Test: AP Human Geography Chapter 10 - Flashcards | StudyHippo.com (2023)

Test: AP Human Geography Chapter 10 - Flashcards | StudyHippo.com (1) Briley Leonard

7 July 2022

question

Before the first agricultural revolution, people were engaged primarily in what type of agriculture?

answer

hunting and gathering

question

About how many years has farming existed?

answer

12,000 years

question

When did farming start?

answer

10,000 BC

question

What were 4 of the first important agricultural hearths?

answer

Fertile Crescent (SW Asia), Ancient Egypt, N. China, Indus Valley (S. Asia), Ethiopia

question

Where do most scientists think seed agriculture had its origin?

answer

SW Asia-Fertile Crescent

question

What was the dominant crop of the fertile crescent?

answer

Wheat and barley

question

What is the purpose of crop rotation?

answer

to maintain soil fertility

question

What was the driving force behind the diffusion of many of today's crops from their original source?

answer

As the industrial revolution creates factories, factories need raw materials which leads to colonialism and imperialism which causes crops to diffuse around the world

question

Which of the following countries owes its cotton fields to the influence of Great Britain?

answer

India

question

List 4 main factors related to the Green Revolution

answer

-automated or mechanical irrigation -pesticides, chemical fertilizers -plant hybridization -increased yield

question

Name 4 geographical realms significantly affected by the Green Revolution

answer

US, Middle East, Asia, Europe (everywhere other than Sub-Saharan Africa)

question

Name 4 consequences of the adoption of hybrid seeds

answer

-reduced genetic diversity -migration from rural farming to urban cities -heavy use or fertilizers and pesticides -heavy use of freshwater

question

What has been the consequence of genetically engineered foods?

answer

mad cow disease, artificial hormones, antibiotic overuse and harmful diseases

question

Name 4 practices of sustainable agriculture

answer

-sensitive use of land management systems -use of organic fertilizers -limited use of fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides -better integration of crops and livestock

question

agribusiness

answer

-the industrialization of agriculture

question

4 characteristics of the industrialization of agriculture

answer

-combining smaller farms into fewer, larger food production facilities -use of biotechnology and hybrid seeds -industrial substitutes are used for additional farming material

question

What innovation increased the production of livestock in Argentina and Australia in the late 19th century?

answer

refrigerated ships

question

What country purchases over half of the worlds annual production of coffee?

answer

USA

question

In what country were rubber trees first tapped?

answer

Brazil

question

what is the downside of LDC's becoming reliant on cash crops such as sugar, cacao and coffee?

answer

they are at the mercy of MDC's who purchase them

question

which unique rectangular scheme system in the US was adopted after the American Revolution?

answer

township and range

(Video) How I Got a 5 on the AP Human Geography Exam | Guaranteed and Easy Ways to Get a 5 on the APHG Exam

question

what is a form of village that still exists today in many rural areas?

answer

walled villages

question

Rural housing throughout the world reflects different housing types based on what type of environment?

answer

cultural

question

Who does most of the agricultural work in Africa and much of the less developed world?

answer

women

question

economic activities are grouped into five major aggregates of productive activities. which denotes the extractive sector?

answer

primary: products close to the ground

question

what is desertification and where is it occurring?

answer

degradation of land in arid areas due to man-made activities. Sahel, North Africa

answer

less people working in agriculture, the richer the country is. lost of farmers-> more subsistence

question

where in the world has many wooded areas been deforested to provide beef for hamburgers for fast-food chains in the US

answer

Brazil and Thailand

question

Where does slash and burn agriculture exist in the world?

answer

tropical rainforests

question

Which type of agriculture is primarily found in less developed countries?

answer

small, family farms that grow vegetables, eggs, corn and fruit. intensive subsistence and plantation.

question

define subsistence farming and indicate where in the world it is still prevalent

answer

subsistence farming-growing enough food to survive,small, family farms that grow vegetables, eggs, corn and fruit. prevalent in LDC's

question

Name 3 characteristics of rice production

answer

1. SE Asia, E. India, SE China 2. labor intensive 3.small plots 4. major food staple of Asia 5. not exported

question

which type of agriculture involves the greatest percentage of people in the world today?

answer

intensive subsistence

question

3 characteristics of Extensive agriculture

answer

1. large, extensive areas 2. few inputs, but heavy machinery usage 3. dependent on natural conditions 4. food value crops

question

what was the most important factor in Von Thunen's model of agricultural land use in 1826?

answer

cost of transportation governs use of land

question

why did Von Thunen call his book "The Isolated State"?

answer

refers to the self contained situation

question

in the Von Thunen model ,what does the second concentric circle around the city represent?

answer

dairy

question

What are the concentric circles in order from urban->rural

answer

city, dairy, forest, cattle/grazing land

question

In the Von Thunen model, what product is most likely to locate closest to urban areas?

answer

market gardening and dairying

question

Name 4 reasons why the decline in the number of US farms

answer

-higher yields of milk per cow -less demand for milk products -increased use of machinery in milk production -increased size of individual dairy heads

question

What are two agricultural products prevalent in the Corn Belt?

answer

hogs and cattle

question

name the top 4 wheat exporting countries...

answer

US, China, Canada and India

question

What agricultural product does the USA lead in?

answer

wheat

question

which type of agriculture has increased significantly in the US since 1970?

answer

chicken and broiler farming

(Video) how to self study ap human geography (and get a 5)

question

Mediterranean crops in the US are most likely to be found in which states

answer

California and Oregon

question

Name 4 crops that are typically found in Mediterranean Agriculture...

answer

olives, grapes, nuts and fruits

question

List 2 products typically found in Florida:

answer

citrus and sugarcane

question

List 2 products typically found in the Great Plains:

answer

winter and spring wheat

question

List 2 products typically found in the Midwest:

answer

corn and soybeans

question

List 2 products typically found in the northwest:

answer

potatoes, fish and mushrooms

question

List 2 products typically found in the Southeast

answer

apples, lettuce and tomatoes

question

What is the major form of agriculture in the Southeast US?

answer

commercial gardening/truck gardening

question

Name 3 characteristics of plantation agriculture:

answer

capital intensive, specialized mono-cropping, large scale

question

Name 3 crops of plantation farming that are examples of export-based agriculture:

answer

bananas, cocoa, coconuts, coffee, cotton, sugarcane, rubber and tea

question

Before the first agricultural revolution, people were engaged primarily in what type of agriculture?

answer

hunting and gathering

question

About how many years has farming existed?

answer

12,000 years

question

When did farming start?

answer

10,000 BC

question

What were 4 of the first important agricultural hearths?

answer

Fertile Crescent (SW Asia), Ancient Egypt, N. China, Indus Valley (S. Asia), Ethiopia

question

Where do most scientists think seed agriculture had its origin?

answer

SW Asia-Fertile Crescent

question

What was the dominant crop of the fertile crescent?

answer

Wheat and barley

question

What is the purpose of crop rotation?

answer

to maintain soil fertility

question

What was the driving force behind the diffusion of many of today's crops from their original source?

answer

As the industrial revolution creates factories, factories need raw materials which leads to colonialism and imperialism which causes crops to diffuse around the world

question

Which of the following countries owes its cotton fields to the influence of Great Britain?

answer

India

question

List 4 main factors related to the Green Revolution

answer

-automated or mechanical irrigation -pesticides, chemical fertilizers -plant hybridization -increased yield

question

Name 4 geographical realms significantly affected by the Green Revolution

(Video) How to Study for AP Human Geography: 9 Tips to Get a 5 in 2022 | Albert

answer

US, Middle East, Asia, Europe (everywhere other than Sub-Saharan Africa)

question

Name 4 consequences of the adoption of hybrid seeds

answer

-reduced genetic diversity -migration from rural farming to urban cities -heavy use or fertilizers and pesticides -heavy use of freshwater

question

What has been the consequence of genetically engineered foods?

answer

mad cow disease, artificial hormones, antibiotic overuse and harmful diseases

question

Name 4 practices of sustainable agriculture

answer

-sensitive use of land management systems -use of organic fertilizers -limited use of fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides -better integration of crops and livestock

question

agribusiness

answer

-the industrialization of agriculture

question

4 characteristics of the industrialization of agriculture

answer

-combining smaller farms into fewer, larger food production facilities -use of biotechnology and hybrid seeds -industrial substitutes are used for additional farming material

question

What innovation increased the production of livestock in Argentina and Australia in the late 19th century?

answer

refrigerated ships

question

What country purchases over half of the worlds annual production of coffee?

answer

USA

question

In what country were rubber trees first tapped?

answer

Brazil

question

what is the downside of LDC's becoming reliant on cash crops such as sugar, cacao and coffee?

answer

they are at the mercy of MDC's who purchase them

question

which unique rectangular scheme system in the US was adopted after the American Revolution?

answer

township and range

question

what is a form of village that still exists today in many rural areas?

answer

walled villages

question

Rural housing throughout the world reflects different housing types based on what type of environment?

answer

cultural

question

Who does most of the agricultural work in Africa and much of the less developed world?

answer

women

question

economic activities are grouped into five major aggregates of productive activities. which denotes the extractive sector?

answer

primary: products close to the ground

question

what is desertification and where is it occurring?

answer

degradation of land in arid areas due to man-made activities. Sahel, North Africa

question

is there a relationship between the percentage of a country's labor force and the number of subsistence farms, if so, what is it?

question

where in the world has many wooded areas been deforested to provide beef for hamburgers for fast-food chains in the US

answer

Brazil and Thailand

question

Where does slash and burn agriculture exist in the world?

answer

tropical rainforests

question

Which type of agriculture is primarily found in less developed countries?

answer

small, family farms that grow vegetables, eggs, corn and fruit. intensive subsistence and plantation.

question

define subsistence farming and indicate where in the world it is still prevalent

answer

subsistence farming-growing enough food to survive,small, family farms that grow vegetables, eggs, corn and fruit. prevalent in LDC's

question

Name 3 characteristics of rice production

answer

1. SE Asia, E. India, SE China 2. labor intensive 3.small plots 4. major food staple of Asia 5. not exported

question

which type of agriculture involves the greatest percentage of people in the world today?

answer

intensive subsistence

(Video) Barron's AP Human Geography Flash Cards, 2nd Edition

question

3 characteristics of Extensive agriculture

answer

1. large, extensive areas 2. few inputs, but heavy machinery usage 3. dependent on natural conditions 4. food value crops

question

what was the most important factor in Von Thunen's model of agricultural land use in 1826?

answer

cost of transportation governs use of land

question

why did Von Thunen call his book "The Isolated State"?

answer

refers to the self contained situation

question

in the Von Thunen model ,what does the second concentric circle around the city represent?

answer

dairy

question

What are the concentric circles in order from urban->rural

answer

city, dairy, forest, cattle/grazing land

question

In the Von Thunen model, what product is most likely to locate closest to urban areas?

answer

market gardening and dairying

question

Name 4 reasons why the decline in the number of US farms

answer

-higher yields of milk per cow -less demand for milk products -increased use of machinery in milk production -increased size of individual dairy heads

question

What are two agricultural products prevalent in the Corn Belt?

answer

hogs and cattle

question

name the top 4 wheat exporting countries...

answer

US, China, Canada and India

question

What agricultural product does the USA lead in?

answer

wheat

question

which type of agriculture has increased significantly in the US since 1970?

answer

chicken and broiler farming

question

Mediterranean crops in the US are most likely to be found in which states

answer

California and Oregon

question

Name 4 crops that are typically found in Mediterranean Agriculture...

answer

olives, grapes, nuts and fruits

question

List 2 products typically found in Florida:

answer

citrus and sugarcane

question

List 2 products typically found in the Great Plains:

answer

winter and spring wheat

question

List 2 products typically found in the Midwest:

answer

corn and soybeans

question

List 2 products typically found in the northwest:

answer

potatoes, fish and mushrooms

question

List 2 products typically found in the Southeast

answer

apples, lettuce and tomatoes

question

What is the major form of agriculture in the Southeast US?

answer

commercial gardening/truck gardening

question

Name 3 characteristics of plantation agriculture:

answer

capital intensive, specialized mono-cropping, large scale

question

Name 3 crops of plantation farming that are examples of export-based agriculture:

answer

bananas, cocoa, coconuts, coffee, cotton, sugarcane, rubber and tea

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