NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 2 Globe Latitudes and Longitudes (2022)

1. Answer the following questions briefly:
(a) What is the true shape of the earth?
(b) What is the globe?
(c) What is the latitudinal value of the Tropic of Cancer?
(d) What are the three heat zones of the Earth?
(e) What are parallels of latitude and meridians of longitude?
(f) Why does the Torrid Zone receive the maximum amount of heat?
(g) Why is it 5.30 p.m in India when it is 12.00 noon in London?
Answers:
(a) The true shape of the Earth is geoid-earth like shape. In other words, it is orange shaped.
(b) Globe. Globe is the three dimensional model of the earth.
(c) 23\(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\)° N.
(d) (i) Torrid Zone
(ii) Temperate Zone
(iii) Frigid Zone.
(e) Parallels of Latitudes and Meridians of Longitudes:
Parallels of Latitudes:
All the parallel circles from the equator to the poles are called parallels of latitudes.
Meridians of Longitudes:
All the semi-circles which join north pole to south pole are termed as meridians of longitudes.
(f) Torrid Zone receives the maximum amount of heat because of the following reasons:

  • The Sun shines perpendicular between Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn throughout the year.
  • Perpendicular sun rays give more heat than slanting sun rays.

(g) It is 5.30 p.m. in India when it is 12.00 noon in London because of the following reasons:

  • London is located at 0° longitude while the time of 82\(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\)° E longitude is taken as standard time in India.
  • There is a difference of 82\(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) between the longitude of London and the Standard Meridian of India (82\(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) E).
  • Time in India is ahead of London. It is 4 minutes ahead at every longitude towards east.
  • Hence time in India is ahead of London by 5.30 hours (4 x 82\(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) = 330 minutes or 5.30 hours).

2. Tick the correct answer:

(a)The value of the prime meridian is
(i) 90° (ii) 0° (iii) 60°

(b)The frigid zone lies near
(i) the Poles (ii) the Equator (iii) the Tropic of Cancer

(c)The total number of longitudes are
(i) 360 (ii) 180 (iii) 90

(d) The Antarctic Circle is located in
(i) the Northern Hemisphere
(ii) the Southern Hemisphere
(iii) the Eastern Hemisphere

(e) Grid is a network of
(i) parallels of latitudes and meridians of longitudes
(ii) the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn
(iii) the North Pole and the South Pole

Answers: (a)—(ii), (b)-(i),(c)-(i), (d)-(ii), (e)-(i).

(Video) Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes - NCERT Solutions | Class 6 Geography

  • Remark: Actually the number of longitudes is infinite. We can draw longitudes of any degree value. We show in diagrams distinct longitudes just for our convenience, e.g. the number of longitudes can be 360 (shown at gap of 1 degree), 180 (shown at every 2 degrees), and so on—as we wish.

3. Fill in the blanks.

  1. The Tropic of Capricorn is located at…………………..
  2. The Standard Meridian of India is…………………..
  3. The 0° Meridian is also known as…………………..
  4. The distance between the longitudes decreases towards ……………………….
  5. The Arctic Circle is located in the……………….

Answers:

  1. 23 1/2° S
  2. 82 1/2° E
  3. Prime Meridian
  4. Prime Meridian
  5. Northern.

NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 Multiple Choice Questions

Choose the correct option to complete the statements given below:

(i) The globe and the earth are different in …………………..
(a) shape (b) size
(c) continents and oceans (d) none of these.

(ii) The axis is parallel to the ………………….
(a) equator (b) Prime Meridian
(c) latitudes (d) all of these.

(iii) The Tropic of Cancer is located at …………………….
(a) 23 1/2 ° N (b) 66 1/2 ° N
(c) 23 1/2 °S (d) 66 1/2 ° S.

(iv) The heat zone with the coldest climate is the ……………………….
(a) Torrid Zone (b) Northern Temperate Zone
(c) The Frigid Zones (d) either of the Temperate Zones.

(v) From the westernmost point to the easternmost point, the local times of Indiaextend over a time difference of……………………
(a) no difference (b) 30 minutes
(c) 1 hour (d) over 1 hour.

(vi) The time difference between Greenwich and India is …………………….
(a) no difference (b) 3 hours
(c) 5 hours 30 minutes (d) 12 hours 30 minutes.

(Video) Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes Full Chapter Class 6 Geography | NCERT Geography Class 6 Chapter 2

Answers: (i)—(b), (ii)—(b), (iii)—(a), (iv)—(c), (v)—(d), (vi)—(c).

Fill in the Blanks:

Fill in the blanks with appropriate words given to complete each sentence:

  1. Russia extends over………………… time zones.
  2. As we move away from the equator, the size of the latitudes ……………………………
  3. The poles fall in the……………..
  4. To locate a point, we need to know its latitude, as well as……………………………
  5. The British Royal Observatory is located in ……………………….. UK.
  6. A hemisphere is one …………….. of a sphere.
  7. Latitudes and longitudes form a………………………
  8. All places lying on the same ………………… have the same time.
  9. When it is 7.30 pm on August 16 in Greenwich, it is………………………….. (time) on ……………(date) in Chennai.

Answers:

  1. eleven
  2. decreases
  3. Frigid
  4. longitude
  5. Greenwich
  6. half
  7. grid
  8. longitude
  9. 1 am on August 17.

True/False:

State whether these sentences are true (T) or false (F).

  1. The axis of the earth is not actually tilted as depicted in a globe.
  2. The equator is the 0-degree latitude.
  3. The Prime Meridian is the 180-degree longitude.
  4. More than half of India lies in the Frigid Zone.
  5. The Tropic of Capricorn does not pass through India.
  6. The two Temperate Zones maintain a moderate climate.
  7. The time at a place in the east of Greenwich is ahead of that in Greenwich,
  8. The earth rotates from west to east.
  9. The standard longitude for Indian time is the 64° longitude.

Answers:

  1. False
  2. True
  3. False
  4. False
  5. True
  6. True
  7. True
  8. True
  9. False.

Matching Skill:

Match the items in column A correctly with those given in column B.
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 2 Globe Latitudes and Longitudes (1)

(Video) CLASS 6TH GEOGROPHY NCERT CHAPTER 2: GLOBE : LATITUDES AND LONGITUDES [ PART 1]

Globe Latitudes and Longitudes Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 Very Short Answer Type Questions

1. What is the globe?
Answer: Globe is a true model of the earth. It shows the earth in a small form.

2. What are the advantages of the globe? [V. Imp.]
Answer: The globe is small in shape, is convenient to carry and use, and depicts all features of the earth.

3. What are the two types of lines needed to locate any point on the earth’s surface? [V. Imp.]
Answer: Latitudes and longitudes are required to locate any point on the earth’s surface.

4. Define latitude.
Answer: One of the imaginary circles parallel to the Equator is called latitude.

5. Define longitude.
Answer: One of the imaginary circles parallel to the Prime Meridian is called longitude.

6. Which place is used as a standard for a time all over the world?
Answer: Greenwich in Britain is used as a standard for a time all over the world.

7. Geographically, what is the time difference between Dwarka in Gujarat and Dibrugarh in Assam? [Imp]
Answer: The time difference between Dwarka and Dibrugarh is of 1 hour 45 minutes.

8. A particular city lies in the time zone-2. What does this mean?
Answer: This means that the city’s local time is 2 hours behind Greenwich.

9. What does the time ‘12 noon’ signify at any place?
Answer: ‘12 noon’ refers to the time when the sun is at the highest point in the sky.

(Video) Ncert Class 6 Chapter 2 Globe:Latitudes and Longitudes/CBSE Social Science in Malalayalam

10. Which heat zone does the equator lie in?
Answer: The equator lies in the Torrid Zone.

Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 NCERT Solutions Short Answer Type Questions

1. A cricket match begins at 10.30 am on January 10 in New Zealand (time zone of +12). TeU. the time in Greenwich when it is shown live on TV there.
Answer: New Zealand lies in time zone +12, Le. it is 12 hours ahead of Greenwich, or Greenwich is 12 hours behind New Zealand. So when it is 10.30 am on January 10 in New Zealand, it is 10.30 pm on January 9. So the cricket match will be telecast from 10.30 pm on Jan 9 in Greenwich.

2. Why do we have the concept of time zone? [V. Imp.]
Answer:The sun does not shine with the same intensity over all parts of the world at a particular time. If it is overhead at one place (midday), then it does not shine at all (midnight) at the place directly opposite to that place on the earth. So if we have the same time, then 12 noon will mean midday at one place, and midnight at another. To avoid such an awkward system, we have the system of time zones, so that everywhere a particular time means the same stage of the day.

3. Write a short note on Heat Zones. [Imp.]
Answer: Heat zones are the different zones of the earth, where the sun’s rays fall differently, thus causing different climate patterns. These zones are called the Torrid Zone, the two Temperate Zones, and the two Frigid Zones. The Torrid Zone is very hot since the sun shines overhead here. The Temperate Zones maintain a moderate climate, and the Frigid Zones are extremely cold.

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 2 Globe Latitudes and Longitudes (2)

5.How do latitudes and longitudes help in locating a point? Why is only one of theminsufficient in doing this?[V. Imp.]
Answer: Latitudes and longitudes form a grid. Two different points may lie on the same latitude or the same longitude. But there exists only one point where latitude and longitude intersect. So a point can be identified with the help of the latitude and longitude on which it lies.

NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 Long Answer Type Questions

1. In the grid shown below, ten points are marked (a to j). Using the figures marked with the grid, identify the latitudes and longitudes of these points [V. Imp.]
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 2 Globe Latitudes and Longitudes (3)
Answer:
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 2 Globe Latitudes and Longitudes (4)

NCERT Solutions

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography

  • Chapter 1 The Earth in the Solar System
  • Chapter 2 Globe Latitudes and Longitudes
  • Chapter 3 Motions of the Earth
  • Chapter 4 Maps
  • Chapter 5 Major Domains of the Earth
  • Chapter 6 Major Landforms of the Earth
  • Chapter 7 Our Country India
  • Chapter 8 India Climate Vegetation and Wildlife
(Video) Class 6 SST (Geography) Chapter 2 | Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes - One Shot Revision

FAQs

What are latitudes and longitudes Class 6 answer? ›

Answer: One of the imaginary circles parallel to the Equator is called latitude. 5. Define longitude. Answer: One of the imaginary circles parallel to the Prime Meridian is called longitude.

What is a globe Class 6 Geography Chapter 2? ›

Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes Chapter 2 covers a wide range of topics such as latitudes, longitudes, prime meridian, time, equator, etc.

What is a globe Class 6 answers? ›

Complete answer:

a. A globe is a spherical figure which is a miniature form of earth. It gives us a three-dimensional view of the whole Earth by showing distances, directions, areas, etc.

What is Ncert 6th longitude? ›

Answer: Parallels of Latitude: These are all the imaginary parallel circles from the equator to the poles. Meridian of Longitude: These are the imaginary semi-circle lines running from the North Pole to the South Pole.

What is the total number of longitudes? ›

This is called the 180th meridian and also the international date line. Therefore, the total number of latitudes is 180; and the total number of longitudes are 360.

Which is also known as zero meridian? ›

The prime meridian is the line of 0° longitude, the starting point for measuring distance both east and west around Earth.

What are the 5 difference between latitude and longitude? ›

A longitude is an angle measured to the east from the prime meridian (longitudes to the west are negative). The angle between the equator and the latitude is measured in degrees (latitudes to the south are negative).
...
Complete answer:
LATITUDELONGITUDE
The lines are of various lengths.The lines are all the same length.
4 more rows

What is longitude short answer? ›

Longitude is the measurement east or west of the prime meridian. Longitude is measured by imaginary lines that run around Earth vertically (up and down) and meet at the North and South Poles. These lines are known as meridians. Each meridian measures one arc degree of longitude.

What is the globe question answer? ›

A globe is a spherical model of Earth, of some other celestial body, or of the celestial sphere. Globes serve similar purposes to maps, but unlike maps, do not distort the surface that they portray except to scale it down. A globe of Earth is called a terrestrial globe. Was this answer helpful?

Who is the father of globe? ›

The earliest extant terrestrial globe was made in 1492 by Martin Behaim (1459–1537) with help from the painter Georg Glockendon. Behaim was a German mapmaker, navigator, and merchant. Working in Nuremberg, Germany, he called his globe the "Nürnberg Terrestrial Globe." It is now known as the Erdapfel.

What is Earth's true shape? ›

Since the Earth is flattened at the poles and bulges at the Equator, geodesy represents the figure of the Earth as an oblate spheroid. The oblate spheroid, or oblate ellipsoid, is an ellipsoid of revolution obtained by rotating an ellipse about its shorter axis.

What is value of prime meridian? ›

The prime meridian is at 0° (0 degrees) longitude.

What is the equator Class 6? ›

Equator is an imaginary line running on the globe that divides it into two equal parts. The northern half of the earth is known as the Northern Hemisphere and Southern half is known as the Southern Hemisphere.

What is an axis Class 6? ›

Axis: The axis of the Earth is an imaginary line joining the North Pole with the South Pole. It makes an angle of 6612∘ with its orbital plane. Orbit: Orbit is the elliptical path on which heavenly bodies move around the sun or a planet.

What is a map Class 6? ›

A map is a sort of a plot or a guide that is used for direction. A map is used to predict and figure out where things are located. It helps us to understand the complications of our large-sized Earth in an easy way.

Are there 361 longitudes? ›

Out of 179 western longitudes, 179 eastern longitudes, 1 GMT line, and 1 (0 °) longitude line, the total number of longitudes is 360. The 180 ° longitude line is sometimes called the International Date Line.

What are the 2 main lines of longitude? ›

1. Prime Meridian = Longitude 0o (Greenwich Meridian). 2. International Date Line (Longitude 180o).

Are there 180 or 181 latitudes? ›

The correct answer is 181.

There are 90 latitude lines between equator and north pole and 90 more between equator and south pole. The equator is at the exact centre between the poles and is the 0°th latitude line.

Why is GMT 0? ›

Astronomer Royal George Biddell Airy designed it, and it is located at the Royal Observatory Greenwich. It was recommended that the meridian line would indicate 0° longitude. Therefore this also became the start of the Universal Day.

Where is 180 degrees longitude? ›

The international date line, established in 1884, passes through the mid-Pacific Ocean and roughly follows a 180 degrees longitude north-south line on the Earth. It is located halfway around the world from the prime meridian — the 0 degrees longitude line in Greenwich, England.

Where is longitude 0 and latitude 0? ›

Null Island is the point on the Earth's surface at zero degrees latitude and zero degrees longitude ( 0°N 0°E), i.e., where the prime meridian and the equator intersect. Null Island is located in international waters in the Atlantic Ocean, roughly 600 km off the coast of West Africa, in the Gulf of Guinea.

Is the equator 0 longitude? ›

What is this? If you look at the intersection of 0 degrees latitude (known as the Equator) and 0 degrees longitude (known as the Prime Meridian) on a map, you will see that the confluence falls in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean, in the Gulf of Guinea off the coast of western Africa.

What is the importance of longitude? ›

Longitude measures the distance between the west to earth from the prime meridian. Both longitude and latitude help us measure both the location and time using a single standard. The lines of longitude and latitude help us in measuring the distance from the Earth's Equator.

How does longitude calculate time? ›

The time difference between each longitude (each degree) is 4 minutes. So if it is 12 noon at Greenwich (0 degree), it would be 12:04 pm at 1 degree meridian and so on. In India, the standard meridian is 82-and-half degree.

What are lines of longitude called? ›

Lines of longitude, also called meridians, are imaginary lines that divide the Earth. They run north to south from pole to pole, but they measure the distance east or west. The prime meridian, which runs through Greenwich, England, has a longitude of 0 degrees.

Why do we have 360 longitude and only 180 latitude? ›

The South Pole and the North Pole have separated by 180° apart, The longitude lines cross from the North Pole to the South Pole. While persisting on the North Pole, you can ideally recognize the whole circle of the globe. This is why it begins at zero and finishes at 360 longitudes.

Why there are 181 latitudes and 360 longitudes? ›

The longitude lines passes from North Pole to South Pole. While standing on the North Pole, you can perfectly see the complete circle of the earth. This is why it starts from zero and ends at 360 longitude. Latitude lines are the distance of particular place from the equator.

What is today's globle March 23? ›

Every 23 March, the World Meteorological Organization commemorates the coming into force of the Convention establishing the World Meteorological Organization on 23 March 1950.

What is called globe? ›

A globe is a three-dimensional sphere, that is used for representing the whole earth. It helps in searching for different countries and oceans. What is a globe? A globe is a spherical model of Earth. It serves purposes that are similar to some maps.

What are the types of globe? ›

Generally, there are three types of globes. Terrestrial globes detail geographical features of the Earth.
...
Celestial Globe
  • Stars in Canis Major.
  • This Celestial Globe was acquired in June 1932 from Emil Hirsch of Munich, Germany.
  • Another view of the Celestial Globe.
24 Sept 2016

Who invented the globe woman? ›

Patent given to Ellen Eliza Fitz for the mounting and attachments for a terrestrial globe with accompanying sketch. 1875. Courtesy of Watertown Free Public Library. The globe is mounted at an angle of 66.5 degrees on a rotatable disc inscribed with a calendar.

What is globe and its uses? ›

A globe is a three-dimensional sphere used to represent the earth as a whole. It assists in the search for various nations and oceans. The spread of water and land on the earth's surface is illustrated by the globe. It shows the right shape, location and size of the earth's continents and oceans.

What is a globe for kids? ›

A globe is a spherical model of Earth, of some other celestial body, or of the celestial sphere. Globes serve similar purposes to maps, but unlike maps, do not distort the surface that they portray except to scale it down. A globe of Earth is called a terrestrial globe.

Is the Sun a true sphere? ›

They find that it is not a perfect sphere. During years of high solar activity the sun develops a thin “cantaloupe skin” that significantly increases its apparent oblateness: the sun's equatorial radius becomes slightly larger than its polar radius.

Is Earth a geoid? ›

The simplest model of the Earth is a sphere. A much more complex model of the Earth is the geoid, used to approximate mean sea level.

Why is Earth round? ›

The Short Answer:

A planet is round because of gravity. A planet's gravity pulls equally from all sides. Gravity pulls from the center to the edges like the spokes of a bicycle wheel. This makes the overall shape of a planet a sphere, which is a three-dimensional circle.

What is 0 latitude called? ›

The equator is the most well known parallel. At 0 degrees latitude, it equally divides the Earth into the Northern and Southern hemispheres. From the equator, latitude increases as you travel north or south, reaching 90 degrees at each pole.

What is GMT full form? ›

The full form of GMT is Greenwich Mean Time. GMT is the Mean Solar Time at Greenwich London's Royal Observatory. It is measured at the Earth's meridian that is a longitude line of zero degrees.

Why is it 5 30 pm in India when it is 12 noon in London? ›

The Indian Standard Meridian is located 821/2∘ east of the Prime Meridian. Thus the Indian Standard Time (IST) is 5 hours and 30 minutes ahead of GMT. That is why, when it is 12 noon in London, it is 5.30 P.M. in India.

Why is the equator called 0 degrees? ›

The other set of circles which is drawn through the poles, running from North pole to South pole is known as the meridians of longitude or simply a meridian. The equator also cuts the meridians into two equal halves and it is defined as the zero degree longitude.

Why is the equator marked 0? ›

Latitude lines are a numerical way to measure how far north or south of the equator a place is located. The equator is the starting point for measuring latitude--that's why it's marked as 0 degrees latitude.

Is parallel of latitude? ›

The parallel of latitude is an imaginary line around the Earth that is parallel to the equator. An example of a parallel of latitude is the Arctic Circle that runs east - west around the Earth at a latitude of 66° 33' 44".

What is the total number of axis? ›

The icosahedron and dodecahedron, being mutually dual, share their symmetry axes, so one model can show all 31 axes of either. Again there are three kinds of axes.

What is called orbital plane? ›

An orbital plane is the flat, disk-shaped space that connects the center of the object being orbited with the center of the orbiting objects. Because all planets in our solar system share a similar orbital plane, planets don't run in to each other.

What is a leap year class 6? ›

The movement of the earth around the sun in a fixed path or an orbit is called Revolution. (c) Every fourth year, February has 29 days instead of 28 days. Such a year with 366 days is called a leap year.

What are 3 uses of maps? ›

Following are the three uses of map.
  • Helps people get their destinations successfully.
  • Used in knowing the boundaries of the land.
  • Used in the navigation of aircraft.

What are the 3 components of maps? ›

Three components of a map are: (i) Distance (ii) Direction (iii) Symbols
  • Which of the following is/are the basic component(s) of a map?
  • Which component of the map is used to find the direction in a map?
  • Which map component is used to find the meaning of the symbols used in a map?

What is a scale Class 6? ›

Scale is the ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on the map. Scale is very important on any map. If you know the scale, you will be able to calculate the distance between any two places on a map.

What is latitude and longitude short answer? ›

Latitudes are horizontal lines that measure distance north or south of the equator. Longitudes are vertical lines that measure east or west of the meridian in Greenwich, England. Together, latitude and longitude enable cartographers, geographers and others to locate points or places on the globe.

What are latitudes for Class 6? ›

Latitudes are imaginary lines that run from west to east, ranging from zero to 90 degrees. Another imaginary line on the globe that divides it into two equal parts at zero degree latitude is called the equator. The equator divides the earth into the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere.

What is longitude short answer? ›

Longitude is the measurement east or west of the prime meridian. Longitude is measured by imaginary lines that run around Earth vertically (up and down) and meet at the North and South Poles. These lines are known as meridians. Each meridian measures one arc degree of longitude.

What are latitudes answer? ›

Latitude is the measurement of distance north or south of the Equator. It is measured with 180 imaginary lines that form circles around Earth east-west, parallel to the Equator. These lines are known as parallels. A circle of latitude is an imaginary ring linking all points sharing a parallel.

Is the equator 0 longitude? ›

What is this? If you look at the intersection of 0 degrees latitude (known as the Equator) and 0 degrees longitude (known as the Prime Meridian) on a map, you will see that the confluence falls in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean, in the Gulf of Guinea off the coast of western Africa.

What are the lines of latitude called? ›

Lines of latitude, also called parallels, are imaginary lines that divide the Earth. They run east to west, but measure your distance north or south. The equator is the most well known parallel. At 0 degrees latitude, it equally divides the Earth into the Northern and Southern hemispheres.

What is longitude with diagram? ›

A longitude is an angle from the prime merdian, measured to the east (longitudes to the west are negative). Latitudes measure an angle up from the equator (latitudes to the south are negative). Figure 1. With an angle of longitude and an angle of latitude, we can locate any point on the surface of the earth.

Where is angle 6 latitudes formed? ›

A geographic coordinate that describes the north-south position of a place on the Earth's surface is known as latitude. The term "latitude" refers to an angle that spans from 0° at the Equator to 90° (North or South) at the poles.

Why latitude is called the angular distance? ›

The latitude denotes a geographical coordinate of a place located on the surface of the earth and is the angular distance of that point (north or south of the equator) measured with respect to the Centre of the Earth. Its value is zero at equator and 90 degrees at poles. Was this answer helpful?

Which parallel are not a circle? ›

The North and South Poles are not circles; they are points.

Where is 180 degrees longitude? ›

The international date line, established in 1884, passes through the mid-Pacific Ocean and roughly follows a 180 degrees longitude north-south line on the Earth. It is located halfway around the world from the prime meridian — the 0 degrees longitude line in Greenwich, England.

Why do we have 360 longitude and only 180 latitude? ›

The South Pole and the North Pole have separated by 180° apart, The longitude lines cross from the North Pole to the South Pole. While persisting on the North Pole, you can ideally recognize the whole circle of the globe. This is why it begins at zero and finishes at 360 longitudes.

Why there are 181 latitudes and 360 longitudes? ›

The longitude lines passes from North Pole to South Pole. While standing on the North Pole, you can perfectly see the complete circle of the earth. This is why it starts from zero and ends at 360 longitude. Latitude lines are the distance of particular place from the equator.

What are the 7 major lines of latitude? ›

Important lines of latitude:
  • the equator (0°)
  • the Tropic of Cancer (23.5° north)
  • the Tropic of Capricorn (23.5° south)
  • the Arctic circle (66.5° north)
  • the Antarctic circle (66.5° south)
  • the North Pole (90° north)
  • the South Pole (90° south)

What are the 5 most important latitudes? ›

Some Important Latitudes:
  • Equator (Latitude 0o)
  • Tropic of Cancer (Latitude 23.5oN)
  • Tropic of Capricorn (Latitude 23.5oS)
  • Arctic Circle (Latitude 66.5oN).
  • Antarctic Circle (Latitude 66.5oS).

What is important longitude? ›

The two main longitudes are the Prime Meridian and the 180° meridian. The two longitudes divide the earth into two equal halves, the Eastern Hemisphere and the Western Hemisphere. Therefore, the longitude of a place is followed by the letter E for the east and W for the west.

Videos

1. Class 6,Chapter 2-Latitudes & Longitudes l Geography-(Part 1)
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2. PART-2 Globe : Latitudes and Longitudes / Class-6 Geography NCERT Chapter 2 Explanation -KV Teacher
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3. PART-1 Globe : Latitudes and Longitudes / Class-6 Geography NCERT Chapter 2 Explanation -KV Teacher
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4. NCERT Class 6 Geography Chapter 2: Globe Latitudes and Longitudes
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5. Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 exercises (Globe : Latitudes and Longitudes)
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6. Globe : Latitudes and Longitudes | Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 [Full Chapter]
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