The role of geography in the definition and solution of the problems associated with the Soviet economy (2023)


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Volume 7, Issue 3,


, Pages 161-166

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Today, geographical science is a complex, expanding system. The continuous process of differentiation of geographical science an objective process, determined by the demands of society. These demands by particular branches of the national economy are often narrow and, at times, even contradictory. Nevertheless, as a whole, numerous more or less particular geographical specialists play an important role in the national economy. Geographical sciences, unfortunately, overestimate their partial achievements in certain branches of the economy. Dr. Harvey in his book “Scientific Explanations in Geography” urged the geographers to use philosophy, mathematical logic, system analysis, topology and cartography in their work. We also support the concentrated development of geographical theory but unlike D. Harvey, we pay much attention to the social practice. No with of the most talented geographers can help geographical theory as much as the solution of the great problems of the national economy, which requires a synthetic geographical approach and the creation of a theoretical basic for the development of geographical systems, structures and processes: a spatial-temporal approach, combining cartographic and historical methods of scientific investigation; geographical forecasting, geographical modelling and thorough application of mathematical analysis and forecast. There are some important problems of the national economy, whose solution of which demands broad and integrated geographical approach:


1. Problems of the integrated development of industrial regions of the forest zone of European Russia.


2. Problems of the integrated development of Industry and water supply for the densely populated fertile plains of southern European Russia.

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3. Problems of the expansion of irrigated areas, water supply and intensification of the economy of Kazakhstan, Middle Asia and Transcaucasus.


4. Problems of development of transport, industry, hunting and fishing as well as agriculture for Siberia and the Far East.


5. Territorial division of labour among the Western, Eastern and Southern ragions of the USSR.

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What is the role of geography? ›

Geography helps us to explore and understand space and place - recognising the great differences in cultures, political systems, economies, landscapes and environments across the world, and exploring the links between them.

What is the importance of economic geography? ›

Economic geography is important in developed nations such as the United States because it allows researchers to understand the structure of the area's economy and its economic relationship with other areas around the world.

What is the theory of economic geography? ›

Theoretical economic geography focuses on building theories about spatial arrangement and distribution of economic activities. Regional economic geography examines the economic conditions of particular regions or countries of the world. It deals with economic regionalization as well as local economic development.

What are the fundamental concepts of economic geography? ›

Ans: The key concepts in economic geography include location, transportation, resources, and trade. By understanding these concepts, we can better understand how businesses are located and how people travel and trade.

What are the 5 importance of geography? ›

It's more important than you think — learning geography will help you better understand news, help fight climate change, be a part of a global community, understand cultures, and learn history.

What is a simple definition of geography? ›

Geography is the study of places and the relationships between people and their environments. Geographers explore both the physical properties of Earth's surface and the human societies spread across it.

What is an economic factor in geography? ›

How can this be? Economic Factors. The way people make a living – the jobs performed, the occupations and professions pursued, the products produced, and services provided – represent an important cultural component of their existence.

What is an example of economic geography? ›

Economic geography has a long pedigree. Its traditional focus has been the distribution of various productive activities—with subdivisions into, for example, the geography of agriculture, industrial geography, and the geography of services—and patterns of trade such as transport geography.

How important is geography to the development of a nation? ›

One of the most important factors in development is geography, where the country is in the world, and climate. It's no coincidence that the poorest countries are in the tropics, where it is hot, the land is less fertile, water is more scarce, where diseases flourish.

How does geography affect the economy of a region? ›

Location and climate have large effects on income levels and income growth through their effects on transport costs, disease burdens, and agricultural productivity, among other channels. Geography also seems to affect economic policy choices.

What is the history of economic geography? ›

Historical economic geography examines the history and development of spatial economic structure. Using historical data, it examines how centers of population and economic activity shift, what patterns of regional specialization and localization evolve over time and what factors explain these changes.

Who is the founder of economic geography? ›

Through these contributions to trade theory and economic geography, Krugman is often credited as being one of the pioneering researchers in the New Trade Theory and the founding father of the New Economic Geography.

What is economic geography and its nature and scope? ›

In the words of Hartshorn and Alexander: “Economic Geography is the study of the spatial variation on the earth's surface of activities related to producing, exchanging and consuming goods and services. Whenever possible the goal is to develop generalizations and theories to account for these spatial variations.”

What is economic geography write its scope and nature? ›

In the words of Hartshorn and Alexander: “Economic Geography is the study of the spatial. variation on the earth's surface of activities related to producing, exchanging and consuming. goods and services. Whenever possible the goal is to develop generalizations and theories to. account for these spatial variations.”

What is the difference between economics and economic geography? ›

Geographical economics seeks to build a spatial dimension into broad theories of economic development and change, while economic geography represents the traditional geographer's approach which is focused on descriptions of the spatial distribution of economic activity.

What are the 10 importance of geography? ›

Geography helps students to understand the physical world, such as land, air, water, and ecology. It also helps them to understand human environments, such as societies and communities. This also includes economics, social and cultural issues, and sometimes morals and ethics.

What is the most important type of geography? ›

Human Geography:

This is an important branch of geography that mainly involves the study of human race.

What are types of geography? ›

There are three main strands of geography:
  • Physical geography: nature and the effects it has on people and/or the environment.
  • Human geography: concerned with people.
  • Environmental geography: how people can harm or protect the environment.

What are the 10 importance of geography? ›

Geography helps students to understand the physical world, such as land, air, water, and ecology. It also helps them to understand human environments, such as societies and communities. This also includes economics, social and cultural issues, and sometimes morals and ethics.

What are the importance and role of geography in tourism? ›

Importance of geography in tourism.

Physical geography provides the essential background, against which tourism places are created and environmental impacts and concerns are major issues, that must be considered in managing the development of tourism places.

What is the importance of geography in history? ›

Geography is important to history because it can sometimes explain historical events or put them in a context that makes them more understandable.

What are the 3 types geography? ›

There are three main strands of geography:
  • Physical geography: nature and the effects it has on people and/or the environment.
  • Human geography: concerned with people.
  • Environmental geography: how people can harm or protect the environment.


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