How To Prepare Geography Optional For UPSC (2023)

Today, In this article you will read everything about How to prepare Geography Optional for UPSC IAS exam. First of all, you have to remember that success in UPSC exam is all about dedication, continuous learning with the right strategy, and multiple revision in UPSC Exam.

How To Choose An Optional Subject For UPSC?

If you are still confused in Optional subject selection for IAS exam and thinking about which optional subject is best for me then consider these points in selection of optional subject and take a final decision.

  • Background/Graduation subject
  • Interest and (scoring subject i.e. 300+ marks possible) (Recommended)
  • Availability of UPSC IAS notes and test seriesnearby you/Online
  • Guidance by seniors in that subject (if available)
  • Or Select optional within 2-3 months of reading all GS.

If you have chosen an optional subject then please stick to it. Don’t change your mind by seeing topper’s videos or friends suggest that this optional subject is good or bad or scoring. Every optional subjects have pros and cons, therefore, please stick to it.

Watch Dr. Vijay Agrawal sir’s video for better decision

Geography: As a UPSC Mains Optional Subject

Geography is the most popular and opted optional subject in UPSC Mains exam. Every year around 16,000 candidates appears for Mains exam in that roughly 3000 to 4000 aspirants sit for Mains exam with Geography as an optional subject.

How To Prepare Geography Optional For UPSC (1)
Get – Complete Notes Of Geography Optional For UPSC IAS for FREE

Why Geography as an Optional Subject

  • It is scientific in nature, logical, and rational.
  • In geography optional, sufficient material is available in the form of books by Indian authors as well as coaching institute materials.
  • Ample scope for diagrammatic representation.
  • Helps a great deal in Interview.
  • Helpful in essays.
  • Geography and Environment have significant weight in both Prelims and Mains.
  • It is heavily covered directly in GS paper-1 and also indirectly in many areas of GS paper-3.
  • It helps in the interview.
  • High success rate.
  • The location of various biosphere reserves, wildlife sanctuaries, national parks, wetlands, and rivers has been asked frequently.
  • Helpful in current based questions. For ex.- monsoon, ocean current, cyclones, El Nino, Climate change, etc.

Syllabus for Geography Optional

Geography optional syllabus is divided into two part i.e. Paper 1 and paper 2. Each paper is of 250 marks with a total of 500 marks.

How To Prepare Geography Optional For UPSC (2)
(Video) Rishab CA, Rank 23, CSE 2018: Geography Optional Preparation Strategy, Marks 298

Paper 1: (250 marks)

Paper 1 is divided into two-part i.e. Part-A (1 to 5 chapters) and Part-B (6 to 10 chapters)

  • Geomorphology
  • Climatology
  • Oceanography
  • Biogeography
  • Environmental geography
  • Perspective in human geography
  • Economic geography
  • Population and settlement geography
  • Regional geography
  • Models, Theories, and laws in human geography.

Paper 2: (250 marks)

Paper 2 is also divided into two-part i.e. Part-A (1 to 5 chapters) and Part-B (6 to 10 chapters)

  • Physical setting
  • Resources
  • Agriculture
  • Industry
  • Transport, Communication, and Trade
  • Cultural Setting
  • Settlements
  • Regional Development and Planning
  • Political Aspects
  • Contemporary issues.

Geography Syllabus for UPSC in detail


Physical Geography:

1. Geomorphology: Factors controlling landform development; endogenetic and exogenetic forces; Origin and evolution of the earth’s crust; Fundamentals of geomagnetism; Physical conditions of the earth’s interior; Geosynclines; Continental drift; Isostasy; Plate tectonics; Recent views on mountain building; Vulcanicity; Earthquakes and Tsunamis; Concepts of geomorphic cycles and Landscape development ; Denudation chronology; Channel morphology; Erosion surfaces; Slope development ; Applied Geomorphology : Geohydrology, economic geology and environment.

2. Climatology: Temperature and pressure belts of the world; Heat budget of the earth; Atmospheric circulation; atmospheric stability and instability. Planetary and local winds; Monsoons and jet streams; Air masses and fronto genesis, Temperate and tropical cyclones; Types and distribution of precipitation; Weather and Climate; Koppen’s, Thornthwaite’s and Trewartha’s classification of world climates; Hydrological cycle; Global climatic change and role and response of man in climatic changes, Applied climatology and Urban climate.

3. Oceanography: Bottom topography of the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans; Temperature and salinity of the oceans; Heat and salt budgets, Ocean deposits; Waves, currents and tides; Marine resources: biotic, mineral and energy resources; Coral reefs, coral bleaching; sea-level changes; law of the sea and marine pollution.

4. Biogeography: Genesis of soils; Classification and distribution of soils; Soil profile; Soil erosion, Degradation, and conservation; Factors influencing world distribution of plants and animals; Problems of deforestation and conservation measures; Social forestry; agro-forestry; Wildlife; Major gene pool centres.

5. Environmental Geography: Principle of ecology; Human ecological adaptations; Influence of man on ecology and environment; Global and regional ecological changes and imbalances; Ecosystem their management and conservation; Environmental degradation, management, and conservation; Biodiversity and sustainable development; Environmental policy; Environmental hazards and remedial measures; Environmental education and legislation.

Human Geography

1. Perspectives in Human Geography: Areal differentiation; regional synthesis; Dichotomy and dualism; Environmentalism; Quantitative revolution and locational analysis; radical, behavioural, human and welfare approaches; Languages, religions, and secularization; Cultural regions of the world; Human development index.

2. Economic Geography: World economic development: measurement and problems; World resources and their distribution; Energy crisis; the limits to growth; World agriculture: typology of agricultural regions; agricultural inputs and productivity; Food and nutrition problems; Food security; famine: causes, effects and remedies; World industries: locational patterns and problems; patterns of world trade.

(Video) IAS Saumya Pandey, AIR 4 - How to cover Geography optional for #UPSC Mains?

3. Population and Settlement Geography: Growth and distribution of world population; demographic attributes; Causes and consequences of migration; concepts of the over-under-and optimum population; Population theories, world population problems and policies, Social well-being and quality of life; Population as social capital. Types and patterns of rural settlements; Environmental issues in rural settlements; Hierarchy of urban settlements; Urban morphology: Concepts of primate city and rank-size rule; Functional classification of towns; Sphere of urban influence; Rural – urban fringe; Satellite towns; Problems and remedies of urbanization; Sustainable development of cities.

4. Regional Planning: Concept of a region; Types of regions and methods of regionalisation; Growth centres and growth poles; Regional imbalances; regional development strategies; environmental issues in regional planning; Planning for sustainable development.

5. Models, Theories and Laws in Human Geography: Systems analysis in Human geography; Malthusian, Marxian and demographic transition models; Central Place theories of Christaller and Losch; Perroux and Boudeville; Von Thunen’s model of agricultural location; Weber’s model of industrial location; Ostov’s model of stages of growth.


Geography Of India

1. Physical Setting: Space relationship of India with neighboring countries; Structure and relief; Drainage system and watersheds; Physiographic regions; Mechanism of Indian monsoons and rainfall patterns, Tropical cyclones and western disturbances; Floods and droughts; Climatic regions; Natural vegetation; Soil types and their distributions.

2. Resources: Land, surface and groundwater, energy, minerals, biotic and marine resources; Forest and wildlife resources and their conservation; Energy crisis.

3. Agriculture: Infrastructure: irrigation, seeds, fertilizers, power; Institutional factors: land holdings, land tenure and land reforms; Cropping pattern, agricultural productivity, agricultural intensity, crop combination, land capability; Agro and social-forestry; Green revolution and its socio- economic and ecological implications; Significance of dry farming; Livestock resources and white revolution; aqua – culture; sericulture, apiculture and poultry; agricultural regionalisation; agro-climatic zones; agroecological regions.

4. Industry: Evolution of industries: Locational factors of cotton, jute, textile, iron and steel, aluminium, fertilizer, paper, chemical and pharmaceutical, automobile, cottage and agro-based industries; Industrial houses and complexes including public sector undertakings; Industrial regionali-sation; New industrial policies; Multinationals and liberalization; Special Economic Zones; Tourism including eco-tourism.

5. Transport, Communication and Trade: Road, railway, waterway, airway and pipeline networks and their complementary roles in regional development; Growing importance of ports on national and foreign trade; Trade balance; Trade Policy; Export processing zones; Developments in communication and information technology and their impacts on economy and society; Indian space programme.

6. Cultural Setting: Historical Perspective of Indian Society: Racial, linguistic and ethnic diversities; religious minorities; major tribes, tribal areas and their problems; cultural regions; Growth, distribution and density of population; Demographic attributes: sex-ratio, age structure, literacy rate, work-force, dependency ratio, longevity; migration (inter-regional, intraregional and international) and associated problems; Population problems and policies; Health indicators.

(Video) Best books for Geography Optional(Mains 2022) - Part1 (Physical Geography) || IAS VANDANA MEENA ||

7. Settlements: Types, patterns, and morphology of rural settlements; Urban developments; Morphology of Indian cities; Functional classification of Indian cities; Conurbations and metropolitan regions; urban sprawl; Slums and associated problems; town planning; Problems of urbanization and remedies.

8. Regional Development and Planning: Experience of regional planning in India; Five Year Plans; Integrated rural development programmes; Panchayati Raj and decentralised planning; Command area development; Watershed management; Planning for backward area, desert, drought prone, hill, tribal area development; multi-level planning; Regional planning and development of island territories.

9. Political Aspects: Geographical basis of Indian federalism; State reorganisation; Emergence of new states; Regional consciousness and inter state issues; international boundary of India and related issues; Cross border terrorism; India’s role in world affairs; Geopolitics of South Asia and Indian Ocean realm.

10. Contemporary Issues: Ecological issues: Environmental hazards: landslides, earthquakes, Tsunamis, floods and droughts, epidemics; Issues relating to environmental pollution; Changes in patterns of land use; Principles of environmental impact assessment and environmental management; Population explosion and food security; Environmental degradation; Deforestation, desertification and soil erosion; Problems of agrarian and industrial unrest; Regional disparities in economic development; Concept of sustainable growth and development; Environmental awareness; Linkage of rivers; Globalisation and Indian economy.

NOTE: Candidates will be required to answer one compulsory map question pertinent to subjects covered by this paper.

Books for Geography Optional

Here is the complete paper-wise booklist of Geography optional for UPSC.

Paper-1 (part A)

Paper-1 (part B)


Most important government website: e-PGPathshala
Here is the URL of website:
Another website:

*All these books are Reference books (i.e. Don’t try to read cover to cover)

Geography Optional Strategy

  • Start your preparation of geography optional before one year of Prelims exam.
  • Make the strategy to complete the syllabus Topic-wise. (Not book-wise)
  • The Basic concepts of each topic should be clear so that one can write in his language in the examination.
  • Try to incorporate maximum figures in your answers. Geography is the subject where one can make answers crisp and attractive by figures.
  • Wherever Map is required to draw it. Between two questions of choice in the exam, attempt the questions in which chances of drawing figures are more.
  • The most important fact which one should keep in mind in geography is time Management.
  • Each aspirant feels difficulty in attempting all questions in geography.
  • Continuous answer writing practice (from day-1 of your preparation)

(Video) Geography Optional Subject For UPSC Mains- Strategy, Books, Syllabus By Junaid Ahmad

  • Get – Complete Notes Of Geography Optional For UPSC IAS for FREE

Current Affairs Preparation of geography optional

  • Make a separate Notebook for geography current affairs. I will recommend that make a notebook on OneNote and create 20 pages for every 20 topics of geography optional.
  • Newspaper – The Hindu/The Indian Express
  • Use a google search engine and google maps extensively.
  • Yojana magazine
  • Down to earth magazine
  • Kurukshetra magazine

How to read Geography Books

  • First of all, Start from the core of geography topics (i.e. Geomorphology, Climatology,Oceanography, Bio-geography, and Environmental Geography.)
  • After reading 5 topics of Physical geography you can read either Human geography (i.e. Perspectives in Human Geography, and Models, Theories and Laws in Human Geography) or Indian Geography.
  • Try to follow the integrated learning approach. (especially Human geography with Indian geography)
  • Understand each and every word of Syllabus and prepare at least 150-word notes on each and every topic of syllabus.
  • I am saying again please follow the integrated study approach of paper-1 with Paper-2.

Answer writing in geography optional

First of all, let’s understand which type of questions are coming in UPSC exam-

  • Direct
  • Open-Ended


These questions require direct knowledge of geography. So they can not be answered without revision or without using geographical terms. Edge over others can only be taken if the language is more similar to the geographical language and has more relevant diagrams.


These questions can be answered mostly based on having more number of dimensions. For example – dimensions can be increased by including the theoretical portion of paper 1 in Indian geography. Then using current examples, facts and relevant diagram can increase the dimensions.

  • Remember it’s a geography paper and not any G.S paper. So all that you presume to be current affairs must be viewed & attempted from a geography angle. It’s better to put the diversity of points than to keep on explaining a single point.
  • Try to put at least one pictorial representation in every answer – be it a map, a small chart, a summary diagram, a timeline or a graph, etc.
  • Try not to leave any question.
  • Use Perspective in Human geography chapter content to address many human geography related issues in paper-2.
  • Try to go through the Authors of various theories and the different names used in the theory.


  • Orient Blackswan & Oxford student Atlas
  • Map entries in geography by Knowracle publication
  • Take a series of empty Map and try to locate all physical features at one place and son on for various features.
  • Follow map based on current affairs articles and locate them on your atlas.

Words of Caution

  • Study only minimum and authentic books.
  • Revise regularly
  • Beware! There is a truckload of materials (on geography) available in the market.
  • Use YouTube animation videos for your better understanding.
  • Use Google Maps
  • Consolidate materials
  • Regular questions practice and feedback on answers.
  • Read always with Syllabus and by heart the syllabus.
  • Brainstorm the syllabus with question paper.
  • Remember every topic are important

  • Get – Complete Notes Of Geography Optional For UPSC IAS for FREE

How to write good answers in Geography Optional

Consider these points in answers –

  • Terminology of geography
  • Maps
  • Diagrams
  • Short paragraph and bullet point
  • Answer to the question (Not what you know)

Paper -1

  • World map
  • Diagram
  • Theories names
  • Geographer names

Paper -2

  • India map
  • Diagram
  • Reference from Paper-1
  • Integrated and multidimensions answer
  • Use case studies and examples
  • Use models and theories (i.e. Human geography)

Now it’s your turn –

(Video) Yasharth Shekhar, AIR-12 UPSC CSE 2021 : "Secret of Scoring 306 in Geography Optional" - Strategy

Do comment, What You think?

Get – Complete Notes Of Geography Optional For UPSC IAS for FREE


What should I study for geography optional Upsc? ›

Topics like population, regional development, climatology, settlement geography and so on can be used for both papers. Examples from one section can be used to make your answers for the other section more relevant. Candidates can also enrol themselves into IAS coaching classes.

Is Geography easy for UPSC optional? ›

Choosing geography as optional for UPSC Mains can be beneficial for the candidates as it is overlapping with the GS Paper 1 and at times useful for the essay paper also. But, studying geography as an optional subject involves great effort because of the vast syllabus and complexity of the subject.

Can I prepare geography optional without coaching? ›

You can easily prepare for the GS Geography Optional Without IAS Coaching if you take guidance from the topnotch faculties which you can easily get at

How long does it take to prepare for geography optional? ›

4-5 months, if you study Geography 12-15 hours per week. This should be enough. Also, it depends on how much can you recall your graduation concepts. Ideally, aspirants need 4-5 months to complete the optional subject solely.

Who scored highest in geography optional? ›

The highest-ranked with Geography optional was rank 4 holder Saumya Pandey.
Geography Optional Toppers.
2010Anurag Chaudhary34
24 more rows

Which optional has highest success rate? ›

UPSC Optional Subjects Success Rate 2016
No.Optional SubjectSuccess Rate
2Medical science16.3
3Animal husbandry12.3
13 more rows

Is 6 to 12 NCERT enough for UPSC Geography? ›

All the important topics of the subject are covered perfectly in the NCERT books. The candidates for the UPSC exam have to purchase these books and study them thoroughly. It will increase your knowledge in every field and concept.

Is geography optional less scoring? ›

Geography as an optional subject is a very scoring subject. Many candidates that there is a lot of mugging up required in this subject which is completely false. Geography is more of a conceptual subject. That is why candidates from a science or technical background find it very easy to score in geography.

Which is the easiest optional? ›

Which optional subject is easy in UPSC? Answer: Sociology, Geography, and Public Administration are easy subjects to score.

Which is the easiest optional subject? ›

Sociology, Geography, and Public Administration are easy subjects to score. Many candidates have scored more than 400 marks in these optional subjects as per the previous year's result. Which optional subject has the highest IAS Optional Subject success rate in UPSC?

Why Geography optional is difficult? ›

The biggest negative point about Geography is that it covers a huge section of syllabus. The competition in this optional subject is gigantic as compared to some other optional subjects. The subjects are too lengthy and sometimes it becomes difficult to memorize a lot of information at one go.

Which optional is easy history or Geography? ›

Maps in Geography are easier because you have to mark the river or place that is mentioned in the question. Interest levels of a candidate determine the difficulty level. Interest levels of a candidate determine the difficulty level. History demands good writing skills.

Is Ncert enough for prelims Geography? ›

Importance of NCERT books for Prelims:

NCERT books act as foundation base, aspirants should not see covering NCERT books as last thing. E.g. for certain subjects like Geography, science & Technology or Word History and Indian History NCERT books are the best.

What was Tina Dabi optional? ›

Tina Dabi secured All India Rank 1 in 2015. Tina graduated from Lady Shri Ram College in 2014 in Political Science. Her optional subject too was Political Science and International Relations.

Did srushti Deshmukh take coaching? ›

Srushti Jayant Deshmukh took her coaching from the Foundation course of KSG which is the short form of Khan Study Group in Bhopal, she also took her prelims test series from there. Is srushti Jayant Deshmukh married?

Which is the most taken optional subject in UPSC? ›

The IAS Topper Kanishak Kataria chose Mathematics as his optional subject in CSE 2018.
Popularity of UPSC Optional Subject – 2015-17.
Optional SubjectPublic Administration
24 more columns

Which optional has smallest syllabus? ›

Which UPSC Optional Subject has Smallest Syllabus? Philosophy has the shortest syllabus out of all of the optional subjects for the UPSC examination and is the reason for it is a popular choice amongst UPSC aspirants.

Which optional has least syllabus? ›

Philosophy subject has the least syllabus of all the UPSC optional subjects. Other options like Anthropology, Sociology and Public administration are also considered to have less syllabus when compared to the rest.

Which is the least popular optional subject in UPSC? ›

Going by the number of candidates appearing for the optionals, the least popular subjects with less than 100 candidates are:
  • Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science.
  • Geology.
  • Civil Engineering.
  • Mechanical Engineering.
  • Agriculture.
  • Statistics.
  • Medical sciences.
  • Management and.

Which is the most scoring optional subject? ›

Based on the general trend, the subjects which have the potential to help you score about 330 marks in optional exams (with your immense dedication, ofcourse) are Mathematics, Anthropology, Sociology, any Literature, Public Administration and Geography.

Which institute is best for Geography UPSC? ›

Ranking of Top UPSC Coaching in Delhi – Geography Optional
RankCoaching NameFee
Rank 1Plutus IASRs. 40,000
Rank 2Yojna IASRs. 50,000
Rank 3The Hindu ZoneN/A
Rank 4Vision IAS
6 more rows
21 Apr 2022

Which book is sufficient for UPSC geography? ›

UPSC Preparation Books from NCERT Geography Books for IAS: Geography: NCERT Class VI – The Earth Our Habitat. Geography: NCERT Class VII – Our Environment. Geography: NCERT Class VIII – Resource and Development.

Will UPSC remove optional subject? ›

Is Optional Subject removed from UPSC? No, the Optional Subjects are still a part of the UPSC Mains exam.

Which book is enough for geography UPSC? ›

The world geography syllabus of UPSC can be divided into geomorphology, oceanography, climatology, social geography, and economic geography. The best world geography book for UPSC is NCERTs from Class 6 to 12 along with G C Leong and books by Majid Husain.

Which optional is better Sociology or Geography? ›

Both Sociology and Geography are popular optionals in the Civil Services Exam. Geography surpasses Sociology if you look at the absolute numbers of candidates opting for the subjects. In fact, both subjects are considered scoring.

When should I start studying optional? ›

When to begin preparing for the optional? It is ideal to begin preparing for the option in October of the year preceding the examination year. Since most optionals will take 4-5 months, your optional subject would be over by March of the year of examination.

Is Political Science or optional Geography better? ›

There is no better. They both are scoring and extensively helpful for future. If you are good with maps and mapping and locations, then you should go for geography. If laerning about new horizons excite you then ofcourse geography is for you.

Which optional subject is best for UPSC without coaching? ›

Sociology is a highly reliable and time tested optional for UPSC mains examination. One of the reasons behind this is its high score-ability. To get a high score in sociology, one needs to formulate the right strategy. Right strategy often requires right guidance.

Can I fail in optional subject? ›

no problem if you fail in optional , no problem on it I know student who get overall 98 percent and fail in maths his optional subject. CBSE considers only Best 5 subjects (known as Best of 5 rule) in your marksheet and final result . The optional marks would be indicated but not counted .

Which stream is best for UPSC? ›

So, it is advisable to opt for the stream of Arts as it would allow you to prepare better and score higher at all the three stages of the IAS Exam. So, no wonder if you opt for the Humanities at school in class 11th itself, you would be better able to clear the IAS Exam.

Which optional subject has highest success rate in UPSC CSE? ›

Top Optional Subjects based on Success rate
Optional SubjectCandidates AppearedSuccess Rate in %
Civil Engineering1155.2%
Commerce & Accountancy18614.5%
21 more rows
22 Jan 2022

Who teaches geography optional in Vajiram and Ravi? ›

Shabbir Sir is a well known faculty teaching in reputed coaching Vajiram And Ravi situated in Delhi. Shabbir Sir always teaches according to UPSC Geography optional syllabus. He has teaching experience of more than 15 years.

What are 3 ways to study geography? ›

12 Ways to Study Geography
  • Field Trips. Kids love to learn about places they can see, touch and hear. ...
  • Map Work. Learning how to create and detail maps is a lot of fun! ...
  • Models. Creating models is a great hands-on activity for geography lessons! ...
  • Lapbooks. ...
  • Photography. ...
  • Unit Studies. ...
  • Family Vacations. ...
  • Atlases.

How do you get A+ in geography? ›

Geography is no exception.
How To Get An A In Geography – 7 Actionable Steps
  1. Know your History. ...
  2. Visualise. ...
  3. Break It Up. ...
  4. Know Your Lingo. ...
  5. Correlation ≠ Causation. ...
  6. Understand the Importance of the Topic.
15 Apr 2020

Where do I start when preparing for geography? ›

Recommended booklist for Geography Syllabus For UPSC
  1. Physical Geography by Savindra Singh.
  2. India: A Comprehensive Geography by D R Khullar.
  3. Human Geography by Majid Husain.
  4. Models in Geography by Majid Husain.
  5. Geographical Thought by R D Dixit.
  6. Fundamentals of Geographical Thought by Sudeepta Adhikari.

Which stream is best for Geography? ›

Studying Geography

You need to clear your Class XII board exams in either Humanities and Science stream with Geography as a subject to get admission to a BSc/BA course in Geography. After your graduation, you may go for MA/MSc courses in Geography.

What coaching material is best for Geography? ›

The most important source of Geography for UPSC is NCERT Books.

Is laxmikant enough for mains? ›

UPSC Mains– The nature of the Mains exam is very different from that of the Prelims. For answering the questions of mains one must have a deeper understanding of the subject. For preparing the GS Paper -2 for the UPSC Exam M Laxmikant is essential but not sufficient.

Is Geography is best optional for UPSC? ›

Geography is one of the most recommended optional subjects in the UPSC Civil Services Exam. Several toppers take this optional subject in UPSC CSE just to make sure that they clear the exam.

Which institute is best for geography optional Upsc? ›

Ranking of Top UPSC Coaching in Delhi – Geography Optional
RankCoaching NameFee
Rank 1Plutus IASRs. 40,000
Rank 2Yojna IASRs. 50,000
Rank 3The Hindu ZoneN/A
Rank 4Vision IAS
6 more rows
21 Apr 2022

Which optional has shortest syllabus? ›

Philosophy has the shortest syllabus out of all of the optional subjects for the UPSC examination and is the reason for it is a popular choice amongst UPSC aspirants.

Which is easiest optional for UPSC? ›

Which optional subject is easy in UPSC? Answer: Sociology, Geography, and Public Administration are easy subjects to score. Many candidates have scored more than 400 marks in these optional subjects as per the previous year's result.

Which is harder Geography or sociology? ›

Both Sociology and Geography are popular optionals in the Civil Services Exam. Geography surpasses Sociology if you look at the absolute numbers of candidates opting for the subjects. In fact, both subjects are considered scoring.

How can I prepare geography optional? ›

Paper-1 in Geography optional covers two topics- namely, physical geography and human geography. Determine beforehand the section from which you want to attempt the maximum questions and plan your study table accordingly. Practice find interrelations between the topics explored in the syllabus for each paper.

Which book is sufficient for UPSC Geography? ›

UPSC Preparation Books from NCERT Geography Books for IAS: Geography: NCERT Class VI – The Earth Our Habitat. Geography: NCERT Class VII – Our Environment. Geography: NCERT Class VIII – Resource and Development.

Which optional has highest success rate in UPSC? ›

Success Rate of Optional Subjects in IAS Mains
Optional SubjectNo. of Candidates AppearedSuccess Rate Percentage
Electrical Engineering1939.8
Mechanical Engineering17011.2
40 more rows

Who is the best Geography teacher? ›

let's start with the best teacher in India for geography.
  1. 1-Shabbir Sir.
  2. 2-Alok Ranjan Sir.
  3. 3-Alok sir.
  4. 4- khan sir.
  5. 5-praveen sir.


1. UPSC CSE | How To Prepare Geography Optional With Self Study | By Apurva Tripathi, Rank 68 CSE 2020
(Delhi Knowledge Track)
2. Answer Writing Strategy Session on Geography Optional by UPSC AIR 04 Aishwarya Verma
(Vajiram and Ravi Official)
3. How to cover Geography Optional in UPSC? | Approach for UPSC Geography Optional | Santosh Chaudhary
4. AIR-44, Anjali Shrotriya | UPSC Topper 2021 | Strategy for Geography Optional
5. Ravi Kumar AIR 84 CSE 2020, A Perspective On Geography Optional Answer Writing.
6. UPSC CSE | Highest Scorer | Strategy For Geography Optional | By Yasharth Shekhar, Rank 12 CSE 2021
(Delhi Knowledge Track)
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