The North American Geography Quiz (2022)

By: Sarah Gleim

2 min

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The North American Geography Quiz (1)

Image: Anson_iStock/iStock/Thinkstock

About This Quiz

When it comes to North America's magnitude, the numbers speak for themselves: it covers an area of 9,540,000 square miles and covers about 16.5 percent of the earth's terrain. The continent is home to Canada, the United States, Mexico, plus other countries in Central America and the Caribbean, so it should come as no surprise that the population surpasses 500 million people. With such immense size comes immense variety in landscape and climate, from the ice cold of Greenland to the tropical Caribbean.

The continent is mainly associated with the United States, but this quiz will be a real test for any self-proclaimed geography expert. Expect to find yourself considering all aspects of the continent from mountain ranges to lakes to the people. The natural beauty in North America draws tourists from all over the world but this quiz is going to make you question just how well you know these natural wonders.

After you get through all 30 questions, we guarantee that you'll be smarter than when you started and full of a newfound appreciation for the grandeur of North America. So go ahead and dive into this challenge.

Which North American river would you cross to travel from El Paso, Texas, to Ciudad Juarez, Mexico?

Mississippi

Missouri

Rio Grande

The Rio Grande River separates the Texan and Mexican towns.

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What is the current population of North America?

50 million

100 million

More than 500 million

The population of North America is expected to reach more than 533 million in 2016.

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True or false: Canada is the world's second largest country in total area.

True

This is true. Canada spans more than 3,855,100 square miles (9,984,670 square kilometers).

False

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What mountain range includes North America's major Continental Divide?

The Sierra Nevadas

The Rocky Mountains

The Great Divide runs north and south through the Rocky Mountains.

The Cascade Range

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What region of North America is made of large expanses of prairie and steppe?

The Great Plains

The Great Plains features a broad expanse of prairie and steppe that lies east of the Rocky Mountains in both the United States and Canada.

The Great Basin

The Atlantic Seaboard

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How many countries in North America are landlocked?

Zero

Every country in North America borders an ocean. Canada, the United States, and Mexico border both the Atlantic and the Pacific.

(Video) Can You Name a Country?

One

Two

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What kind of minerals have been mined in the Rocky Mountains?

Copper, lead and gold.

Tungsten, zinc and uranium.

All of the above.

The Rocky Mountain region has been mined for its copper, lead, gold, silver, tungsten, uranium and zinc.

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What engineering marvel in North America connects the Atlantic and Pacific oceans?

Alaskan Inside Passage

Hoover Dam

Panama Canal

The 50-mile (80-kilometer) Panama Canal, which was completed in 1914, is one of the most important waterways in the world — by connecting the Atlantic and Pacific oceans through the Isthmus of Panama, it dramatically shortens shipping routes.

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Where is the lowest elevation in North America?

The Badlands

Death Valley

Death Valley's Badwater Basin in Furnace Creek, California, has the lowest elevation in North America at 282 feet (86 meters) below sea level.

Mojave Desert

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True or false: Three countries make up most of North America's land mass.

True

Canada, the United States and Mexico account for most of the North America land mass.

False

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What is North America's largest mountain range?

Cascade Range

Rocky Mountains

The Rocky Mountains are the largest chain in North America, stretching from British Columbia, Canada, to New Mexico.

Appalachian Mountains

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True or false: Nearly 80 percent of Greenland is covered in ice.

True

Greenland’s major physical feature is its massive ice sheet, which is second only to Antarctica’s in size. The Greenland ice sheet covers more than 700,000 square miles (1.8 million square km) — more than 80 percent of its total land area.

False

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True or false: The Florida Everglades are the largest wetland system in the United States.

True

The Everglades cover more than 4,300 square miles (11,137 square kilometers) of southern Florida.

False

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What is the most populous city in North America?

New York City

Mexico City

Mexico City is identified as the most populous city in North America, with a population of nearly 20 million.

Los Angeles

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What is the largest freshwater lake in the North America?

Lake Superior

Lake Superior the largest freshwater lake in North America.

Lake Huron

Lake Michigan

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What two mountain ranges run along the entire Pacific Coast?

Sierra Nevada and Cascades

Both the Sierra Nevada and Cascades follow the Pacific Coast, shielding the humid winds that sweep in from the ocean.

Sierra Nevada and Alaska Range

Cascades and Canadian Shield

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True or false: It took more than 60 years to build the Hoover Dam.

True

False

It took more than 60 years from the time Maj. John Wesley Powell began to conduct geological studies of the Colorado River in 1869 until construction on the dam began in 1933. It only took five years to complete construction.

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What is the highest peak in North America?

Denali

Denali, which is located within Denali National Park and Preserve in Alaska, stands at 20,320 feet (6,194 meters).

Mount Logan

Iztaccihuatl

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How many islands, reefs and cays make up the Caribbean region of North America?

More than 200

(Video) Guess the Country in the Americas (Map Quiz)

More than 2,500

More than 7,000

The Caribbean region includes more than 7,000 islands, islets, reefs and cays. Some have relatively flat and sandy terrain, while others are rugged, mountainous and volcanic.

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What mountain range in North America includes some of the youngest mountains on Earth?

Appalachian Mountains

Rocky Mountains

Cascade Range

Some of Earth's youngest mountains are in the Cascade Range of the U.S. states of Washington, Oregon and California, where some peaks began to form only about 1 million years ago.

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How much of the world's freshwater do the Great Lakes hold?

15

20

The Great Lakes — Lake Superior, Lake Michigan, Lake Huron, Lake Erie and Lake Ontario — contain about 20 percent of the world's freshwater.

25

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How many physical regions is North America divided into?

Five

North America is divided into five physical regions: the mountainous West, the Great Plains, the Canadian Shield, the varied eastern region and the Caribbean.

Six

Eight

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What's the largest volcano in the United States?

Mount St. Helens

Mauna Loa

While Kilauea in Hawaii is considered one of (if not the) most dangerous volcanoes in the U.S., it's actually Mauna Loa that is the largest.

Kilauea

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What is the longest river in North America?

Mississippi

Missouri

The Missouri River is North America's longest river, beginning in western Montana and ending 2,341 miles (3,767 kilometers) away, north of St. Louis, Missouri, where it enters the Mississippi River.

Rio Grande

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True or false: North America has three major desert regions.

True

False

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The four major desert regions — Great Basin Desert, Sonoran Desert, Chihuahuan Desert and Mojave Desert — are all in the American Southwest and Northern Mexico.

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How many countries make up North America?

5

18

23

There are a total of 23 countries in North America, including all of the Caribbean and Central American countries, Bermuda, Canada, Mexico, the United States and Greenland.

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True or false: British Columbia borders two states.

True

False

British Columbia borders four states: Washington, Idaho, Montana and Alaska.

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How many major bodies of water does North America border?

Three

Four

North America borders four major bodies of water: the Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Arctic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico.

Five

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North America is the ______ largest continent.

First

Second

Third

North America is the third largest continent, after Asia and Africa.

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North America is the only continent with what?

Volcanoes and tornados.

Every type of climate.

Weather varies dramatically across the North American landscape. Climates range from arctic cold to equatorial heat and everything in between.

Mountains and islands.

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You Got: /30

Anson_iStock/iStock/Thinkstock

The North American Geography Quiz (2)

Image: Anson_iStock/iStock/Thinkstock

About This Quiz

When it comes to North America's magnitude, the numbers speak for themselves: it covers an area of 9,540,000 square miles and covers about 16.5 percent of the earth's terrain. The continent is home to Canada, the United States, Mexico, plus other countries in Central America and the Caribbean, so it should come as no surprise that the population surpasses 500 million people. With such immense size comes immense variety in landscape and climate, from the ice cold of Greenland to the tropical Caribbean.

The continent is mainly associated with the United States, but this quiz will be a real test for any self-proclaimed geography expert. Expect to find yourself considering all aspects of the continent from mountain ranges to lakes to the people. The natural beauty in North America draws tourists from all over the world but this quiz is going to make you question just how well you know these natural wonders.

After you get through all 30 questions, we guarantee that you'll be smarter than when you started and full of a newfound appreciation for the grandeur of North America. So go ahead and dive into this challenge.

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FAQs

What is the geography of North America? ›

North America can be divided into five physical regions: the mountainous west, the Great Plains, the Canadian Shield, the varied eastern region, and the Caribbean. Mexico and Central America's western coast are connected to the mountainous west, while its lowlands and coastal plains extend into the eastern region.

What are some questions about North America? ›

More North America Quiz & Trivia Questions

Which is the largest city on the North American continent? Which North American countries border the Pacific Ocean? Which is the national animal of the USA? Which is the most populous state of the United States of America?

How many countries are in North America? ›

The continent of North America is located in the Western Hemisphere and Northern Hemisphere and spans more than 24,709,000 km² (9,540,000 mi²). There are 23 countries in North America, as well as more than two dozen non-sovereign territories, including Bermuda, Aruba, the Cayman Islands, Greenland, and Puerto Rico.

Who is bigger country? ›

The largest country in the world is Russia with a total area of 17,098,242 Km² (6,601,665 mi²) and a land area of 16,376,870 Km² (6,323,142 mi²), equivalent to 11% of the total world's landmass of 148,940,000 Km² (57,510,000 square miles).

Which 3 physical features are all in North America? ›

North America is the third largest continent in the world by land area. It is made up of physical characteristics including water bodies, rivers, mountains, and valleys.

Which countries are in North America? ›

North America

What strait separates Asia from North America? ›

Bering Strait, Russian Proliv Beringa, strait linking the Arctic Ocean with the Bering Sea and separating the continents of Asia and North America at their closest point. The strait averages 98 to 164 feet (30 to 50 metres) in depth and at its narrowest is about 53 miles (85 km) wide.

When was America discovered? ›

Explorer Christopher Columbus (1451–1506) is known for his 1492 'discovery' of the New World of the Americas on board his ship Santa Maria.

Which country is No 1 in world? ›

United States. The United States of America is a North American nation that is the world's most dominant economic and military power.

What was America called before America? ›

The earlier Spanish explorers referred to the area as the Indies believing, as did Columbus, that it was a part of eastern Asia.

What are the three largest countries in North America? ›

Canada (3,854,083 square miles) United States (3,617,827 square miles) Mexico (758,249 square miles)

Is Russia a 3rd world country? ›

By the first definition, some examples of second world countries include: Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Russia, and China, among others.

Which is the strongest country? ›

The United States of America. According to the 2020 study, the United States is the world's most powerful country (published in 2021). The United States has the largest economy in the world, with a GDP of $20.93 trillion in 2020, and the highest military spending, with $778 billion in 2020.

What is the world smallest country? ›

The smallest country in the world is Vatican City, with a landmass of just 0.49 square kilometers (0.19 square miles). Vatican City is an independent state surrounded by Rome. Vatican City is not the only small country located inside Italy.

What is North American known for? ›

Unsurprisingly, given this diversity, there are many famous and spectacular geographical features on the North American continent. These include the Appalachian Mountains and Rocky Mountains, the Mississippi River, the Great Lakes, Niagara Falls and many more.

What is the largest city in North America? ›

Mexico City

What are 3 interesting facts about North America? ›

There is no landlocked country in North America! North America was first populated about 10,000 years ago when people moved across the Bering Sea between Siberia and Alaska. First records are found on the island of Greenland from about 980.

Are there only 3 countries in North America? ›

Countries in North America – The three big ones

The North American Continent is dominated by three large countries: Canada, the United States of America and Mexico.

Why is it called North America? ›

North America and South America are named after Italian navigator Amerigo Vespucci. Vespucci was the first European to suggest that the Americas were not part of the East Indies, but an entirely separate landmass.

What resources are found in North America? ›

North America is a leading producer of coal, used in energy production; bauxite, used to create aluminum; iron and copper, both used in construction; and nickel, used to create steel, which North American companies export around the world. Gold and silver mines operate in the western part of the continent.

What are the 7 countries in North America? ›

The term Northern America refers to the northernmost countries and territories of North America: the United States, Bermuda, St. Pierre and Miquelon, Canada, and Greenland.

Is Africa bigger than North America? ›

The continents are, from largest to smallest: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe, and Australia.

What countries are in North America map? ›

Northern American Countries

There are three countries on the North American continent: Canada, Mexico and the United States of America.

How many straits are in North America? ›

Travelers are voting Bronx Kill, Sullorsuaq Strait and Sarqarput Strait as the best of 22 straits in North America. Also popular are Torsukattak Strait, Ikaasaartik Strait and Davis Strait in Greenland. Want more? Check out our map of straits in North America or these 11 straits in United States.

Which is the smallest ocean in the world answer? ›

The Arctic Ocean is the smallest of the world's five ocean basins. A polar bear walks on the frozen surface of the Arctic Ocean.

Which ocean separates North America from Africa? ›

The Atlantic Ocean lies between North and South America on the west and Europe and Africa on the east. Up north, the Atlantic connects to the Arctic Ocean and to the Southern Ocean to the south.

Who settled America first? ›

The Spanish were among the first Europeans to explore the New World and the first to settle in what is now the United States. By 1650, however, England had established a dominant presence on the Atlantic coast. The first colony was founded at Jamestown, Virginia, in 1607.

Who landed in America first? ›

It's an annual holiday that commemorates the day on October 12, 1492, when the Italian explorer Christopher Columbus officially set foot in the Americas, and claimed the land for Spain.

Who lived in North America first? ›

In the 1970s, college students in archaeology such as myself learned that the first human beings to arrive in North America had come over a land bridge from Asia and Siberia approximately 13,000 to 13,500 years ago. These people, the first North Americans, were known collectively as Clovis people.

What is the most free country? ›

2022 rankings

In the 2022 index, New Zealand is ranked most free overall, while North Korea is last.

Who is stronger China or USA? ›

The United States enjoys overwhelming advantages over China. The United States outweighs China in terms of gross domestic product (GDP), technology, and military spending. China's GDP is 15 percent of global GDP, compared to 24 percent of the United States.

What is America's nickname? ›

On this day in 1813, the United States gets its nickname, Uncle Sam. The name is linked to Samuel Wilson, a meat packer from Troy, New York, who supplied barrels of beef to the United States Army during the War of 1812.

Who named the USA? ›

Thomas Jefferson is credited as being the first person to come up with the name, which he used while drafting the Declaration of Independence.

What did the Indians call North America? ›

Turtle Island is a name for Earth or North America, used by some Indigenous peoples, as well as by some Indigenous rights activists. The name is based on a common North American Indigenous creation story and is in some cultures synonymous with "North America."

What is the main language in North America? ›

1. English. With approximately 334 million speakers, English easily comes in at number one on the list of most spoken languages in North America.

What is the youngest country in North America? ›

The youngest territory in the Americas is Guatemala (21 years), the youngest in Europe is Kosovo (27.8), while the world's average age is 29.7.

What is the most popular country in North America? ›

The United States of America is the most populous country in North America, followed by Mexico.

Is China a 1st world country? ›

The United States, Canada, Japan, South Korea, Western European nations and their allies represented the "First World", while the Soviet Union, China, Cuba, North Korea, Vietnam and their allies represented the "Second World".

Is Israel a 1st world country? ›

It can be defined succinctly as Europe, plus the richer countries of the former British Empire (USA, Canada, Australia, Singapore, New Zealand), Israel, Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan.

Is Ukraine rich or poor? ›

Economy of Ukraine
Statistics
GDP per capita rank112th (nominal, 2021) 107th (PPP, 2021)
GDP by sectorAgriculture: 12.2% Industry: 28.6% Services: 60% (2017 est.)
Population below poverty line1.3% (2018) 0.4% on less than $3.20/day (2020f)
Gini coefficient26.1 low (2018, World Bank)
35 more rows

Who is stronger Russia or USA? ›

In short, Russia is ranked 2nd out of 140 in military strength while the US is ranked 1st. As per the army population, Russia has 142,320,790 soldiers while The US has 334,998,398 soldiers. The available manpower is 69,737,187 with Russia and 147,399,295 with the United States.

Who is the number 1 superpower in the world? ›

United States. The United States of America is a North American nation that is the world's most dominant economic and military power.

Which country is the best for living? ›

  • Sweden. #1 in Quality of Life. #5 in Best Countries Overall. ...
  • Denmark. #2 in Quality of Life. #10 in Best Countries Overall. ...
  • Canada. #3 in Quality of Life. ...
  • Switzerland. #4 in Quality of Life. ...
  • Norway. #5 in Quality of Life. ...
  • Finland. #6 in Quality of Life. ...
  • Germany. #7 in Quality of Life. ...
  • Netherlands. #8 in Quality of Life.

Which country is the center of the world? ›

Woods, a physicist with Gulf Energy and Environmental Systems in San Diego, California, used a digital global map and calculated the coordinates on a mainframe system as 39°00′N 34°00′E, in modern-day Turkey, near the district of Kırşehir, Kırşehir Province, approx. 1,800 km north of Giza.

What country begins with the letter D? ›

D
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  • Denmark.
  • Djibouti.
  • Dominica.
  • Dominican Republic.
  • Duchy of Parma, The*

What are the four major geographical regions in North America? ›

The continent can be divided into four great regions (each of which contains many sub-regions): the Great Plains stretching from the Gulf of Mexico to the Canadian Arctic; the geologically young, mountainous west, including the Rocky Mountains, the Great Basin, California and Alaska; the raised but relatively flat ...

What is the geography of South America? ›

South America can be divided into three physical regions: mountains and highlands, river basins, and coastal plains. Mountains and coastal plains generally run in a north-south direction, while highlands and river basins generally run in an east-west direction.

What is North America surrounded by? ›

The continent of North America in Earth's northern hemisphere, bordered on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the east by the North Atlantic Ocean, on the southeast by the Caribbean Sea, and on the south and west by the North Pacific Ocean.

What are the 7 countries in North America? ›

The term Northern America refers to the northernmost countries and territories of North America: the United States, Bermuda, St. Pierre and Miquelon, Canada, and Greenland.

Why is it called North America? ›

North America and South America are named after Italian navigator Amerigo Vespucci. Vespucci was the first European to suggest that the Americas were not part of the East Indies, but an entirely separate landmass.

What are the 9 major regions of North America? ›

The CASCs are divided into nine regions across the United States: Alaska, Midwest, Northwest, North Central, Northeast, Pacific Islands, Southwest, South Central, and Southeast.

What is the largest city in North America? ›

Mexico City

Who was the first to discover North America? ›

Before Columbus

We know now that Columbus was among the last explorers to reach the Americas, not the first. Five hundred years before Columbus, a daring band of Vikings led by Leif Eriksson set foot in North America and established a settlement.

What are the five regions of North America? ›

A common way of referring to regions in the United States is grouping them into 5 regions according to their geographic position on the continent: the Northeast, Southwest, West, Southeast, and Midwest.

How big is North America? ›

What ocean separates North America Europe? ›

The Atlantic Ocean lies between North and South America on the west and Europe and Africa on the east. Up north, the Atlantic connects to the Arctic Ocean and to the Southern Ocean to the south.

What makes up North America? ›

The term Northern America refers to the northern portion of the continent. It includes the world's largest island Greenland and the sovereign states of Canada, the United States, and Mexico.

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