UPSC MAINS PAPER 2020 (GS 1): ANALYSIS, APPROACH and REFERENCES - How IASbaba was Helpful? GENERAL STUDIES PAPER 1 | IASbaba (2023)

Dear Aspirants,

What do you think real happiness is? For us, it is the sense of achievement which one receives after putting in efforts to get something and then reaping the desired results. Today we would like to share our happiness with you.

For the past 6 years, we have been doing one thing with great passion and dedication. Yes! We love to guide the Civil Service aspirants. We have channelised all our energies and dedicated all our efforts into creating an ecosystem that gives every aspirant a chance to crack the prestigious civil services examination with Rank-1, even if he/she is in the remotest corner of the country. In this process, we have developed, designed, and dedicated a series of initiatives for Civil Services Exam preparation.

The quality of these initiatives has been proven time and again. It has become a norm to have high Hit Ratios in Prelims and Mains from the initiatives of IASbaba, namely Integrated Learning Programme (ILP) and Think Learn and Perform (TLP).

For the last 6 years, we have managed to hit the bull’s eye when it comes to GS Mains papers.

This article is not to boast about the Hit Ratio of our initiatives in any case. It would not be right to say that these many questions, directly or indirectly came from our initiatives just by using keywords of the UPSC questions. In that way, if we frame questions over the year on all keywords in the UPSC syllabus our hit ratio will be 100%. However, you are smart enough to analyse the importance of our initiatives and its very close resemblance to actual UPSC papers.

Rather than focusing on the numbers try to focus on the significance of these initiatives and make them a part of your preparation. Hard work should be done smartly to have a better Input-Output ratio of efforts and results.

Below we have come up with the Analysis and Approach for each question of General Studies (GS) Paper 1 that was asked by UPSC along with the links and references of IASbaba questions/ articles. After going through this article, you will realise that just by sincerely following the initiatives on our platform, your chances of success in the Mains stage would have increased dramatically.

[QUESTION PAPER] GENERAL STUDIES PAPER 1 (GS1) – UPSC CIVIL SERVICES (CSE) MAINS EXAMINATION 2020 – CLICK HERE
[VIDEO] GS1 GS2, GS3, GS4 & ESSAY ANALYSIS –UPSC MAINS 2020 by IASbaba->CLICK HERE

NOTE: PDF of Analysis is provided at the end of the post.

OVERVIEW of GENERAL STUDIES (GS) PAPER 1:

Most of the questions were of easy to moderate level. However, questions were a mix of both static and analytical parts. To fetch good marks, one must have a comprehensive understanding of the concepts and historical events.

Art and Culture (Q.1, 2, 11, 12, and 19): There are five questions in this year’s paper. It is a mix of performing arts and architecture-based questions. The questions are of moderate level except for the 19th, which is slightly on the difficult side.

Modern History (3, and 13): Two questions are asked from this section which are mostly analytical in nature. The questions require a holistic understanding of both events. For example, the question on the ‘Lord Curzon and its implications on the national movement’ is asking for long term implications which can be extended up to independence. The questions are of moderate level as the themes of these questions are repetitive.

Geography (4, 5, 6, 7, 14, 15, 16, and 17): Eight questions have been asked from Geography. The questions are a mix of both analytical and static parts of the syllabus. The questions are from easy to moderate level. Almost all the concepts are asked by UPSC in either Prelims and Mains.

Society (8, 9, 10, 18, 19, and 20): Six questions have been asked from this part. Most of the questions are analytical in nature which requires an integrated approach while studying. There won’t be a one-stop source for this. One can maximise his/her score here if he/she has a good thought process.

Q.1) The rock-cut architecture represents one of the most important sources of our knowledge of early Indian art and history. Discuss. (Answer in 150 words)

LINE OF THOUGHT/APPROACH:

This is one of the application based questions. You need to write what rock-cut architecture is in 2-3 lines briefly in the introduction.

In the body you have to substantiate with exact examples how it is a source of knowledge of ancient indian art and history. Dimensions can be – Society, economy, religion etc.

You can locate the famous rock-cut architecture monuments on the map and write two -three points (Eg. Ajanta & Ellora Caves etc)

And conclude an answer with a summary statement.

IASBABA REFERENCE:

https://tlp.iasbaba.com/2018/07/day-23-q-1-rock-cut-architecture-find-an-important-place-in-ancient-indian-history-comment/

Q.2) Pala period is the most significant phase in the history of Buddhism in India. Enumerate. (Answer in 150 words)

LINE OF THOUGHT/APPROACH:

It’s a direct and question which requires sufficient/basic knowledge about the Pala period, its achievements in terms of art, architecture, literature, and paintings, etc. Very importantly, you need to show how the above enriched/flourished Buddhist traditions. Without justification through examples, illustrations the answer would be shallow and not up to the mark. So you need to give exact examples here too.

You can conclude an answer with ‘Buddhism knowledge would be incomplete without taking Pala’s contribution into account.’

IASBABA REFERENCE:

ILP VAN

Q.3) Evaluate the policies of Lord Curzon and their long term implications on the national movement. (Answer in 150 words)

LINE OF THOUGHT/APPROACH:

It is a direct question wherein your prelims preparation for Modern History comes to the rescue. It requires thorough information on Lord Curzon’s policy and its impact on national movement.

The answer can be introduced by mentioning the period of Lord Curzon and names of sections on which Curzon brought policies. In body you need to explain his policies like Partition of Bengal, university education policy among others.

The partition of Bengal and the highhanded behaviour of Curzon fired the national movement and the Congress. Some prejudices he had were shown through his policies, like he was deeply racist, and convinced of Britain’s “civilising mission” in India.

When he left, Congress was more active and effective than at any time in its history.

Same time with specific examples you need to mention impacts on or how following are the results of it.

Eg. Swadeshi movement, Revolutionary movement in 1910s. The conclusion can be simply a summary statement.

IASBABA REFERENCE:

https://iasbaba.com/2020/10/synopsis-14th-october2020-day-3-iasbabas-tlp-phase-2-upsc-mains-answer-writing-general-studies/

UPSC MAINS PAPER 2020 (GS 1): ANALYSIS, APPROACH and REFERENCES - How IASbaba was Helpful? GENERAL STUDIES PAPER 1 | IASbaba (2)

Q.4) Discuss the geophysical characteristics of the Circum-Pacific zone. (Answer in 150 words)

(Video) UPSC Prelims 2020- Detailed Analysis,Expected CutOff,Explanation,Answer Key |General Studies Paper I

LINE OF THOUGHT/APPROACH:

It is a direct question based on a concept that can be found in the basic texts for the subject like NCERTs and GC Leong.

In the introduction, you have to write briefly about what and where the Circum Pacific region – also known as the Pacific ring of fire is.

In the body Geophysical phenomenon, Active volcanoes, O-C, O-O plates convergence.

You can draw a diagram of ‘Ring of Fire’ and locate the current earthquakes and volcano eruptions like Indonesia and New Zealand.

IASBABA REFERENCE:

UPSC MAINS PAPER 2020 (GS 1): ANALYSIS, APPROACH and REFERENCES - How IASbaba was Helpful? GENERAL STUDIES PAPER 1 | IASbaba (3)

Q.5) The process of desertification does not have climatic boundaries. Justify with examples. (Answer in 150 words)

LINE OF THOUGHT/APPROACH:

It is quite a tricky question. Needs interlinking of concepts, applications of knowledge etc.

The answer can be introduced with briefly describing what desertification is.

You need to show unlike earlier time desertification is a global phenomenon across geography and climatic boundaries.

Try to emphasize on its climate change / anthropogenic driven phenomenon now.

You can use two approaches here – One India and One Rest of the world. Do show how desertification is taking place due to different factors in different regions.

Here Examples and Diagrams/Mapsshowing exact locations will be a value addition.

Geography answers are always incomplete without diagrams /maps.

IASBABA REFERENCE:

https://iasbaba.com/2015/11/4-explain-the-causes-and-consequences-of-desertification-in-the-sahel-region-how-this-problem-can-be-addressed/

UPSC MAINS PAPER 2020 (GS 1): ANALYSIS, APPROACH and REFERENCES - How IASbaba was Helpful? GENERAL STUDIES PAPER 1 | IASbaba (4)

Q.6) How will the melting of Himalayan glaciers have a far-reaching impact on the water resources of India? (Answer in 150 words)

LINE OF THOUGHT/APPROACH:

This is a direct question. It asks about the effects of Himalayan ice melting on the water resources of India.

In the introduction, mention the recent glaciers melting due to anthropogenic factors along with natural factors in 2-3 lines. Then in the body, mention how the melting is impacting the water resources of India. You need to give both sides of the impacts.

You can talk about Glacial lake outburst flood (GLOF) too.

Then conclude by saying how with the use of technology we can reduce the negative impacts and increase the positive ones.

IASBABA REFERENCE:

https://iasbaba.com/2020/07/day-38-q-2-examine-the-distribution-of-freshwater-resources-in-asia-how-is-water-distribution-shaping-the-fate-of-this-continent-analyse/

Q.7) Account for the present location of Iron and steel industries away from the source of raw material, by giving examples. (Answer in 150 words)

LINE OF THOUGHT/APPROACH:

This is a direct question from world geography, locational factors for industries part.

In this question, you need to first mention the role of the Iron & steel industry in the world for the introduction. Then in the body, start with addressing the why part i.e. why they are present away from raw material sources, then for each point you mention, you need to give examples like if you mention the example of SAIL in Salem, mention why the smelting plant is located there. Since they have not asked for any particular region you need to mention at least one point for each region. Also, do mention about Purvodaya Initiative.

IASBABA REFERENCE:

https://iasbaba.com/2020/01/integrated-steel-hub/

Q.8) Has caste lost its relevance in understanding the multi-cultural Indian society? Elaborate your answer with illustrations. (Answer in 150 words)

LINE OF THOUGHT/APPROACH:

This is a tricky question, at first, it looks like the question is asking about the impact of culture on Indian society, but if you spend 10-20 seconds on it you will understand the actual demand of questions.

In the introduction, mention what do you mean by caste according to Indian contexts. Then in the body mention about a new form of an assertion called neo-casteism has evolved.

You can talk about how the caste system and multiculturalism in India are both equally old and are interdependent.

Then mention how over time the actual system of caste which was a classification of society based on the job became a status and purity symbol and it failed to assimilate all sections of society and caused irreparable damage to the fabric of diversity of the country.

IASBABA REFERENCE:

https://tlp.iasbaba.com/2019/06/day-10-q-3-how-far-caste-based-pressure-groups-have-altered-the-polity-in-india-illustrate-with-the-help-of-suitable-examples/

(Video) How to Study for GS 1 -- with sources and test series to study for UPSC with Manuj Jindal IAS AIR 53

UPSC MAINS PAPER 2020 (GS 1): ANALYSIS, APPROACH and REFERENCES - How IASbaba was Helpful? GENERAL STUDIES PAPER 1 | IASbaba (5)

Q.9) COVID-19 pandemic accelerated class inequalities and poverty in India. Comment (Answer in 150 words)

LINE OF THOUGHT/APPROACH:

This is a direct question that asks about the impacts of COVID-19 on the poor in India.

You are expected to mention the issues faced by many population groups (women, old, orphans, homeless etc.) that got exposed due to COVID-19 pandemic. You need to mention proper data’ and facts and not just give generalized and assumed figures. Mention how the rich got richer and poor got poorer, give examples of how people trained in digital skills made most and unskilled people had to worry for one-time food. You can talk about Urban Poor and Migration.

Also, in conclusion, mention, the programs by the government to mitigate the effects.

IASBABA REFERENCE:

https://iasbaba.com/2020/07/day-41-q-2-the-ongoing-covid-19-pandemic-has-exposed-the-vulnerabilities-of-many-population-groups-what-in-your-opinion-are-the-most-adversely-impacted-populations-what-measures-would-you-suggest/

UPSC MAINS PAPER 2020 (GS 1): ANALYSIS, APPROACH and REFERENCES - How IASbaba was Helpful? GENERAL STUDIES PAPER 1 | IASbaba (6)

UPSC MAINS PAPER 2020 (GS 1): ANALYSIS, APPROACH and REFERENCES - How IASbaba was Helpful? GENERAL STUDIES PAPER 1 | IASbaba (7)

Q.10) Do you agree that regionalism in India appears to be a consequence of rising cultural assertiveness? Argue. (Answer in 150 words)

LINE OF THOUGHT/APPROACH:

This is a direct question on regionalism and the factors that are promoting it in recent times.

In the introduction, define regionalism and the origin behind it. Then in the body start with giving points to prove how due to cultural assertiveness regionalism is rising. Give 4-5 points at least. Then in the second part, mention a few more points other than those mentioned in the first part, to show how it might just be a factor but not be the sole factor, like economic disparity, etc. You can also talk about politicians trying to fuel culture assertiveness.

The conclusion can be futuristic and optimistic, wherein you can provide some measures to tackle the issue that is regionalism.

IASBABA REFERENCE:

https://tlp.iasbaba.com/2019/07/day-25-q-3-comment-upon-the-evolving-trends-of-regionalism-in-india-and-the-governments-response-to-it/

UPSC MAINS PAPER 2020 (GS 1): ANALYSIS, APPROACH and REFERENCES - How IASbaba was Helpful? GENERAL STUDIES PAPER 1 | IASbaba (8)

Q.11) Indian philosophy and tradition played a significant role in conceiving and shaping the monuments and art in India. Discuss (Answer in 250 words)

LINE OF THOUGHT/APPROACH:

The question has two key terms to focus upon, first is to address ‘Indian philosophy and tradition’, after addressing it a candidate needs to address the second key term ‘monuments and art’, and how Indian philosophy and tradition have influenced monuments and art.

Here you can start by writing what are different Indian philosophies and traditions which includes Jainism, Buddhism, Ajivikas, Shaivism, Vaishnavism, etc and how it had an influence on different art forms such as architecture, painting, music etc.

Then write about monuments such as pillars, rock-cut caves, temples and then try to diversify in different art forms of music, paintings which will include Bhakti music, while in paintings like Madhubani, Pattachitra art, Tanjore paintings, while in rock-cut caves write about Lomas Rishi, Udaygiri, etc.

While writing answers try to follow a structure based on keywords from the question itself.

IASBABA REFERENCE:

TLP Plus Test 11 (2020), Question No. 1.

https://tlp.iasbaba.com/2019/10/day-1-q-1-while-elaborating-on-the-recurrent-themes-of-the-bhakti-literary-tradition-examine-the-contribution-of-women-poets-towards-indias-bhakti-literature/

Q.12) Persian literary sources of medieval India reflect the spirit of the age. Comment? (Answer in 250 words)

LINE OF THOUGHT/APPROACH:

This is a direct question wherein it asks to write about the various Persian literary sources of medieval India and how this literature reflects the spirit of the age. This will include thought, social structure, culture, political institutions, etc.

In Persian literary sources write about the chronicles called as Tawarikh, then there were travellers such Ibn Battuta and Al Beruni who wrote Rihlah and Kitab ul Hind respectively. Then further there were biographies written in the era of Mughals such as Ain i Akbari, Tuzuk e babari. Then mention poets such as Amir Khusrau and Mohammad Jayasi and also religious literature which will include Sufi literature as well.

In the spirit of age, focus upon how these sources have commented upon the social structure, political institutions, religion, comparative analysis between India and Persian territories, the economy of the period. For example, Ain e Akbari delves on the topic of religion, status of women, powers of Monarch, policies by administration and specific views of Akbar on harmony such as Sulh e Kul.

IASBABA REFERENCE:

https://iasbaba.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/TLP-Day-2-Synopsis.pdf (Question No.2)

Q.13) Since the decade of 1920’s, the national movement acquired various ideological strands and thereby expanded its social base. Discuss. (Answer in 250 words)

LINE OF THOUGHT/APPROACH:

This question has three keywords that is 1. The decade of 1920, 2. Ideological strand in the national movement and 3. expanded the social base. Therefore, each keyword needs to be emphasised on in your answers.

Here you need to write about the different strands in the 1920s such as ideologies like Gandhian ideology which gained momentum in 1920 with the start of the non-cooperation movement, Socialism and Communism which started with the formations of the Communist Party of India in 1925, Revolutionary ideology which included groups like Hindustan Socialist Republican Association 1928, Communalism here Muslim League and Hindu Mahasabha were the prominent associations, Subaltern ideology which will include Dalit movement, tribal and feminist participation.

Then you need to focus upon how it expanded the social base, while writing this you need to compare how the earlier social base was too narrow that is when moderates were at the helm of freedom struggle from 1905 onwards and it was focused on middle class and the elite section. whereas after 1920 the base expanded to peasants, labourers, women, depressed classes, tribals, in general the struggle focused on masses which were hitherto ignored.

IASBABA REFERENCE:

https://iasbaba.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/TLP-2019-DAY-2-Synopsis.pdf

(Video) Detailed Analysis of UPSC Prelims 2022 | POLITY | GS Paper 1 - Answer Key, Cut Off, Explanation

Question No. 3 and 4

TLP plus Test 2020, Q.3

TLP Plus Test 2020, Q.8

Q.14) The interlinking of rivers can provide viable solutions to the multidimensional interrelated problems of droughts, floods and interrupted navigation. Critically examine (Answer in 250 words)

LINE OF THOUGHT/APPROACH:

In this question you need to show how interlinking of rivers can provide solutions to problems of India that is drought, floods and navigation while in the second part of the question a candidate needs to address criticism related to interlinking of rivers such as impact on ecology and human displacement.

Interlinking involves the process of diverting surplus river water through a network of canals to relatively drier areas either within a state or among two or more states. In India, there is an ambitious plan to link, Himalayan rivers, rivers flowing through northeast and peninsular rivers, to balance the deficit and excess water areas.

After defining address each keyword mentioned, that is solutions related to drought especially in regions such as Rajasthan, Bundelkhand, Marathwada. In the part on flood address how there are regions in Himalayan river system where the floods is recurring phenomenon such as states like Bihar and Assam are constantly under flood when the rest of India is starving for water. While in navigation write about the huge potential of linking the rivers for interstate navigation and boost to business and transportation.

In criticism focus on three aspects that are 1) Ecology 2) Displacement of people and 3) Cost of the project.

IASBABA REFERENCE:

https://tlp.iasbaba.com/2019/02/day-74-q-2-india-has-started-its-ambitious-river-interlinking-project-what-can-be-the-ecological-impacts-of-river-interlinking/

https://iasbaba.com/2020/11/day-38-q-1-do-you-think-river-interlinking-is-the-the-most-suitable-way-forward-for-water-management-in-india-critically-examine/

Q.15) Account for the huge flooding of million cities in India including the smart ones like Hyderabad and Pune. Suggest lasting remedial measures. (Answer in 250 words)

LINE OF THOUGHT/APPROACH:

The question asks to write about urban flooding as a recurring phenomenon in India. While this was initially seen only in cities like Mumbai and Delhi now the scourge has been extended to smart cities like Hyderabad and Pune which have a high ease of living index performance. Further, after analysing the reasons for urban flood acandidate needs to write what can be the long-lasting remedial measures.

Under ‘Remedial Measures’ focus upon measures such as.

  • Utilising international best practices: Implementing ‘Mobile Walls’ like in Germany, and ‘sponge’ cities in line with cities in China which involves replacing concrete pavements with porous pavements to ensure better filtration.
  • Policymaking and city planning: Each city should have their Flood mitigation plans strongly embedded within the master plan of the city. There should be prompt, well-coordinated and effective response in case of urban floods to minimize casualties and loss of property and also facilitate early recovery.
  • Wetlands protection: Urban flooding may increase if wetlands not protected. Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) has recommended strong laws to protect urban lakes, their catchment and feeder channels

IASBABA REFERENCE:

https://tlp.iasbaba.com/2019/08/day-51-q-3-why-are-urban-floods-so-frequent-and-devastating-in-india-what-measures-can-be-taken-to-address-urban-flooding-in-india-discuss/

https://tlp.iasbaba.com/2019/09/day-2-q-6-urban-flooding-has-become-a-major-challenge-in-many-indian-cities-what-are-the-factors-leading-to-urban-inundations-what-is-the-way-out-suggest-short-term-and-long-term-measures-to-addr/

UPSC MAINS PAPER 2020 (GS 1): ANALYSIS, APPROACH and REFERENCES - How IASbaba was Helpful? GENERAL STUDIES PAPER 1 | IASbaba (9)

Q.16) India has immense potential for solar energy though there are regional variations in its development. Elaborate

LINE OF THOUGHT/APPROACH:

The question is framed in a single sentence, however there are 2 keywords in here. One, the potential of India’s solar energy; two, regional variations. Hence, it is necessary to answer both the key words.

Solar Potential can be explained with various reports of the Ministry of Renewable Energy

About 5,000 trillion kWh per year energy is incident over India’s land area with most parts receiving 4-7 kWh per sq. m per day.

The National Institute of Solar Energy has assessed the Country’s solar potential of about 748 GW assuming 3% of the wasteland area to be covered by Solar PV modules.

Regional Variations can be explained with help of a map showing the incidence of solar energy in India. And, explanation of climatology, durations of summers and dry winter seasons in India. We can also use Koppen climate classification.

Lastly, we can conclude the answer with India’s target on solar energy and schemes like the Renewable Purchase obligations, National solar Mission, International Solar Alliance, etc.

IASBABA REFERENCE:

https://iasbaba.com/2020/07/day-37-q-1-discuss-the-solar-potential-of-south-asia-what-have-been-some-of-the-major-achievements-on-the-solar-front-in-india-discuss/

https://iasbaba.com/2020/08/indias-solar-energy-push-the-big-picture-rstv-ias-upsc/

Q.17) Examine the status of forest resources of India and its resultant impact on climate change.

LINE OF THOUGHT/APPROACH:

Here there are two demands put forth by the question. One to bring out the state of forest resources in India. Second demand the impact of current status of Indian forests on Indian climate change.

For the status of forests, we can use the State of Forest report of Government of India -2019

  • The Total Forest cover is 7,12,249 sq km which is 21.67% of the geographical area of the country.
  • The Tree cover is 2.89% of the geographical area of the country.

Also, we need to provide some of the status of decreasing forest resources in India so that it links with the second demand of the question.

National Forest Policy of India, 1988 envisages a goal of achieving 33% of the geographical area of the country under forest and tree cover. India is yet to reach the target.

In the impact part we can provide examples of unseasonal rains, increased forest fires, recent floods in Hyderabad, summer temperatures hitting record high in many places of India, etc.

Thus, a good rendering of facts can fetch maximum marks.

IASBABA REFERENCE:

https://iasbaba.com/2020/01/india-state-of-forest-report-2019-vishesh-rstv-ias-upsc/

(Video) Detailed Analysis of UPSC Prelims 2021 | HISTORY | GS Paper 1 - Answer Key, Cut Off, Explanation

https://iasbaba.com/2020/01/what-is-the-state-of-forests-in-india/

Q.18) Is diversity and pluralism in India under threat due to globalisation? Justify your answer.

LINE OF THOUGHT/APPROACH:

In this question there are 3 keywords Viz, diversity, pluralism, globalization. If we consider diversity and pluralism as synonymous, the number of keywords reduces to two. And the demand of the question is to explain how this diversity is jeopardised by globalization.

As this is a sociology question avoid hardcore economic and political terms related to globalization here.

We can explain by giving examples like:

Our food, clothing, language, means of recreation, etc.

Use statistics on the dying number of tribal & indigenous languages in India.

We can also balance the answer by providing examples of Yoga, Google’s fashion week – wherein Indian traditional fashion was exposed to the world.

IASBABA REFERENCE:

https://iasbaba.com/2017/02/3-discuss-impacts-globalization-popular-art-forms-india-take-suitable-examples/

https://iasbaba.com/2015/11/1-globalization-has-affected-indian-art-to-a-larger-extent-as-it-has-affected-india-economy-discuss-the-pros-and-cons-of-globalization-on-indian-arts/

https://tlp.iasbaba.com/2019/07/day-24-q-4-has-globalisation-led-to-enhanced-secularisation-in-india-critically-comment/

UPSC MAINS PAPER 2020 (GS 1): ANALYSIS, APPROACH and REFERENCES - How IASbaba was Helpful? GENERAL STUDIES PAPER 1 | IASbaba (10)

UPSC MAINS PAPER 2020 (GS 1): ANALYSIS, APPROACH and REFERENCES - How IASbaba was Helpful? GENERAL STUDIES PAPER 1 | IASbaba (11)

Q.19) Customs and traditions suppress reason leading to obscurantism. Do you agree?

LINE OF THOUGHT/APPROACH:

The question simply means that customs and traditions curb society’s rationalism and reasonability, thus leading to obscurantism or the state where science and facts take a back seat.

Here some of the latest examples of Indian Science Congress – papers presented on invention of flights by Indian, thesis on medicinal power of GO-MOOTHRA, Seminar in IIT on Astrology can be quoted.

However, some of the customs and traditions which come with scientific reason can be quoted here, like –applying Kumkuma on the forehead which is a converging point of several nerves etc.

IASBABA REFERENCE:

https://tlp.iasbaba.com/2019/02/day-73-q-1-science-and-technology-has-always-been-an-integral-part-of-our-culture-comment/

https://iasbaba.com/2015/09/2-science-and-religion-are-they-compatible-1000-words/

Q.20) How have digital initiatives in India contributed to the functioning of the education system in the country? Elaborate your answer.

LINE OF THOUGHT/APPROACH:

This is an analytical question, here we need to connect two domains, the digital initiatives in India and the education system in India.

Initially we can provide some of the examples and reports of how many rural children failed to access online classes during the pandemic times in India this year.

However, in the major part we need to bring in various initiatives of the government of India regarding digitalization of the education sector.

Ex: SMART Board initiative, E-Pathshala, National Digital Library, SWAYAM, SWAYAM Prabha Free personal computers and laptops distributed by many state governments, classes aired in the government media channels, furnishing government schools with computers and compulsory computer education for all.

However, some thoughts on limitations can be provided after this.

Later, we can conclude by giving way ahead – that includes PMGDISHA, Common service centres, PM WANI etc.

IASBABA REFERENCE:

https://iasbaba.com/2020/04/online-education/

https://iasbaba.com/2020/09/digital-education/

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(Video) Detailed Analysis of UPSC Prelims 2021 | GEOGRAPHY | GS Paper 1- Answer Key, Explanation

FAQs

Which paper is most scoring in UPSC mains? ›

Geography. Most of the aspirants choose Geography as their optional subject because it is noticed that it is the highest-scoring option in UPSC and most popular among the candidates.

How can I get good marks in GS? ›

How do I prepare for the SSC CGL GS in less time and score 30+...
  1. Study And Analyse SSC CGL General Studies Syllabus: The first step is to be aware of what exactly you have to study. ...
  2. Refer To The Right Study Material. ...
  3. Make A Schedule And Follow It. ...
  4. Make Notes: ...
  5. Solve Previous Years' Papers. ...
  6. Practice Mock Tests.

Which book is best for UPSC GS1? ›

Must have books or sources for GS Paper I of UPSC Mains Exam (UPSC Mains GS books)
  • History of the World by Arjun Dev and Indira Arjun Dev.
  • Social Problems in India by Ram Ahuja.
  • Contemporary Issues in Globalization by Soumyen Sikdar.
  • Certificate of Physical and Human Geography.
  • Indian and World Geography.

Which notes are best for UPSC mains? ›

Free IAS Study Materials – Latest Notes for UPSC Prelims and Mains
  • Indian History Notes – Indian History and Culture.
  • Geography Notes – Indian and World Geography.
  • Economics Notes – Indian Economy.
  • Indian Polity Notes – Constitution, Social Justice etc.
  • General Science Notes – Science and Technology.

Which is the highest scoring optional? ›

Based on the general trend, the subjects which have the potential to help you score about 330 marks in optional exams (with your immense dedication, ofcourse) are Mathematics, Anthropology, Sociology, any Literature, Public Administration and Geography.

Which optional has highest success rate? ›

UPSC Optional Subjects Success Rate 2016
No.Optional SubjectSuccess Rate
1Agriculture18.6
2Medical science16.3
3Animal husbandry12.3
4Economics11.3
13 more rows

Who scored highest marks in GS? ›

IAS Topper 2019 – Pradeep Singh (Marks in Mains + Interview = 1072) IAS Topper 2018 – Kanishak Kataria (Marks in Mains + Interview = 1121) IAS Topper 2017 – Anudeep Durishetty (Marks in Mains + Interview = 1126)
...
What is the last rank for IAS?
IAS General Studies Notes Links
Sarojini NaiduBlackbuck
2 more rows

Which book is best for GS? ›

  • Certificate Physical & Human Geography by Goh Cheng Leong (Second Half of the Book) ( Amazon Link )
  • XII Standard NCERT Book on Biology (Chapters pertaining to Ecology) ( Amazon Link )
  • India Year Book (Chapters on Environment)
  • Chapter on Climate Change from Economic Survey.
  • The Hindu or Indian Express Newspaper.

Which coaching is best for GS preparation? ›

Plutus IAS (Best IAS Coaching in 2022) is Best UPSC Coaching in Delhi. Ias Officer is very Demanding Every Where You get Great Respect once You Clear UPSC ExamPreparation for CSAT and GS in Plutus IAS Coaching is also provided in Hindi.

Which notes are best Vajiram or vision IAS? ›

Vajiram and Ravi or Sriram IAS is excellent for GS preparation as they have experienced faculty and comprehensive notes. Check out the Vajiram & Ravi General studies notes. Vision IAS has great online material but does not match up to the others.

Which authors book is best for UPSC? ›

UPSC Books – Best Books For IAS Prelims
SubjectUPSC Books
Indian PolityIndian Polity – M Laxmikanth NCERT IX-XII
EconomicsIndian Economy by Nitin Singhania Economic Development & Policies in India – Jain & Ohri NCERT XI
International RelationsNCERT XII (Contemporary World Politics) Current Affairs
4 more rows

How many hours should a UPSC aspirant study? ›

There are some aspirants who claim to study 15-16 hours per day while preparing for the UPSC exam. And, there are others who clear the exam studying just for 6-7 hours in a day.
...
Also, read.
UPSC Calendar 2022UPSC Books
UPSC 2022UPSC Notes
How to Ward off Distractions While Studying for UPSC Exam?

Which pen is best for writing Mains? ›

The best pen UPSC Prelims exam is a black ballpoint pen. UPSC in its instructions it is mentioned using a black ballpoint pen.

Which type of handwriting is best for UPSC? ›

If you don't have cursive handwriting, you should leave sufficient space between words. This will improve clarity in writing.

Can I crack UPSC without making notes? ›

You can not expect to clear the UPSC examination without preparing the notes and revising them regularly. Since the exam contains a vast array of subjects, it is difficult to remember every piece of information and impossible to go through the entire syllabus while revising. This is where note-making helps!

Which optional has smallest syllabus? ›

Which UPSC Optional Subject has Smallest Syllabus? Philosophy has the shortest syllabus out of all of the optional subjects for the UPSC examination and is the reason for it is a popular choice amongst UPSC aspirants.

What is the highest scoring optional subject in UPSC? ›

Anthropology: As an optional subject at UPSC, Anthropology is regarded as one of the best scoring optional for UPSC. This is a subject chosen time and again by aspirants because of its scoring potential.

Which optional is easy to score? ›

Answer: Sociology, Geography, and Public Administration are easy subjects to score. Many candidates have scored more than 400 marks in these optional subjects as per the previous year's result.

What was Tina Dabi optional? ›

Tina Dabi secured All India Rank 1 in 2015. Tina graduated from Lady Shri Ram College in 2014 in Political Science. Her optional subject too was Political Science and International Relations.

Which optional has most overlap with GS? ›

The syllabus of Geography Optional overlaps with almost 40% of the GS syllabus.

Which is the least popular optional subject in UPSC? ›

Going by the number of candidates appearing for the optionals, the least popular subjects with less than 100 candidates are:
  • Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science.
  • Geology.
  • Civil Engineering.
  • Mechanical Engineering.
  • Agriculture.
  • Statistics.
  • Medical sciences.
  • Management and.

Who scored highest marks in GS 1 UPSC? ›

Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) has released the names and marks of all recommended candidates in the final rank list in CSE 2021. Shruti Sharma secured All India Rank 1 with 1105 marks out of 2025 (54.56%). Ankita Agarwal came second with a difference of 55 marks. She scored 1050 out of 2025 (51.85%).

What is the last rank for IAS? ›

UPSC 2018 Result was declared on 05th April 2019.
...
Final Rank Allocated for IAS, IPS, and IFS in 2018 (UPSC Rank Wise Post – 2018)
ServicesLast Rank
IAS92
IFS134
IPS236
IRS (IT)239
1 more row

Which UPSC topper has highest marks? ›

Civil services exam topper Shruti Sharma scored 54.56% marks: UPSC.

Which author is best for general studies? ›

UPSC General Studies Books For Preliminary Examination:

'Indian Polity : Indian Polity' by M Laxmikanth. 'Indian Economy : NCERT Books and Indian Economy' by Ramesh Singh. 'General Science' : NCERT textbooks. 'Mental Ability : Quantitative Aptitude' by R.S. Aggarwal.

Who is the best teacher for GS UPSC? ›

Anshul Bajpai ( G.S History Ph. D in History ) is a History expert and is providing the best coaching service to IAS aspirants in the past few years.

Which book is best for GK Lucent or arihant? ›

Arihant is the best GK and Lucents also ..... Theke book's cover is slightly damaged , otherwise it's nice.

Which coaching did srushti Deshmukh join? ›

But this was my personal call and I did not opt for it. Did you take any special help or coaching? Srushti: Oh Yes, I have been a student of the foundation course of KSG (Khan Study Group) - Bhopal Centre and after that I have been connected with KSG for the Prelims Test series. I gave my mock interview with Khan Sir.

Which is the No 1 IAS coaching in India? ›

In India Plutus, IAS coaching institute is very famous and hold 1 rank in the list of Top IAS Coaching in India. Plutus IAS is Most Popular IAS Coaching in India. Many IAS Examination Aspirants have Rated Plutus IAS Coaching as Best IAS Coaching in 2022.

Which UPSC coaching has highest success rate? ›

Youth Destination is a well known IAS coaching in Delhi that has the highest success rate for IAS preparation. The institute provides help for all the three stages of the IAS examination: preliminary exam, mains and interview round or personality tests.

Which is better Vajirao or Vajiram? ›

Conclusion of Which is better Vajiram or Vajirao:

As much as getting into a good coaching institute is concerned Our Research feels Vajirao & Reddy is the Best you can get. The Faculty is simply best. Teachers are Well Qualified.

Which batch timing is best for Vajiram and Ravi? ›

11 AM to 1.30 PM Vajiram and Ravi IAS Delhi batches

You may awaken early, choose action for one hourbath, enjoy breakfast and also read the paper before 10.30 AM. Proceed have lunch at two PM you may examine for approximately 8–9 hrs per day.

Where did Kanishak Kataria took coaching? ›

He had topped the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) Advanced in Schedule Caste (SC) category in 2010 and had pursued Computer Science engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Bombay. Kataria had joined coaching for JEE in Resonance at Kota, Rajasthan since class 9.

Which hobby is best for UPSC? ›

Many candidates think that they can prepare the theoretical part of their 'hobby' well and answer any related queries in the interview.
...
HOBBIES
  • Reading Books.
  • Writing.
  • Blogging.
  • Photography.
  • Painting & Sketching.
  • Meditation & Yoga.
  • Movies.
  • Music.

Is 1 year newspaper reading enough for UPSC? ›

One newspaper is more than enough to qualify the exam with flying colours. The most important thing in the preparation of the UPSC Examination is Time Management. An aspirant must not waste their time to look for multiple resources but rather focus on limiting them.

Which strategy is best for UPSC? ›

Tips to Improve UPSC Preparation Strategy
  • Get to know the exam pattern better and understand the needs and expectations of the UPSC Exam at three different levels. ...
  • Reading the newspaper on a daily basis will give an edge to your UPSC strategy in comparison to those candidates who don't regularly follow the news updates.

Is 4 hours of sleep enough for a UPSC student? ›

Daily five to seven hours sleep is enough for a UPSC aspirant. If you are an aspirant with asthma, allergy or other health problem you need to sleep more. So, an aspirant does not waste even a single minute. If an aspirant is studying in the morning, they should take proper breakfast and should drink ample water.

Is studying 4 hours a day enough for UPSC? ›

1) An aspirant may not be able to concentrate fully for the entire 5 hours; hence there will be gaps, 2) An aspirant has to study GS, optional, current affairs, etc., every day, and to divide the 5 hours, may not be effective. Hence, an aspirant should try to put at least 7-8 hours every day and gradually increase it.

How many hours study in a day? ›

For a normal course, 1 hour per subject will be a good strategy, whereas preparation for any competitive exam demands proper management of time and schedule for each day. One should be regular and stick to the schedule made for each day. For competitive exams at least 6-7 hours study is mandatory.

Which color pen is best for studying? ›

Blue is best used for learning situations which are challenging. Blue paper, blue ink, or blue highlighting can be used to help improve reading comprehension too.

Which Colour of pen is best for writing? ›

Black ink tends to copy better than any other ink color. Red will show up too light and in some cases won't show up at all. The same might be said about blue or purple.

Which pen is best for remembering? ›

Information written in blue ink is said to be easier to recall.

Is blue pen allowed in UPSC? ›

In the Prelims Exam, UPSC has allowed using only a black ball point pen to answer in the OMR Sheet. And, in the Mains Exam, an aspirant can use either a black or blue pen.

How can I increase my handwriting speed in UPSC? ›

How to Write Faster for the UPSC Mains Exam
  1. Get the correct tool. First of all, you must get the correct pen to write the exam with. ...
  2. Rectify your technique. ...
  3. Write crisp. ...
  4. Prepare diligently. ...
  5. Think before starting to write. ...
  6. Take care of the word count and the marks allocated. ...
  7. Practice.

Can I crack UPSC by studying 8 hours? ›

Some aspirants claim to be studying 15–16 hours a day to prepare to take the UPSC exam. Some can pass the exam with just 6-7 hours of study per day. There isn't a perfect answer to this question, and candidates must determine the number of hours they spend studying each day based on their abilities and needs.

Who cracked UPSC in 6 months? ›

Artika is one of those UPSC candidates who has aced the UPSC exam on the first attempt.
...
Marksheet of IAS Artika Shukla- Inspiration for all the aspirants.
SubjectScore
Optional 2 (Medical Science)142/250
Written Total827/1750
Interview173/275
Total (Mains)1000/2025 (49.38%)
6 more rows
6 May 2022

Who clear IAS first try? ›

On average, candidates take more than 2 attempts to clear this exam. But every year, there are several candidates who clear the UPSC exam in their very first attempt.
...
IAS First Attempt Winners.
NameRankYear
Tina Dabi12015
Artika Shukla42015
Renu Raj22014
Saketa Raja Musinipally142014
22 more rows

Which paper is best for UPSC? ›

Read on to find out which is the best newspaper for civil service preparation. Aspirants can check the UPSC previous year question paper for more details about the exam. Here we are providing a list of the best newspaper for IAS 2022.
...
Best newspaper for UPSC
  • The Hindu.
  • The Indian Express.
  • Business Standard.

Which is the hardest exam in UPSC? ›

Is IAS Toughest Exam in the World?
  • As you would know, the UPSC Prelims is the first obstacle to your IAS dreams. This exam is taken by lakhs of Indians every year. ...
  • A lot of people consider the IAS exam to be the toughest exam in India. ...
  • As you can see from the table above, the success rate is the lowest for the IAS exam.

Which is the easiest and most scoring optional subject in UPSC? ›

Which optional subject is easy in UPSC? Answer: Sociology, Geography, and Public Administration are easy subjects to score. Many candidates have scored more than 400 marks in these optional subjects as per the previous year's result.

Which is the toughest exam conducted by UPSC? ›

UPSC Civil Services Exam

It is the most competitive and difficult exam that is conducted in India. The UPSC Exam is conducted in three stages- UPSC Prelims, UPSC Mains, and Interview.

Can we skip newspaper for UPSC? ›

Reading newspapers is not necessary to crack UPSC's current affairs.

Can I crack UPSC by reading only newspaper? ›

“The Hindu” and “The Indian Express” are the two best and most recommended newspapers for UPSC preparation. Some aspirants read only one while others prefer to read both the newspapers.

Which is world's toughest exam? ›

Oxford University conducts the All Souls Prize Fellowship Exam, which deserves to be on the list of the most toughest exam in world. It is a world-renowned historic exam having a great legacy of many years. Eighty candidates appear for this exam out of which only one or two get succeed.

Which is the 3rd toughest exam in India? ›

3. JEE IIT. JEE (Joint Entrance Examination) is one of the standardised national level exams conducted to select 12th class science students who wish to pursue a career in engineering.

Which is the No 1 toughest exam in India? ›

List of Top 10 Toughest Exams in India
  • UPSC Civil Services Exam.
  • IIT- JEE.
  • Chartered Accountant (CA)
  • NEET UG.
  • AIIMS UG.
  • Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE)
  • National Defence Academy (NDA)
  • Common-Law Admission Test (CLAT)

Which is the smallest subject in UPSC optional? ›

Which UPSC Optional Subject has Smallest Syllabus? Philosophy has the shortest syllabus out of all of the optional subjects for the UPSC examination and is the reason for it is a popular choice amongst UPSC aspirants.

Which is most famous optional subject in UPSC? ›

Geography is now the most preferred subject among the optional subjects chosen by the candidates, followed by History, Public Administration and Sociology. Among the candidates who qualify to write UPSC Mains (written exam) every year, around 3000 candidates prefer Geography as the optional subject.

Which is the highest scoring optional in UPSC? ›

Anthropology: As an optional subject at UPSC, Anthropology is regarded as one of the best scoring optional for UPSC. This is a subject chosen time and again by aspirants because of its scoring potential.

Which is the 2 toughest exam in India? ›

IIT JEE Entrance Examination

It is considered to be the second toughest exam in India. Students seeking admissions at centrally-funded technical institutions are shortlisted based on two core levels of IIT-JEE: JEE Main and JEE Advanced.

Which country has hardest exam? ›

✅ Gaokao (China)

Each year, millions of students in China take the gaokao, taken by students in their third and final year of high school typically from June 7 to June 8 or 9. It's China's version of the American SAT and British A-level tests, and is known as one of the hardest exams in the world.

Is UPSC easier than gate? ›

If you compare GATE, and UPSC, the latter is difficult. UPSC becomes tougher as it tests current affairs, and aptitude along with conceptual, and general knowledge Also, it becomes difficult as comparatively more candidates apply to this exam.

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3. Detailed Analysis of UPSC Prelims 2021 | POLITY | GS Paper 1 - Answer Key, Cut Off, Explanation
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