of power and energy, which leads to large-scale deforestation. Tribal community people cut down trees for fuel and build homes from the woods to live their life. They know the importance of forests and trim their requirements accordingly to protect the forests. Whereas the modern community people cut down trees for decorating interiors of homes and using the extract of sandalwood for beauty purposes.

(Video) DEFORESTATION - DEFINITION, CAUSES, EFFECTS AND PREVENTION.

6. Increasing Demand for Food – This act results in deforestation or clearance of forest for new cultivation.

7. Natural Calamities – Natural calamities like floods, forest fires, earthquakes, etc., causes the huge loss of forests and trees.

8. Construction of New Buildings, Roads and Other Infrastructural Facilities – Usage of wood and logs are used much for construction purposes which is a leading cause of deforestation.

9. Mining – It is another important factor for deforestation. Large forest or vegetation areas are cleared and burned down for mining operations. This causes degradation of land, soil erosion, etc.

### Effects of Deforestation

1. The major effect of deforestation on the environment is global warming and climatic change.
2. Deforestation causes the extinction of animals, soil erosion, increase in carbon dioxide level, and a reduction in chances of rainfall.
3. Cutting down trees can directly or indirectly affect human health. Due to the lack of oxygen, people may suffer from breathing problems.
4. When a forest is destroyed, the wild animals that were living there may enter the cities and villages and spoil the crops or kill people.
5. The overexploitation of wood and timber can harm the economy. The short-term economic gains made from deforestation are accompanied by reduced long-term productivity.

### Deforestation Effects on Environment

1. Loss of habitat for various animal and plant species.
2. Quality of the soild degrades and results in soil degradation. The erosion of topsoil takes place, and later, it results in the poor productivity of food crops and cash crops.
3. The water cycle gets disturbed.
4. Climate change takes place, which results in global warming. This is one of the reasons why the seasons changes are getting delayed.

### Effects of Deforestation on Water Cycle

Trees are known to absorb groundwater through their roots and subsequently release it into the atmosphere via the process of transpiration. Thus, trees play a vital role in the water cycle by regulating the atmospheric water vapour levels and also by providing a platform for water to enter the atmosphere from below-ground levels. If the number of trees is reduced, the occurrence of the process of transpiration will also reduce, causing a change in pattern.

### Deforestation Solutions – How to Stop Deforestation?

Because deforestation causes significant changes in our environment, we as humans must open our eyes and see the gravity of the problem, as well as take the necessary steps to curb deforestation. Our environment will suffer as a result, and future generations will pay the price for our ignorance.

We, as humans, are chopping down trees haphazardly to feed our hunger, and we have blinded ourselves to the value of forests. Let’s start a campaign to raise awareness and prevent deforestation. The government needs to pay attention to this problem and penalize people who destroy forests for no reason.

(Video) Essay on Deforestation in English// introduction, causes,impacts and conclusion// "Deforestation".

1. Forest Management Program: They implement long-term forest productivity and conservation of forests. They ensure to protect the wildlife habitats and contribute to the conservation of biological diversity.
2. Chipko Movement: It is an Andolan method to conserve the forest. The people saved trees by hugging them. This Chipko movement is a simple but very effective method to conserve forests.
3. Plantation on a Small and Large Scale: We should always learn to plant trees in the gardens or the parks on a small scale. Saalumarada Thimmakka, an Indian environmentalist from Karnataka, played a major role in planting trees on a large scale. So, we should thank her for this act which overcomes the problem of deforestation.

### Deforestation Facts!

1. Forests cover approximately $${\text{31% }}$$ of the total land surface of the Earth.
2. Tropical forests harbour over half of all land-based animal and plant species in the world.
3. Approximately, 9 million acres of virgin tropical forest were cut down in the year 2018.
4. The Amazon rainforest, which is the source of $${\text{20% }}$$ of the world’s oxygen supply, loses approximately 1.32 acres of its area every minute due to deforestation.
5. The area of primary forest worldwide has decreased by over 80 million hectares since 1990.
6. Between 2015 and 2020, the rate of deforestation was estimated at 10 million hectares per year, down from 16 million hectares per year in the 1990s.

### Summary

Deforestation is the worst thing that can happen to the environment. It not only destroys the environment but also depletes biodiversity. Forests must be saved and protected because it is the home to many wildlife species. It plays a vital role in maintaining temperature. We get fresh oxygen and good rainfall if we save trees. Government and relevant authorities must adopt a policy of zero-tolerance against deforestation.

### Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on Deforestation

Q.1. What can stop deforestation?
Ans: Forest management program: They implement long-term forest productivity and conservation of forests. They ensure to protect the wildlife habitats and contribute to the conservation of biological diversity.
Chipko movement: It is an Andolan to conserve the forest. The people saved trees by hugging them. This Chipko movement is a simple but very effective method to conserve forests.

Q.2. Why is deforestation so bad?
Ans: The loss of trees and natural vegetation can cause many changes such as climate change, desertification, soil erosion, fewer crops, flooding, increased greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, and these problems affect the lives of animals and people.

Q.3. What are the 5 effects of deforestation?
Ans: The 5 effects of deforestation are:
1. Loss of habitat and wildlife extinction
2. Soil erosion
3. Floods
4. Global warming
5. Climate change and imbalance.

Q.4. What are the three causes of deforestation?
Ans: 1. Cattle Ranching
2. Subsistence Agriculture
3. Mining

Q.5. Write three importance of forest.
Ans: 1. Forest helps in maintaining the oxygen and temperature levels of the atmosphere.
2. The water in the soil is absorbed by the plant’s roots and they release excess water into the atmosphere which helps in the occurrence of rainfall.
3. Forests help in sustainability by managing biodiversity.

Students are also advised to solvefree practice questions onSustainable Management of Natural Resourceson Embibe. Solving these practice questions will definitely help students to understand the concept better.

(Video) Deforestation | Causes, Effects & Solutions | Video for Kids

We hope this detailed article on Deforestation is helpful to you. If you have any queries about this article or in general about deforestation, ping us through the comment box below and we will get back to you as soon as possible.

## FAQs

### What are the causes and impacts of deforestation? ›

The loss of trees and other vegetation can cause climate change, desertification, soil erosion, fewer crops, flooding, increased greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, and a host of problems for indigenous people.

### What are the preventive measures for deforestation? ›

Save our Forests
• Plant a Tree where you can.
• Go paperless at home and in the office.
• Buy recycled products and then recycle them again.
• Buy certified wood products. ...
• Support the products of companies that are committed to reducing deforestation. ...

### What is deforestation explain? ›

Deforestation is the purposeful clearing of forested land. Throughout history and into modern times, forests have been razed to make space for agriculture and animal grazing, and to obtain wood for fuel, manufacturing, and construction. Deforestation has greatly altered landscapes around the world.

### What is the impact of deforestation? ›

Trees absorb and store carbon dioxide. If forests are cleared, or even disturbed, they release carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. Forest loss and damage is the cause of around 10% of global warming. There's simply no way we can fight the climate crisis if we don't stop deforestation.

### What are the 7 causes of deforestation? ›

Human activities as agricultural expansion, cattle breeding, timber extraction, mining, oil extraction, dam construction and infrastructure development.

### What is deforestation and its impact on environment? ›

Deforestation can be defined as the large-scale removal of trees from forests (or other lands) for the facilitation of human activities. It is a serious environmental concern since it can result in the loss of biodiversity, damage to natural habitats, disturbances in the water cycle, and soil erosion.

### What are the causes of deforestation in India? ›

Farming, cutting of timber, mining and often indiscriminate dam building for hydro electric power projects are the foremost causes of deforestation in India. Another factor is the burgeoning population and its resultant growing urbanisation.

### What is deforestation essay? ›

Essay on Deforestation. Deforestation is cutting down a large number of trees and clearing out forest areas. The various reasons behind these human activities are increasing the space for human usage like logging or wood extraction, agricultural expansion, infrastructure expansion etc.

### What are the types of deforestation? ›

There are two separate kinds of deforestation—clear-cutting and selective logging. Clear-cutting occurs when most or all of an entire area is taken down, while in selective logging, loggers only cut down the trees that are of use to them.

### What are the effects of deforestation PDF? ›

Deforestation not only affects the climate by increasing the atmospheric level of carbon dioxide but also affects the environment by inhibiting water recycling, triggering severe flooding, aquifer depletion, soil degradation and the extinction of plant and animal species.

### What are the positive impacts of deforestation? ›

One of the advantages of deforestation is its being a source of income for farmers who cut down trees to be made into coal and be sold as fuel. Moreover, trees from forests are also made into construction and building materials to build houses.

### What is deforestation Wikipedia? ›

Deforestation or forest clearance is the removal of a forest or stand of trees from land that is then converted to non-forest use. Deforestation can involve conversion of forest land to farms, ranches, or urban use. The most concentrated deforestation occurs in tropical rainforests.

### What is deforestation how it is caused? ›

Human-caused or natural causes which lead to the cutting down of trees and reduced forest areas is called deforestation. Generally, it is the human activities of urbanisation, construction etc., which have been the major cause of deforestation across the world.

### What are the causes of deforestation essay? ›

Causes of Deforestation.

Some of the most common causes of deforestation are globalization, urbanization, overpopulation and climate. Trees are being cut down for construction purpose, lands are cleared for growing crops and trees are also used as firewood.

### Who is affected by deforestation? ›

Deforestation affects the people and animals where trees are cut, as well as the wider world. Some 250 million people living in forest and savannah areas depend on them for subsistence and income—many of them among the world's rural poor.

### Who causes deforestation? ›

Direct causes of deforestation are agricultural expansion, wood extraction (e.g., logging or wood harvest for domestic fuel or charcoal), and infrastructure expansion such as road building and urbanization.

### What is the biggest cause of deforestation? ›

Beef production is the top driver of deforestation in the world's tropical forests. The forest conversion it generates more than doubles that generated by the production of soy, palm oil, and wood products (the second, third, and fourth biggest drivers) combined.

### What are the effects of deforestation essay? ›

1 Deforestation has many seriously damaging effects. It disrupts the water cycle and increases the level of carbon dioxide and decreases oxygen levels. Further, it also causes floods, droughts, soil erosion and more.

### What are the social impacts of deforestation? ›

Loss of livelihood

Communities rely on forest resources for a range of nutritional and medicinal purposes. Deforestation destroys essential ecosystem services like the provision of clean water and fertile soils, leading to the loss of farming and other livelihood opportunities, such as fishing and hunting for food.

### When did deforestation begin? ›

Deforestation probably originated with the use of fire, and estimates are that 40–50% of the Earth's original forest area has been lost. Some of that loss happened before settled agriculture began, approximately 10,000 years ago, but only in recent decades is there reliable information on rates of deforestation.

### Where has deforestation happened? ›

95% of global deforestation occurs in the tropics. Brazil and Indonesia alone account for almost half. After long periods of forest clearance in the past, most of today's richest countries are increasing tree cover through afforestation.

### How does deforestation affect climate change? ›

Forests and trees store carbon﻿ . When they are degraded or completely cleared, e.g. by fire – a process referred to as deforestation – this stored carbon has the potential to be released back into the atmosphere as carbon dioxide﻿ and contribute to climate change﻿ .

### What is deforestation write 10 points? ›

1) Deforestation is a process of removing forest by cutting down its trees and bushes. 2) Forests satisfy us in many ways and destroying them completely is not ethical. 3) The major reason behind deforestation is making land available for habitation of human.

### Why do people cut trees? ›

People cut down trees for lots of reasons. This is because people need to build stores, houses, and other buildings. People also cut down trees to clear land for agricultural use. In some cases, trees are cut down for wood for fires to heat up their homes and cook food.

### What is the conclusion of deforestation? ›

Deforestation impacts the environment through loss of biodiversity and disruption of ecosystem processes and the economy by affecting ecosystem services and because of inefficient squandering of resources.

### What is deforestation definition PDF? ›

Deforestation is the conversion of forested areas to non-forest land use such as arable land, urban use, logged area or wasteland. According to FAO, deforestation is the conversion of forest to another land use or the long-term reduction of tree canopy cover below the 10% threshold.

### How many trees are in the world? ›

Earth today supports more than 3 trillion trees—eight times as many as we thought a decade ago. But that number is rapidly shrinking, according to a global tree survey released today. We are losing 15 billion trees a year to toilet paper, timber, farmland expansion, and other human needs.

### How does deforestation affect food? ›

Deforestation directly impact on food security through the loss of biodiversity that are source of food to man and indirectly through its effect on soil degradation and alteration of the weather elements which in turn reduce agricultural productivity.

### What are the economic impacts of deforestation? ›

The loss of forests affects millions of the poor in rural areas. About 250 million people in poor rural areas live in forests. Furthermore, over a billion people rely on forests for food, medicine, or fuel. For these people, therefore, deforestation means lost income, lost subsistence, and even a lost home.

### What are the objectives of deforestation? ›

The main aim for deforestation is to reduce the cutting of the trees. Trees give the purified oxygen which is necessary for most living beings & also reduce carbon dioxide which is vulnerable to nature, help to give fresh air. Also they help in rainfall, which is one of the necessary requirements of nature.

### What is deforestation and its impact on environment? ›

Deforestation can be defined as the large-scale removal of trees from forests (or other lands) for the facilitation of human activities. It is a serious environmental concern since it can result in the loss of biodiversity, damage to natural habitats, disturbances in the water cycle, and soil erosion.

### What are the social impacts of deforestation? ›

Loss of livelihood

Communities rely on forest resources for a range of nutritional and medicinal purposes. Deforestation destroys essential ecosystem services like the provision of clean water and fertile soils, leading to the loss of farming and other livelihood opportunities, such as fishing and hunting for food.

### What are the causes of desertification? ›

'Climatic variations' and 'Human activities' can be regarded as the two main causes of desertification. removal of the natural vegetation cover（by taking too much fuel wood）, agricultural activities in the vulnerable ecosystems of arid and semi-arid areas, which are thus strained beyond their capacity.

### What are the types of deforestation? ›

There are two separate kinds of deforestation—clear-cutting and selective logging. Clear-cutting occurs when most or all of an entire area is taken down, while in selective logging, loggers only cut down the trees that are of use to them.

### What is the history of deforestation? ›

Deforestation probably originated with the use of fire, and estimates are that 40–50% of the Earth's original forest area has been lost. Some of that loss happened before settled agriculture began, approximately 10,000 years ago, but only in recent decades is there reliable information on rates of deforestation.

### What are the effects of deforestation PDF? ›

Deforestation not only affects the climate by increasing the atmospheric level of carbon dioxide but also affects the environment by inhibiting water recycling, triggering severe flooding, aquifer depletion, soil degradation and the extinction of plant and animal species.

### What is deforestation Wikipedia? ›

Deforestation or forest clearance is the removal of a forest or stand of trees from land that is then converted to non-forest use. Deforestation can involve conversion of forest land to farms, ranches, or urban use. The most concentrated deforestation occurs in tropical rainforests.

### What are the four bad effects of deforestation? ›

Shrinking forests can cause wide-reaching problems, including soil erosion, water cycle disruption, greenhouse gas emissions and biodiversity losses. Combined, these four issues affect not only wild plants and animals but human beings as well.

### What is the economic impact of deforestation? ›

The loss of forests affects millions of the poor in rural areas. About 250 million people in poor rural areas live in forests. Furthermore, over a billion people rely on forests for food, medicine, or fuel. For these people, therefore, deforestation means lost income, lost subsistence, and even a lost home.

### How is deforestation affecting humans? ›

But deforestation is having another worrisome effect: an increase in the spread of life-threatening diseases such as malaria and dengue fever. For a host of ecological reasons, the loss of forest can act as an incubator for insect-borne and other infectious diseases that afflict humans.

### What is the conclusion of deforestation? ›

Deforestation impacts the environment through loss of biodiversity and disruption of ecosystem processes and the economy by affecting ecosystem services and because of inefficient squandering of resources.

### What is the impact of desertification? ›

CONSEQUENCES OF DESERTIFICATION

Loss of biodiversity by worsening the living conditions of many species. Food insecurity due to crop failure or reduced yields. The loss of vegetation cover and therefore of food for livestock and humans. Increased risk of zoonotic diseases, such as COVID-19.

### What is desertification PDF? ›

factors, including climatic variations and human activities, is called desertification. (Anonymous, 1992). It is a slow process of land degradation that exacerbates the quality of. land, leading to decline in its productivity and thus impacting the livelihood of the people. depending on it.

### What are the prevention of desertification? ›

Strategies to reduce desertification

Planting more trees - the roots of trees hold the soil together and help to reduce soil erosion from wind and rain. Improving the quality of the soil - this can be managed by encouraging people to reduce the number of grazing animals they have and grow crops instead.

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